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CMIN 301 (Sp '15) T21 - Preaching OT Narrative

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by

Hartmut Scherer

on 31 March 2015

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Transcript of CMIN 301 (Sp '15) T21 - Preaching OT Narrative

God promises the land to Abraham’s descendents in Genesis 12 (
big story
)
Israelites refuse to enter the promised land in Numbers 14
(individual story)
Keep
relating
the
parts
(individual stories) to the
big story
of the entire book and the whole OT
The
interpretive river
is often
wide
.
Preaching
OT Narrative

(Adapted from Zondervan Academic Resources for "Grasping God's Word)
Introduction
Reading narratives
Look for connections with surrounding stories
Literary features of narratives
Plot
Resolution
(What? How?) The sequence of events that ties together the story
Setting
Place
Characters
(Who?) Characters carry the action and move the plot forward
Viewpoint of Narrator
(Why?) The narrator is the one responsible for conveying meaning to the readers through the story
Comparison/Contrast
Major literary technique used in OT narrative to develop the plot and move the story forward
Irony
When the narrator’s intended meaning is quite different from the surface meaning of an episode
Literary context – the big story
Example:
Do “Good Guys” always wear white hats?
http://images.theadmins.info/white_hat
Many theological principles derive from the main characters
Good guys?

Solomon Samson Gideon
God is a
central character
in OT narrative.
Let God be God!
How to interpret OT narratives
1.
2.
3.
4.
Make careful observations. Search for connections.
1.
Grasp the text in their town
Measure the width
of the river
Be sure to remember the changes in covenants (we are no longer under the law of Moses)
2.
Cross the principlizing bridge
3.
Identify similarities between the situation of the biblical audience and us.
Does your theological principle satisfy the following criteria:
- It should be
reflected

in the biblical text
- It should be
consistent

with the teaching of
the rest of Scripture
Consult the biblical map
4.
How does our principle fit with the rest of the Bible?
Analyze the literary and historical contexts.
Identify the overall story line for the book. Try to fit your narrative into the larger story.
Write out a statement of what the text meant to the biblical audience.
Do not ignore the OT meaning and simply zoom off into the NT.
5.
Does the NT
modify
the theological principle?
The meaning in this step should be
applicable to any NT believer
.
Grasp the text in our town
5.
Be as specific as possible.
Remember that there can be numerous individual applications of the theological principles.
Not every character is a hero and most characters exhibit both good and bad trait
Essential that we be able to discern good guys from bad guys
Bible deals with real life and real people. People are complex!
- It should be both
relevant

to both the biblical audience
and the contemporary
audience
- It should
not
be

culturally bound
- It should be
timeless

and not tied to a
specific situation
3 Sermon Keys
Connect the audience into the historical setting
- God acted in human history
- Make OT events real in
the lives of the audience
Stories communicate differently than essays do
OT stories have a theological purpose
- OT stories connect with us at the emotional
and intellectual level
- Pull your audience into the story by presenting
practical lessons (drawn from the narrative)
- The story plot will drive the main structure
of your sermon
- The goal is to impact lives with the
reality of God and his will for us
Narrative is a literary form with sequential action.
Narrative shows us how (not) to live by the
actions of the characters
.
Nearly half of the OT
Reading OT narratives is a lot like reading the Gospels
Search for the details
Exposition or setting
Conflict or crisis
Time
(When? Where?)
Backdrop of the story
Study “your” story in the
context
of the
surrounding stories
Full transcript