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The Elements of Art and Principles of Design

The Language of Art: Visual Symbolism and Organization in Art

Brie Livingston

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of The Elements of Art and Principles of Design

The Language of Art:
Visual Symbolism and Organization The Elements of Art and Principles of Design The Elements of Art are known as the
visual building blocks for all artworks.
Every artwork, with no exception,
contains one or more of these elements. Line The Elements of Art The dot that went for a walk... Shape Form All objects are either shapes or forms. Geometric Shape Space Positive and Negative Space The Elements
of Art: Line
Texture The Principles of Design: Emphasis
Variety "The path of a moving point through space." Line in art can be used to define the edges of shapes, create values, imply movement, and divide space. Types of lines: outlines line pattern contour line expressive line implied lines Sometimes elements are difficult to separate from one another. Shape and Form Color Light and Shadow How did Van Gogh use Texture? Value Texture Sometimes called TONE, value refers to light and dark light/dark, shadow/highlight hatching cross-hatching Atmospheric Perspective Value is directly related to CONTRAST. Texture describes surface or tactile qualities Shape: A closed, 2-dimensional area defined by an outline, color, value, or texture.

Form: Objects having 3-dimensions.
LENGTH, WIDTH, and DEPTH Space Space: The area between, around, above, below, or within objects. This space can be 2-D or 3-D. Organic Shape Linear Perspective and Physical Space Derived from reflected light... What elements were used to create emphasis in Edward Hopper's Nighthawks? Emphasis:
Using contrasting elements to draw attention
to a focal point. Proportion:
Size relationship from one point to another.

Size measured against a standard reference. Unity Balance:
equalizing visual elements Harmony
creates unity by emphasizing similarities of separate but related parts. Variety:
Principle concerned with difference or contrast. A sense of wholeness/oneness
created by the elements of art. Rhythm and Movement:

Visual rhythm is perceived through repetition of elements, moving the viewer's eye around the piece. Repetition and Pattern:

Elements used multiple times within an artwork.
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