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THE GREAT GATSBY

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Justin Ooi

on 22 August 2013

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Transcript of THE GREAT GATSBY

Imagery is used all over this chapter. It's used to give the reader a good visualization of the party.
pg 45 (last paragraph) "At least once a fortnight a corps of caterers came down with several hundred feet of canvas and enough colored lights to make a Christmas tree of Gatsby’s enormous garden. On buffet tables, garnished with glistening hors-d’oeuvre, spiced baked hams crowded against salads of harlequin designs and pastry pigs and turkeys bewitched to a dark gold. In the main hall a bar with a real brass rail was set up, and stocked with gins and liquors and with cordials so long forgotten that most of his female guests were too young to know one from another."




Imagery
THE GREAT GATSBY
(Chapter 3)
Jordan Baker enjoyed going to Gatsby's party and whilst attending one, becomes reacquainted with Nick.
She takes Nick around the party inviting him to conversations.
Nick eventually felt like he loved her but rethinks his feelings.
He discovers that "she is incurably dishonest" pg 64 (3rd last sentence)
"When we were on a house-party together up in Warwick, she left a borrowed car out in the rain with the top down, and then lied about it" pg 64 (mid page)
"She had moved her ball from a bad lie in the semi-final round"
Jordan Baker
Nick Carraway
At the start of the Chapter, Nick observes Gatsby's parties from his home next door.
Careful in almost every situation: At the party, with people and with Jordan.
Nick in Chapter 3 is invited to Gatsby's grand party and finds out that he is the ONE OF THE ONLY FEW invited amongst a horde of guests who attend the party despite not getting an invitation. pg 47(2nd paragraph) "I believe that on the first night I went to Gatsby’s house I was one of the few guests who had actually been invited. People were not invited — they went there."
Nick is intrigued by the exclusivity of his invitation, or lack thereof, and begins discover from others about his host.
Eventually he meets Gatsby for a moment not knowing it was him.
Sees Gatsby as an important man with all the important calls from several states coming to him.
Nick also ponders on his feelings for Jordan but he quickly rethinks them: pg 64 (a little lower from the start of second paragraph) "Then it was something more. I wasn’t actually in love, but I felt a sort of tender curiosity."
Jay Gatsby
Despite the outrageous rumors about him, Gatsby showed in this chapter to be nothing near to what the rumors said of him to be.
Meets Nick for the first time in person unaware that Nick had no idea he was Gatsby.
Gatsby Invites Nick to ride with him on the hydroplane..
Owl Eyes
A middle -aged drunkard whom Nick and Jordan stumbles upon in Gatsby's library.
Was fascinated at the fact that Gatsby's books were real. He was probably skeptical of Gatsby's authenticity.
Later on he crashes his car before admitting he was a bad driver when leaving the party *
The character of Owl Eyes is suspected to be symbolic. *
Owl Eyes seem to throw hints of the story all the time. (more to follow) *
'Rumors about Gatsby' pg.50 (A little below the top of page)
Throughout the party, Nick hears of the numerous rumors said about Gatsby. Having not met the man before, he was certainly interested in knowing more about him.
“Somebody told me they thought he killed a man once.”
“...it’s more that he was a German spy during the war. I heard that from a man who knew all about him, grew up with him in Germany, he assured us positively."
“Oh, no,” said the first girl, “it could’nt be that, because he was in the American army during the war.”
Dancing symbolizes the joy of those who were, during the 1920's, enjoying the booming economy.
It also symbolizes the fulfillment of the American Dream.
Pg 52 (last paragraph) - Pg 53 "There was dancing now on the canvas in the garden; old men pushing young girls backward in eternal graceless circles, superior couples holding each other tortuously, fashionably, and keeping in the corners — and a great number of single girls dancing individualistically or relieving the orchestra for a moment of the burden of the banjo or the traps."
Frame Story
pg 62 (2nd last paragraph) "Reading over what I have written so far, I see I have given the impression that the events of three nights several weeks apart were all that absorbed me."
At this point Nick pulls out of the story for a brief moment.
Dancing
Stylistic Devices
Remember OWL EYES?
Questions: Why the focus on his Owlish eyes? Why was he so curious to find the authenticity of the books? And why the did Fitzgerald write the part about the car crash at the party which eventually revealed that Old Eyes was part of it? *
Important quote explained
pg 54 (last paragraph) "He had one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or five times in life. It faced, or seemed to face, the whole external world for an instant and then concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor. It understood you just as far as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe in yourself."
This passage occurs in Chapter 3 as part of Nick’s first close examination of Gatsby’s character and appearance. This description of Gatsby’s smile captures both the theatrical quality of Gatsby’s character and his charisma. Additionally, it encapsulates the manner in which Gatsby appears to the outside world.
Symbolism
Luxury attracts the materialistic.
The shallow acquaintances of Gatsby were never his true friends—the only used him for his lavish generosity. The countless people who attend his parties, ride on his hydroplane and in his car, and drink his alcohol.
"men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars." pg 45 (second sentence)

Themes
The gap between perception and reality.
At the party, as he looks through Gatsby’s books, Owl Eyes states that Gatsby has captured the effect of theater, a kind of mingling of honesty and dishonesty that characterizes Gatsby’s approach to this dimension of his life. The party itself is a kind of elaborate theatrical presentation, and Owl Eyes suggests that Gatsby’s whole life is merely a show, believing that even his books might not be real.
Atmosphere
CURIOSITY:
The atmosphere in this chapter is one of curiosity. Curiosity floods the minds of Nick, Jordan, Owl Eyes and a few other guests over the mystery that is Gatsby.
As the rumors continued within the conversation: pg 50 (7th line): "A thrill passed over all of us. The three Mr. Mumbles bent forward and listened eagerly."
pg 55 (a little above the last paragraph) “However, I don’t believe it.”“Why not?” “I don’t know,” she insisted, “I just don’t think he went there.”Something in her tone reminded me of the other girl’s “I think he killed a man,” and had the effect of stimulating my curiosity." - Curiosity on Gatsby continues!
Nick also ponders on his feelings for Jordan but he quickly rethinks them: pg 64 (a little lower from the start of second paragraph) "Then it was something more. I wasn’t actually in love, but I felt a sort of tender curiosity."
Setting
The majority of this chapter (pages 39-56) is set in Gatsby's mansion on a summer evening of the 1920s.
The reader can determine this even from the first line of the chapter: pg45 "There was music from my neighbors house through the summer nights."
Chapter 3 is highly regarded as a perfect example of the recklessness of the "Roaring Twenties." It features one of Jay Gatsby's wild parties during which he, again, tries to attract Daisy to his house across the bay.
Summary
Nick is invited to Gatsby's mansion party which had guests by the multitudes. Having not met Gatsby, he grows curious about him through the rumors. His party is almost unbelievably luxurious. Nick runs into Jordan Baker. They stumble upon a middle-aged man (whom Nick dubs Owl Eyes) who sits poring over the authentic books in Gatsby’s library. Later on Jay Gatsby introduces himself. Nick finally meets Gatsby and discovers the AWESOMENESS of him. While conversing Gatsby abruptly receives a call from Philadelphia. Nick waits for Gatsby and then finds him again. Nick is then invited for a ride on Gatsby's hydroplane with him for the next day. Nick agrees, says goodbye and heads home. On his way, he sees Owl Eyes struggling to get his car out of a ditch. Owl Eyes and another man climb out of the wrecked automobile, and Owl Eyes drunkenly declares that he washes his hands of the whole business.
By Naidy Phoon & Justin Ooi
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Related fact: Insects went to a light source only for the heat. Once the light is switched off, they leave.
pg 45 (2nd sentence) "In his blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars."
pg 45 (above mid page) "On week-ends his Rolls-Royce became an omnibus, bearing parties to and from the city between nine in the morning and long past midnight, while his station wagon scampered like a brisk yellow bug to meet all trains."
Again the simile to insects.
Simile
Nick's feelings for Jordan
Pg 64 (paragraph 2) - Pg 66 (end of chapter) is almost entirely devoted to Nick's thoughts about Jordan
There is something Jordan Baker but...
Nick here is careful with his feelings for Jordan.
pg 64(1st quarter of 2nd paragraph) "Then it was something more. I wasn’t actually in love, but I felt a sort of tender curiosity."
Pg 65 (1st quarter of last paragraph) "I thought I loved her. But I am slow-thinking and full of interior rules that act as brakes on my desires"
...But she is dishonest!
pg 64 (last bit) "She was incurably dishonest. She wasn’t able to endure being at a disadvantage and, given this unwillingness, I suppose she had begun dealing in SUBTERFUGES when she was very young in order to keep that cool, insolent smile turned to the world and yet satisfy the demands of her hard, jaunty body."
pg 65 (2nd chapter) "It made no difference to me. Dishonesty in a woman is a thing you never blame deeply — I was casually sorry, and then I forgot."
Deceit used to achieve one's goal
Allusion
Owl Eyes, while fascinated at the authenticity of the books, refers to Gatsby as a regular Belasco piece of work:
pg52 (3rd para)“See!” he cried triumphantly. “It’s a bona-fide piece of printed matter. It fooled me. This fella’s a regular Belasco."
David Belasco (July 25, 1853 – May 14, 1931) was an American theatrical producer, impresario, director and playwright.
THANK YOU OLD SPORTS!
Naidy Phoon
&
Justin Ooi
Was Jordan lying about her never meeting Gatsby??
pg51 (mid page) "We got up, and she explained that we were going to find the host: I had never met him, she said, and it was making me uneasy."
But four pages later, she tells Nick that Gatsby once told her he was an oxford man. : pg55 (mid page) "“Who is he?” I demanded.“Do you know?” “He’s just a man named Gatsby. “Where is he from, I mean? And what does he do? “Now you’re started on the subject,” she answered with a wan smile. “Well, he told me once he was an Oxford man.”"
Pay attention to Nick's judgements. What do they reveal about his character that he does this?
-Nick judges the guests of Gatsby's party although he is not there to experience the party himself. He says that they are from "the same crowd" and all "acted the same".
Nick thinks that he is one of the few honest person he has met. Why?

- This is because he is constantly surrounded by dishonest people; people having affairs left and right, lying about their so called "wealth"
Why does Fitzgerald reveal rumors rather than facts about Gatsby?
- He does this because he wants the readers to wonder about Gatsby, hence causing them to read deeply into his actions as Gatsby is a mysterious character.
“Old sport” is an English term of endearment. Gatsby uses it constantly throughout the novel to bring attention to the short time he spent studying in Oxford (since Oxford is considered a school strictly for “old money”, and Gatsby desperately wants to fit in). But the phrase “old sport” isn’t something that any English person would actually; similar to how Irishmen don’t say “Top o' the mornin'”.
The phrase "old sport"
Speculation: Owls are popularly known to be the symbols of wisdom and even symbols of death.
His interest to find out about the books in the Library draws the reader to wonder more about Gatsby, giving a hint to the reader that Gatsby was not all that authentic. You could say he had the wisdom to smell a fraud.
One could also speculate that owls' ability to see in darkness is a symbol of Owl Eyes' ability to see the flaws of Gatsby.
pg 61 (slightly above the middle of the page) Also, notice that it was Owl Eyes who crashed the car and later even denied his mistake by saying: “You don’t understand,” explained the criminal. “I wasn’t driving. There’s another man in the car.” *
Possible explanations
Full transcript