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Transcript of Tulum, Mexico
history of tulum
The earliest date found in the site is A.D. 564 , an signed on a stelae Tulum was the primary location for the Maya’s extensive trade network with both maritime and land routes converging here.Archeologists found copper rattles and rings from the Mexican highlands flint and ceramics from the Yucatán, and jade from Guatemala. Tulum was the place for international trade and responsible for the distribution of goods into the Yucatan through Coba, Chichen Itza and connecting settlements. Tulum was thought to also be a religious center for priests with the walls protecting the sacred leaders. Archaeologists have evidence that the population was killed off by the Spaniards when they introduced Old World diseases into the area as a way to destroy the native population. Tulum remained inhabited about 70 years after the thzt, when it was finally abandoned. Local Maya continued to visit the temples to burn incense and pray until the late 20th century.
what is one of the explorers names?
How it got its name
In the Yucatec language Tulum means what?
Constructed in 1200 AD, there are three key structures in tulum. El Castillo, the Temple of the Frescoes, and the Temple of the Descending God are the three most famous buildings. the Temple of the Frescoes that included a lower gallery and a smaller second story gallery. The Temple of the Frescoes was used as an observatory for tracking the movements of the sun. Figurines of the Maya diving god or Venus deity decorate the face of the temple. This “diving god” is also shown in the Temple of the Diving God in the central pof the site. Above the entrance in the western wall a stucco figure of the “diving god” is still preserved giving the temple its name.
In the Yucatec language, Tulum means “wall”, referring to the large cliffs that surrounds the city. In the Mayan language.“Tulum” is the name given to the city by explorers Stephens and Catherwood in 1841. Stephens and Catherwood visited Tulum just before the beginning of the Caste War in 1847, ages after the city was deserted. Their visit to Tulum is explained in their famous book “Incidents of Travel in Yucatan”. It is important to note that Juan José Gálvez is actually credited with Tulum’s rediscovery in 1840.
stephens and catherwood
when was tulum constructed?