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North Korea

North Korea being isolated nation has a background.
by

Tinatini Nikvashvili

on 25 October 2010

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Transcript of North Korea

North Korea had Bad realtionship with it's neighbors. It isolated itself by stopping trade nuclear power was the only way to defend itself against enemeis it had no western influence In some important ways, North Korea's hostile and suspicious attitude toward the outside world is a continuation of Korea's long tradition of isolation, seclusion, and defensiveness against external threats. Entire it's history North Korea tried to maintain its culture and indepandance after ts neighbors invasions. China Japan and russia fought for the power in North korea but Japan succeeded and Japanese colonial rule started in North Korea. in After devastating invasions from Japan at the end of the 16th century, Korea became extremely isolated, allowing few foreigners to enter Korea and even fewer Koreans to leave. Korea's official contact with the outside world was confined to three or four diplomatic exchanges a year with China and very limited trade with Japanese merchants. Europeans and Americans who encountered Korean resistance to foreign influences in the 19th century nicknamed the country the "Hermit Kingdom." during japaneses colonial rule (1910-1945) north Korea went through brutal periods. Then, immediately after the end of colonial rule, North Korea underwent a Stalinist revolution under Soviet occupation between 1945 and 1948. The Soviet Union was also a closed, isolated, suspicious society. Thus, North Korea is the heir to these three illiberal systems -- Korean monarchy, Japanese colonialism, and Soviet communism -- and has had virtually no exposure to Western liberal influences. North Korea had only two Korean rulers The Korean War reinforced North Korea's hostile attitude toward the United States. North Korea was devastated by American bombing. Every major city was flattened; in the capital, Pyongyang, only one building was left standing at the end of the war. As many as two million North Koreans -- 20 percent of the population -- died in the war. During the war most North Korean citizens were forced to live underground to escape the bombing. The North Koreans also feared that the U.S. would use nuclear weapons against it, and the U.S. considered dropping atomic bombs on North Korea in the spring of 1951. In the early 1990s, both China and Russia stopped giving North Korea oil at subsidized prices, which badly hurt the North Korean economy. Also for many years North Korea felt deeply threatened by South Korea, which has a much larger population, a much more developed economy and a much more modern army than the North. South Korea is also alies with the United States, as is Japan, Korea's historical enemy. But despite its grave difficulties, North Korea is still a tightly controlled society with a strong sense of its right to self-defense. Up to now, thanks in part to the careful control of information in and out of North Korea, there has been little if any sign of internal dissent. There is no reason to doubt that North Korea, if attacked, would fight back with fierce determination. North Korea lived under a constant threat of war since the 1950s. It always experienced the threat of attack from the Americans and the danger of revived Japanese militarism. This modern state of insecurity is built upon an older history of colonialism and traditional isolation to create an attitude of profound suspicion of the outside world. The collapse of the Soviet Union and other communist states made North Korea even more isolated, and also contributed to economic disaster and famine in the 1990s. From North Korea's perspective, it is surrounded by enemies or, at best, untrustworthy "friends". This has reinforced North Korea's attitude of self-reliance or Juche. It may also be a reason that North Korea feels possessing nuclear weapons is the best way for it to defend itself.
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