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Tuberculosis

Due April 5, 2013 (Friday)
by

Shelby Morgan

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Tuberculosis

What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis is bacterial disease usually affecting the lungs (pulmonary TB). Other parts of the body can also be affected, for example lymph nodes, kidneys, bones, joints, etc. (extrapulmonary TB). Approximately 1,300 cases are reported each year in New York State When did it all begin? Tuberculosis began in 17th century X-Ray of tuberculosis
in the lungs. Up to 25 percent of deaths in Europe were caused by this disease. Primary pulmonary TB
(Structural Abnormalities)
1. Night sweats
2. Poor Appetite
3. Weakness
4. Fever
5. Dry Cough
6. Weight loss
7. Gastrointestinal symptoms Tuberculous pleuritis
(Chest Pains)
1. Fever
2. Dry Cough Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis
1. Gastrointestinal symptoms
*Common sites*
>Meninges<
>Lymph Nodes<
>Bone and joint sites<
>Genitourinary Tract< Return of dormant tuberculosis
1. poor appetite
2. Night Sweats
3. Fever
4. Weight loss
5. Cough with increasing mucus<
6. Coughing up blood< Miliary Tuberculosis
1. Poor Appetite
2. Fever
3. Weakness
4. Weight loss Treatment of Tuberculosis Most common medicine for Active Tuberculosis - Isoniazid (INH) Rifampin (RIF) Ethambutol Pyrazinamide It was the cause of more deaths in industrialized countries than any other disease during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Diagnosis of Tuberculosis In the early 1900's the x-ray, discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in 1895, this became widely used as a diagnosis tool. Healthcare providers typically inject a substance called tuberculin under the skin of the forearm Skin Diagnosis for Tuberculosis If a red welt forms around the injection site within 72 hours, the person may have been infected This doesn't necessarily mean they have active tuberculosis People who may test positive on the tuberculin test include : + People with previous exposure to tuberculosis bacteria
+ Some people exposed to a bacteria similar to the TB bacteria
+ Some people born outside the United States, who were vaccinated with the TB vaccine in other countries It may be suspected by symptoms they have or their medical history. Healthy Infected Spreading Tuberculosis is caused by
a bacterium called
Mycobacterium tuberculosis It is believed to have been present in humans for thousands of years. Skeletal remains show that prehistoric humans (4000 BC) had tuberculosis, and tubercular decay has been found in the spines of Egyptian mummies (3000-2400 BC). Who created Sanatoriums? In 1854, a patient of TB, Hermann Brehmer, proposed the idea that tuberculosis was indeed a curable disease. His doctor advised him to move to a healthier climate, so he spent some time in the Himalayas and came home cured. What are Sanatoriums?
A place where patients could get plenty of fresh air and good nutrition Sanatoriums, now found throughout Europe and the United States, provided a dual function:

*They isolated the sick (the source of infection) from the general population,
*They forced the patients to rest
* They forced patients to eat healthy foods
* And they forced patients to live a regimented hospital life Talking Deaths 2 - 3 million people die of tuberculosis every year 17th - 18th century TB killed 1 in 5 adults 1850 - 1950 one billion people had disappeared from the world. Every 5 minutes 16 people die from Tuberculosis, 80 fall ill with Tuberculosis, and 800 will become infected with Tuberculosis powerpoint made by someone http://www.ascls-nj.org/Session%20Handouts/Spring-2011/Tuberculosis%20-%20Progress%20and%20Challenges.pdf Video http://www.dnatube.com/video/512/Transmission-of-Pulmonary-Tuberculosis Breathing Coughing Spitting Sneezing Laughing Tuberculosis "consumption" "Wasting disease" "Koch's Disease" "The White Plague" "Phthisis" Place for people who had TB (1:41) (63 slides)
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