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The Five Philosophies of Education

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Chelsea Johnson

on 27 September 2018

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Transcript of The Five Philosophies of Education

Social Reconstructionism
Founded by Theodore Brameld
Is a very controversial method because it's based on ethics
Ethics of Care
Founded by Nel Noddings
Focuses on teaching ethical behavior through encouraging them to live ethically as they learn and develop
This method encourages appreciation of art or preferred subjects and being curious. There are no artificial standards, so students learn at their own pace. It does not focus on standardized testing or tests on paper. There is lots of project based learning that holds less pressure.
Role of the Teacher
Teachers are to act as guides and be encouraging to their students in the areas they are most interested in and curious about in order to promote a love of learning and a complete understanding of a subject.
The Five Philosophies of Education
Founded by John Dewey
Encourages students to learn about the subjects they are interested in
Chelsea Johnson
Founded by William Bagley
A basic form of teaching and integrating morals and values into education
Very similar to perrenialism but with more current subject matter
It is a teacher based learning because they choose the curriculum from information that has been deemed unchanging and vital.
Role of the Teacher
provide professional educational services in a nondiscriminatory way
keep kids from harmful situations
Role of the Student
to be respectful
not to disturb other’s learning
Role of the Student
Students are to be active learners through investigation and experimentation in hands on activities. They are taught to follow through and learn about their curiosities by asking questions and discussing with their friends.
Pros & Cons of Progressivism
Progressivism is positive because it encourages children to explore their areas of interest and their curiosities. However, it also can put children behind because it does not focus on all subjects and could potentially not provide a well rounded education.
Student & Teacher Roles
Students are expected to sit quietly and listen in order to learn through text book driven lectures. Teachers are to imbed basic subjects and do so in a lecture manner.
Pros & Cons of Social Reconstructionism
It is positive because it teaches children to think about their actions and the effects they have. However, it can also be viewed as pushing certain views onto children, which many parents would not approve of.
Pros & Cons of Ethics of Care
This method is positive because it focuses on caring for the child and making them feel loved and understood while also teaching them to be the same way when it comes to their peers. However, the method can also be negative because students could take advantage of an overly kind teacher and subject matter can be less of a focus.
Pros & Cons of Perrenialism
The positives are that the method brings order and teaches definite facts and proven information, thus knowledge is almost a definite outcome. However, children won't be competitive in the modern world due to their lack of technological knowledge.
Pros & Cons of Essentialism
This method is positive because it provides a good focus and background on core subjects. However, it is a rigid teaching method and discourages interest in the arts.
The student's basic needs must be met by making them feel loved and understood. It is important that they feel a part of a group, so the way that the teachers act and care for a child affects how they learn and grow.
Founded by Mortimer Alder
Very structured manner of teaching; an older method of teaching
Focuses on books, art, and religion for learning but not for appreciation
Deems extra curricular activities and technology unnecessary
Student & Teacher Roles
Students are not to speak out of turn and are to sit quietly and learn the information being taught
Teachers have a strict role and are very rigid about what they teach
Student & Teacher Roles
Students are encouraged to think critically and are to challenge their thoughts and feelings on a matter.
Teachers are both educators and social activists, a tool in problem solving, and are to teach students how to identify social problems in order to make a generation of problem solvers.
Aesthetics, Logic, Epistemology, & Ethics
Focuses on the beauty in leading
Is used to guide their learning and thought processes
Takes societal issues and implements them into the classroom to shape problem solving
Creates a better society through the THINK method (is it TRUE, HARMFUL, ILLEGAL, NECESSARY, KIND)
Teachers believe that social norms from around the world should be incorporated into the classroom. It is more open to technological involvement, but is focused on reading, writing, math, and science. It does not encourage art and extracurriculars because they are deemed unessential.
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