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Transcript of Daoism(Taoism)
Daoism focuses on Dao as a "way" or "path" that is, the appropriate way to behave and to lead others. Daoism also refers to Dao as something that existed "before Heaven and Earth." Generally speaking, there are two kinds of Daoism: philosophical and religious. Philosophical Daoism is rational and it accepts death as a natural returning to the Dao. Religious Daoism is magical and sectarian, and it emphasizes health and healing as ways to gain long life or even immortality. T'ai chi and the medical practice of Quigong are modern ways to achieve the way of the Dao.
A zaojing depicting a taijitu surrounded by the bagua.
A hall of warship
Where it influenced
Taoism was founded during the Zhou Dynasty at 550 B.C.E by Lao-Tzu. He wrote down his beliefs in a book called the Tao Te Ching.
There were 20,000,000 followers at the time, their headquarters was believed to be at the White Cloud Temple in Beijing.
Portrait of Lao-Tzu
Art and peotry
Throughout Chinese history there have been many examples of art being influenced by Taoist thought. Notable painters influenced by Taosim include Wu Wei, Huang Gongwang, Mi Fu, Muqi Fachang, Shitao, Ni Zan, T'ang Mi, and Wang Tseng-tsu. Taoist arts represents the diverse regions, dialects, and time spans that are commonly associated with Taoism. Ancient Taoist art was commissioned by the aristocracy, however scholars masters and adepts also directly engaged in the art themselves.
Relations with other religions and philosophies
Many scholars believe Taoism arose as a countermovement to Confucianism.The philosophical terms Tao and De are indeed shared by both Taoism and Confucianism, Laozi is traditionally held to have been a teacher of Confucius. Zhuangzi explicitly criticized Confucianist and Mohist tenets in his work. In general, Taoism rejects the Confucianist emphasis on rituals, hierarchical social order, and conventional morality, and favors naturalness, spontaneity, and individualism instead.
There are 4 main texts, Yijing, Tao Ti Ching, Zhuangzi and Daozang.
Yijing, was originally a divination system that had its origins around 1150 B.C. It first mentions Dao as an organized system of philosophy and religious practice
Daodejing is widely considered the most influential Taoist text. According to legend, it was written by Laozi.
Zhuangzi, is a composite of writings from various sources, and is considered one of the most important texts in Taoism.
The Daozang is also referred to as the Taoist canon. It was originally compiled during the Jin, Tang, and Song dynasties.