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Ban Animal Testing
Transcript of Ban Animal Testing
Ban Animal Testing
Animal research has been used for several centuries as part of efforts to better understand the world around us.
Estimates it could be as high as 115,000,000 animals per year.
5.75 million animals; ONE NEW DRUG!
Research can be done effectively without experimenting on living creature
As experimenting on animals is immoral we should stop using animals for experiments.
Science and technology has moved faster than research protocols however, there is no longer a need for animals to be experimented on.
We would still retain all the benefits that previous animal research has brought us but should not engage in any more. Thus modern research has no excuse for using animals
Would send a positive social message, increasing animal welfare rights more generally in society
Most countries have laws restricting the ways in which animals can be treated
Legal exceptions such as the 1986 Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act in the UK exist to protect these organisations, from what would otherwise be a criminal offense.
If states are serious about persuading people against cock fighting, dancing bears, and the simple maltreatment of pets and farm animals, then such goals would be enhanced by a more consistent legal position about the treatment of animals by everyone in society.
Animals involved in animal research are mostly well treated.
The vast majority of animals used in research are not subjected to suffering.
Where there may be pain, they are given painkillers, and when they are euthanized it is done humanely.
They are looked after well, as the health of the animals is usually not only required by law and good practice, but beneficial for the experimental results.
Many of these animals live better lives than they might have done had they been born into the wild.
Animal shares our anatomical, physiological, and behavioural characteristics is surely likely to have feelings like us
If we accept as true for sake of argument, that all humans have a right not to be harmed, simply by virtue of existing as a being of moral worth, then we must ask what makes animals so different
Animals have a right not to be harmed
Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. c14. [online] London: HMSO. Available at: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1986/14/pdfs/ukpga_19860014_en.pdf
Bateson, 1986. When to experiment on animals, New Scientist, vol 109, pp.30-32, http://www.umces.edu/sites/default/files/pdfs/oraa/BatesonPaper.pdf
Cohen C. The case for the use of animals in biomedical research. New England Journal of Medicine 1986; 315: 865-70. (Classic defence of biomedical research with animals). http://sites.google.com/site/aphilosopher/cohen.pdf
Derbyshire S. Time to abandon the three Rs. The Scientist 2006; 20(2): 23. http://classic.the-scientist.com/2006/2/1/23/1/
Derbyshire SWG. Asessing Pain in Animals The Senses: A Comprehensive Reference, Vol. 5. C. Bushnell, A. Basbaum (eds), San Diego: Academic Press, 2008; 969-974. (Attached). http://www.elsevierdirect.com/brochures/thesenses/overview.html
Frey, R. G. Interests and Rights, (Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1980 Kleinig, T., Valuing Life, (Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1991)
Hills, A. Do Animals Have Rights? (Cambridge: Icon Books, 2005)
Lee E. Animal Experiments: Good or Bad? Hodder & Stoughton, 2002. (Useful overview of arguments for and against).
Mogil JS, Davis KD, Derbyshire SWG. The necessity of animal models in pain research Pain 2010; 151: 12-17 (attached). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304395910004379
Regan T. Defending animal rights. University of Illinois Press, 2001. (Defends animals as an end in themselves, i.e., a deontological rather than utilitarian approach) there is a preview of this on google books so some of it is accessible online http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=NNPYOWKvAp4C&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false