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Higher Modern Studies
Transcript of Higher Modern Studies
Income Support (IS)
Income-based Job Seeker's Allowance (JSA)
Any income related element of Employment and Support Allowance
Child Tax Credit (CTC), but not Working Tax Credit, and your income is less than £15,860
Both maximum child tax credit and maximum working tax credit and your income is under £6420
Support under Part V1 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 entitlement 18% of the children in Bannockburn High School receive free school meals problems... pilot scheme cost £3.8million each year - expensive Currently, less than half of all primary school children take advantage of the healthy meal offered during the school day. Some of these children are entitled to free meals, but do not take them because of the stigma attached to this, or a tedious application procedure Councillors have revealed that in some schools the proportion of children now eating the healthy school meals since May 2004 is as high as 95% in some schools improvement in the concentration of the children POTENTIAL MINIMUM . ALCOHOL PRICING minimum of 45p per unit - 5p higher than the price suggested by ministers in March also considering banning multi-buy promotions eg. two-for-the-price-of-one targeted at harmful drinkers and irresponsible shops success? would reduce the consumption of alcohol by 4.3% leading to 2,000 fewer deaths and 66,000 hospital admissions after 10 years the number of crimes would drop by 24,000 a year effectively increases price of alcohol for everyone, ie. even moderate drinkers policy could hurt those on lower incomes to a greater extent than any other group less money to spend elsewhere for those who are alcohol dependent, which will lead to a reduction in living standards problems... SMOKING BAN IN . PUBLIC PLACES tobacco is the second major cause of mortality in the world, and currently responsible for the death of about one in ten adults worldwide exposure of pregnant women to tobacco smoke has been linked to dangerously lower birth weights and dangerously early deliveries success? since Scotland introduced a ban on smoking in public places in 2006, there has been a 10% drop in the country's premature birthrate more than 2 billion fewer cigarettes were smoked and 400,000 people have quit the habit since the ban was introduced researchers say it will prevent 40,000 deaths over the next 10 years people have started staying in their house at weekends rather than going to pubs to be able to drink and smoke at the same time, which is affecting local businesses people tend to drink more on a night in their house, and so are drinking full bottles of spirits rather than one or two glasses - same price as in the pub problems... 175 million fewer pints have been sold since the ban, as smokers have been driven outside however... this is having a positive effect on people on low incomes having more money to spend elsewhere due to the reduction in time spent in pubs, and is also helping to improve, for some people, the levels of alcohol consumption if they are choosing not to drink at all WEALTH NATIONAL MINIMUM WAGE a flagship policy of the Labour Party in the UK during its 1997 election campaign still pronounced today in Labour Party circulars as an outstanding gain for ‘at least 1.5 million people’ national minimum wage (NMW) took effect on 1 April 1999 NMW rates are reviewed each year by the Low Pay Commission, which makes recommendations for change to the Government currently £6.19 per hour for workers aged 21 years and older, £4.98 per hour for workers aged 18–20, and £3.68 per hour for workers aged 16 & 17 success? NATIONAL . HEALTH . SERVICE publicly funded healthcare system in the United Kingdom primarily funded through general taxation rather than requiring insurance payments founded in 1948 NHS Scotland had an operating budget of £11.35 billion in 2010-11 success? provision of some free care homes for the elderly improved the standard of living for many elderly people free prescriptions and operations in Scotland have dramatically improved healthcare provision of free contraceptives to the population has led to a decline in STI levels and unwanted pregnancies patients who desire to quit smoking can receive free NHS 'Quit Kits' problems... NHS is very expensive for the Government and taxpayers Caring for the elderly costs another £1 billion every year WINTER FUEL ALLOWANCE success? problems... has a knock on affect on health, improving it also You don't need to reapply once you have applied has dramatically reduced the number deaths amongst retirees that are attributable to cold weather, and has helped to combat fuel poverty you will automatically receive a cold weather payment if you get pension credit or certain other means-tested benefits - don't have to apply you will usually get less if you live with other people who also qualify last year, the government gave £2.7 billion to the over-60s in the form of Winter Fuel Payments - which was, remarkably, more than we spent last year on the Royal Navy, which only got £2.3 billion worth of funding, according to 'The Guardian' if you're born on the 5th of July 1951 you may qualify amount of winter fuel payment you can get depends of your personal situation helps people at risk of cold-related illnesses such as pneumonia you will normally receive £200 if you are under 80, and £300 if you are 80 or over there are around 5.5m households living in fuel poverty in the UK - that means they're spending 10% or more of their income on fuel NEW DEAL PENSION CREDIT problems... success? problems... success? problems... creates inequalities - some medical facilities are available on the NHS in some constituencies and not others recent NHS cuts have led to controversy LABOUR most of the people who live in fuel poverty aren’t pensioners, and the majority of pensioners don’t live in fuel poverty closes the income gap between the rich and the poor helps to prevent abuse by employers. The law eliminates the legal bargaining with a desperate employee to get him to work for an unsatisfactory amount Since the minimum wage only lets the agreeable pay . rate go so low, the experienced and perhaps more deserving worker will not lose . the job simply because . someone else will do it . cheaper inflation causes the national minimum wage to rise, and this payroll rise may lead to employers having to cut jobs, reduce product quality, or pass the added expense onto consumers causing the products they produce to cost more at the store the minimum wage may prevent some businesses from turning a profit because they work on such a tight budget illegal 'under the table' work occurs in which companies pay 'cash in hand' - which is under the NMW, and avoids the paying of taxes LABOUR The New Deal (renamed Flexible New Deal from October 2009) was a programme of active labour market policies introduced in the United Kingdom by the Labour government in 1998 The stated purpose is to reduce unemployment by providing training, subsidised employment and voluntary work to the unemployed. Spending on the New Deal was £1.3 billion in 2001 The New Deal introduced the ability to withdraw benefits from those who refused "reasonable employment". Critics claim that participants fail to see the value in the programmes, and the programmes are not effective in equipping participants for work