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Introduction to Serving LGBTQ Youth

Presented to FCC Staff February 2013
by

Marv Allen

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Introduction to Serving LGBTQ Youth

Introduction to Serving LGBTQ Youth
LGBTQ Youth Statistics
Definitions
CWLA
Best Practice Guidelines
Best Practice Guidelines: Serving LGBT Youth in Out-of-Home Care
Family Crisis Center Staff Training
February 2013

Scope of the 7 Guidelines
Address the practical needs of LGBT youth in out-of-home care
Grounded in youth development approach
Specifically discuss sexual orientation AND gender identity
Agencies should create and maintain an inclusive organizational culture where the inherent worth and dignity of every person is respected and in which every person is treated fairly.
Agencies should work with LGBT youth in the context of their families and support the development of permanent adult connections.
Agencies should promote positive adolescent development for LGBT youth.
Agencies should be careful to protect the confidentiality of LGBT youth.
Agencies should place LGBT youth in supportive family settings.
Agencies should ensure that LGBT youth in congregate care settings are safe and treated equitably.
Agencies should ensure LGBT youth receive quality health and educational services.
Objectives
Provide a basic overview of LGBTQ youth statistics, facts, and specific issues
Lay a foundation of terminology to help us talk about gender identity and sexual orientation
Understand the best practice guidelines for serving LGBT youth in out-of-home care
Introduce new LGBTQ Anti-Discrimination Policy
Link you to resources!
Isolation
80% of gay and bisexual youth report severe problems with cognitive, social, or emotional isolation (Youth Pride, Inc.)
50% of lesbian and gay youth report parental rejection because of their sexual orientation (Youth Pride, Inc.)
Depression
In a study on depression and gay youth, researchers found depression strikes gay youth four to five times more severely than their non-gay peers (Youth Pride, Inc.)
83% of respondents in YPI's 1998 health survey considered themselves depressed (Youth Pride, Inc.)
Homelessness
LGBTQ youth are overrepresented in foster care, juvenile detention, and among homeless youth (Pflagnyc.org)
65% of 400 homeless LGBTQ youth report having been in a child welfare placement at some point in the past (Youth Pride, Inc.)
26% of gay youth are forced to leave home or are kicked out because of their sexual identities (Advocates for Youth)
Many youth report experiencing abuse from both family members and in shelters (Youth Pride, Inc.)
Suicide
Gay and lesbian youth are 2-3 times more likely to attempt suicide than heterosexual young people (Youth Pride, Inc.)
As many as 1 in 3 gay and lesbian youth have attempted suicide (Youth Pride, Inc.)
* Highly rejected LGBT youth are:
8 times more likely to attempt suicide
6 times more likely to suffer from depression
3 times more likely to use illegal drugs
3 times more likely to contract HIV and STIs (Center for American Progress)
LGBTQ Youth of Color
Youth of color are impacted by homophobia and racism. Risk factors which are higher for LGBTQ youth than straight youth are even higher for LGBTQ youth of color (Advocates for Youth)
Refers to the gender(s) to whom a person is attracted. A heterosexual person is attracted to a person of the "opposite" gender, a gay or lesbian person is primarily attracted to the same gender, and a bisexual person to any gender. (LGBTQ, Queer, Omni/Pansexual, etc.)
Sexual Orientation
Gender Identity
This is the individual's innermost concept of self as a gendered being--what we perceive and call ourselves (i.e. man, woman, trans, etc.).
Assigned Gender
The declaration by doctors of what one's gender is based upon what one's genitalia appears to be. One is then expected to grow up and exist within a certain set of gender roles "appropriate" to one's assigned gender.
Cis Gender
A cis gender person is someone who identifies as the gender/sex they were assigned at birth. For example, your birth certificate says female and you identify as a female woman.
Gender
The socially constructed traits of male and female, masculine, feminine, androgynous, or other. Gender and sex are frequently used interchangeably, but some people make a distinction.
GenderQueer
A term which is used by some people who may or may not fit the spectrum of trans, or labeled as trans, but who identify their gender and sexual orientation to be outside the binary gender system, or culturally prescribed gender roles.
Biological Sex
Sometimes also referred to as chromosomal sex, this can be considered as out "packaging" and is determined by chromosomes, hormones, our reproductive organs, and external genitalia.
Coming Out
The process of self-identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and/or transgender (LGBT) or disclosing one's LGBT identity to others.
Outing
The practice of revealing someone else's sexual orientation, gender identity, or HIV status without his/her permission.
Transgender/Trans
This term refers to people who feel that the gender they were assigned at birth is misleading, incorrect or an incomplete description of themselves. They may identify and feel internally as the "opposite" sex or they may feel and identify as another gender altogether. Some of these individuals may or may not choose hormones, surgery, and/or legal name changes to allow them greater ability to express their gender identity externally.
Two-Spirit
An individual who has a hold on two spirit worlds. This term in an English translation of a concept present in some Native American cultures that an individual can express or exist in both masculine and feminine realms.
Transphobia
The fear or hatred of transgender, transsexual, or gender nonconforming people and the power to enforce that belief.
Ally
We refer to Allies as people who support this community by standing against the bullying and harassment of LGBT youth. Allies can be straight or cis gender identified youth and adults, or LGBT identified adults! Anyone can be an Ally!
Transition
A period during which a transgender person begins to live more fully as their true gender, which may include any combination of the following: alterations to dress, hormone therapy or SRS. After transitioning and surgery, some transsexuals identify only as a man or a woman.
Resources
Local Resources
Rainbow Alley/GLBT Center of Colorado
PFLAG
Gender Identity Center of Colorado
Equal Rights Colorado
Colorado Anti-Violence Program
TransAction

State and National Resources
Gay, Lesbian, Straight Education Network
Trevor Project (866 488 7386)
Human Rights Campaign
It Gets Better Project
References
Advocates for Youth, www.advocatesforyouth.org
Center for American Progress, www.americanprogress.org
The GLBT Center of Colorado
GLSEN, www.glsen.org
Wilber, S., Ryan, C., & Makersamer, J. (2006). CWLA Best Practices Guidelines. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.
Youth Pride, Inc. www.youthprideri.org
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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Anti Discrimination Policy
Family Crisis Center
Developed 2006
Updated 8/24/2012 by FCC Leadership Committee w/recommendations from the FCC Inclusivity Committee
Staff Training
Initial training w/in 3 months of hire
Yearly trainings of all staff
Staff Supports to LGBTQ Youth
All staff shall be safely approachable by LGBTQ youth
Regardless of personal beliefs, FCC staff are to observe all FCC policies and procedures
Management of Negative Youth Behavior
Use point sheets and level system
Address discriminatory behaviors and language at the same level as racial slurs
Gender Neutral Language
Staff will use gender neutral language and not assume that all youth at the FCC are heterosexual
Example: assuming a female client's significant other is maleA
Language Continued
Staff will use preferred names and pronouns when speaking with or about transgender and gender nonconforming youth
On shift reports, unit boards, and internal communication, use Chosen Name (Given Name)
Confidentiality
Only share information about LGBTQ identity with youth's permission
Appropriate professionals to share info if you have permission: GAL, parents and guardians, PO, SCW
Keep in mind that a youth's decision to be "out" may vary based on situation or setting
Safety concerns supersede confidentiality for all youth
Treatment, Programming, and Transition Planning
Cross-unit programming at FCC possible w/proper approval(s)
Next placement should be accepting of LGBTQ youth
Youth will be connected with resources
Youth will be assessed for needs at intake
Youth will be made aware of FCC program policies concerning discrimination
Youth Rights
All youth shall be treated in a respectful and non-discriminatory manner regardless of their sexual or gender identity
Youth will not be discriminated within the context of the FCC rules due to clothing issues
FCC Inclusivity Committee Members:
Marv Allen
Zoa Schescke
Amy Espinoza
Jessica Juarez
Lisa Saliman
Malory Peterson
Special Thanks to:
Nicole Young
Ed Charles0n
Full transcript