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AP Euro Review: 16th Century

AP Euro
by

Kristin Palomares

on 24 April 2012

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Transcript of AP Euro Review: 16th Century

16th Century Review
Political
Economic & Social
Religion & Philosophy
1500
1600
1550
1525
1575
1500
1600
1550
1525
1575
1500
1600
1550
1525
1575
1500
1600
1550
1525
1575
1500
1600
1550
1525
1575
Science & Technology
Arts & Letters
Charles V, HRE
Habsburg-Valois Wars
Phillip II of Spain
Revolt of the Netherlands
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
Henry IV of France
The Wars of Religion
Guise (catholic/north) vs. Bourbon (huguenot/south)
Henry II = last powerful Valois king
Francis II, Charles IX, Henry III
Catherine de Medici (plotted to use Guises to kill Coligny)
Gaspard de Coligny (Huguenot leader)
Catholic League vs. Protestant Union
Catherine de Medici supported Bourbons
Henry of Navarre = defeated Catholic League = Henry IV
Ended Spanish interference
Paris is worth a mass = politique
Edict of Nantes = Calvinists granted religious rights
Catholic
Controlled German states
Luther's trial = Diet of Worms = Edict of Worms
German Peasant Revolt = Peace of Augsburg
Austria vs. France
Sparked over Italy
Helped spread the Renaissance
Son of Charles
Great-grandparents were Isabelle and Ferdinand
Seized Portugal
Seized wealth from exploration
Standing army
Catholic
Spanish Armada defeated
El Escorial
AKA The Dutch Revolt
Spain (catholic/poor economy) vs. Netherlands (calvinist/prosperous middle class)
Spark = Philip II raised taxes & crushed protestantism = revolts = United Provinces of the Netherlands
Attempt to punish protestant England & Elizabeth I
Spain defeated
Consolidation of serfdom in eastern Europe
Magellan
Spain & Portugal gain Central & South America
German Peasant Revolt
"Time of Troubles" in Russia
Sparked by Power
Luther spoke out against them
Defeated by Princes
Portugal led way
Spanish under Pizarro conquer Peru and under Cortes conquer Mexico
Encomienda, Viceroyalities, mixed races (mestizo)
1st to circumnavigate the globe
Middle Passage
Triangular Trade
Atlantic Slave Trade
Columbian Exchange
Age of Exploration
Mercantilism
Favorable balance of trade
Roanoke
Sir Walter Raleigh
Disappeared
Treaty of Tordesillas
Sea Dogs
Sir Francis Drake
Famine killed 1/3 of population
Ended with the establishment of the Romanov family
Machiavelli, The Prince
More, Utopia
Luther, 95 Theses
Henry VIII of England breaks with Rome
Medici establish Ursuline order for education of women
Loyola & Jesuits
Calvin established theocracy in Geneva
Council of Trent
Peace of Augsburg
Official recognition of Lutheranism
Each prince declared the religion of his own state
Act of Restraint of Appeals
Act of Annates
Act of Supremacy
Predestination
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
Anabaptists
Justification by Faith Alone
Against indulgences
before = Holy Office
Pope Paul III
Investigated indulgences, approved Jesuits, and used Inquisition
Pilgrimage of Grace
Sparked by closing of monastaries
Knox
Zwingli
B.A.D.
Bible more authority
Advocated church reform
Denied pope had right to worldly power
Propagated by Jan Hus and John Wycliffe
Tetzel
Raise $ for St. Peter's Cathedral
Sold indulgences
Scotland
Presbyterian
baptize only those who were old enough to decide to be Christian
Switzerland
religious reformer
Serf = property
Scientific Revolution In Western Europe
Age of Exploration
caravel, astrolabe, better maps, sextant, compass
Copernicus
On The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies
Heliocentric Theory
Polish
Galileo
Kepler
Harvey
Tycho Brahe
Danish astronomer
Data used by future scientists
used Brahe's data
planets revolve in elliptical orbits
Italian
Built telescope
Starry Messenger (Jupiter 4 moons, sun dark spots, laws of motion)
Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Coperincun model, trial during inquisition, recanted beliefs, house arrest)
Bacon
Scientific Method / empiricism
Gutenberg
Printing Press
Blood circulation
Erasmus,
The Praise of Folly
Castiglione, The Courtier
Baroque
Shakespeare
Montaigne, Essays
Rubens
Velasquez
Rembrandt
Father of Humanism
made fun of church
Full transcript