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The Illiad: Battle Years

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Nathan Pugh

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of The Illiad: Battle Years

Gods and Goddesses
Major Characters- Mortals
Achilles- Most powerful of the Greek warriors.

Agamemnon- Leader of the Greek army. He is the brother of King Menelaus.

Chryseis- Daughter of Apollo’s priest

Hector- The son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba, and the brother of Paris. He is the greatest warrior in the Trojan army.

Protesilaus- First man to leap ashore.

Paris- Son of King Priam and Hecuba, brother of Hector.

Menelaus- King of Sparta, younger brother of Agamemnon.

Priam- The King of Troy married to Hecuba, father of Paris and Hector.

Helen - Wife of Menelaus. Thought to be the most beautiful woman in the ancient world.
Zeus- King of the gods and husband of Hera
Hera- Queen of the gods and Zeus' wife
Aphrodite- Goddess of Love and daughter of Zeus
Athena- The goddess of wisdom, battle, and the womanly arts; Zeus’s daughter.
Thetis- A sea-nymph and the devoted mother of Achilles
Apollo-A son of Zeus and twin brother of the goddess Artemis, Apollo is god of the sun and the arts, particularly music.
Poseidon- The brother of Zeus and god of the sea
Hephaestus-God of fire and husband of Aphrodite, Hephaestus is the gods’ metalsmith and is known as the lame or crippled god.
Artemis- Goddess of hunt, daughter of Zeus, and twin sister of Apollo
Ares- God of war and lover of Aphrodite
The Illiad: Battle Years
Contextual Mythology for the Odyssey Presentations
Matt Fannon
Malcolm Reynolds
Nathan Pugh

Background Information
Before the War:
Peleus and Thetis
Eris's apple of Discord
Athena, Aphrodite, Hera
Paris chooses Helen
Menalaus seeks revenge
Odysseus and Achilles
Greeks vs. Trojans
After the War:
Trojan Horse
Spoiler Alert: Greeks destroy Troy
Plot Points: What Happens
Greeks to Simois
Protesilaus off first
Hector, Priam vs. Achilles
Nine years
Chyrseis is trouble
Calchas knows: must appease Apollo
Achilles's Briseis is stolen
Thetis talks to Zeus
Zeus on team Troy
Major Battle
Helen watches
Paris vs. Menalaus
Paris saved by Aphrodite
Athena at Hera's prompting: War ends when Troy is destroyed
Thetis and Zeus
Aphrodite saves Paris
Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera fight over the golden apple, and get Paris to judge, then try to bribe him.
Paris chooses Aphrodite and is promised the most beautiful woman as his wife
The Greek kings are sworn to help save Helen, and attack Troy
Plot Summary

The Gods Take Sides
Excerpted from:
Hamilton, Edith Mythology.
New York: Little, Brown & Co, 1969
Full transcript