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HIV/AIDS

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by

Logan Hernandez

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of HIV/AIDS

AIDS
A person is considered to have AIDS after their CD4 Cell count drops below 200
Diagnosis
You can be tested for HIV/AIDS by using an HIV test.
Early Symptoms
40% to 50% of people have flu-like symptoms within the first few months
How the Disease is Spread
You can contract HIV/AIDS by having unsafe sex or by coming in contact with diseased cells
Gay Black Men
Homosexual African men create the biggest percentage of HIV victims.
African Americans make up 12% of the U.S. patients and Blacks make up 44% of the worldwide patients
HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
Logan Hernandez
&
Spencer (Dizzle) Murray
Health Period 3
DUE: December 2
HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS is a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
HIV (Human immunodeficiency Virus) affects every nation of the world
AIDS is the later stage of HIV
Many HIV tests use either blood or urine samples
The ELISA test can detect HIV/AIDS faster that any other test can
Sometimes symptoms don't appear for years!
Late Symptoms
“The infections include: pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis, which causes wheezing or dry cough;
brain infection with toxoplasmosis which can cause trouble thinking or symptoms that mimic a stroke;
widespread infection with a bacteria called MAC (Mycobacterium avium complex) which can cause fever and weight loss;
yeast infection of the swallowing tube (esophagus), which causes pain with swallowing;
widespread diseases with certain fungi like histoplasmosis, which can cause fever, cough, anemia, and other problems.
A weakened immune system can also lead to other unusual conditions:
Lymphoma (a form of cancer of the lymphoid tissue) in the brain, which can cause fever and trouble thinking
A cancer of the soft tissues called Kaposi's sarcoma, which causes brown, reddish, or purple spots that develop on the skin or in the mouth.”
Quoted from Maryan Tran on news-medical.net
Infected Worldwide
50,000 men and women are diagnosed each year
About 1,155,792 people in the U.S. alone had HIV/AIDS in 2010
HIV
HIV is the first form of AIDS
Origin
The first strain of HIV-1 can be traced back to the 1920's
It first appeared what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
Railroad
After HIV reached Kinshasa, it followed the rails
It soon became widespread, however, it was uncommon
Chimps were the first carriers of the virus
Infection
In the 1960's the infection levels started rising rapidly due to an increase in prostitution
It became widespread and common
the HIV test detects antibodies or genetic material of HIV in the blood
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a test used to detect HIV before any of the other tests
A Western blot test is done to confirm the results of two positive ELISA tests.
The test is repeated to confirm the diagnosis
HIV Testing
1. What comes first AIDS or HIV?
2. Where did HIV first originate? Gay people or chimps?
3. You are classified to have AIDS when what drops below a certain #?What is that #?
4. What type of stoner is likely to get AIDS? A crack head or heroine addict?
5. What kind of person is most likely to get AIDS?
Quiz
It followed the river to the town of Kinshasa
The virus followed the hunter down the Sangha river, following the rubber-ivory trade
Sometime before the first world war, a hunter was the first to be infected
He most likely came in contact with monkey blood
First Blood
Sources
news-medical.net
Condoman: www.moneyandshit.com/condoman/
Ape: en.gtwallpaper.com/fondecran/singes/singe_05.jpg
Life Saver: www.jgzyw.com/shejizhichuang/guanggaosheji/01/3679_17.html
www.cdc.gov/hiv
www.aids.gov

Ape noises: Ape
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