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Yeri pa aksham (pa inglish)

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Lingwa dePlaneta

on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of Yeri pa aksham (pa inglish)

Yeri pa aksham
me zai lekti un kitaba
e
findi in it
un syao bat
om un gro-interes-ney jen
Introduction to Lidepla
Let's make a real Lidepla sentence. It's easy!
(zwo-worda = "to do - word")
Verbs in Lidepla convey a general meaning of the action. They never change their form. Special particles are used to specify tense or aspect when necessary.
Verb
Some Lidepla verbs:
lekti [ lEkti ] - to read
skribi [skrIbi] - to write
lerni [lErni] - to learn
shwo [shwO] - to say, to speak
jivi [jIvi] - to live
lubi [lUbi] - to love
(to) read
Personal pronouns
(inplas-kwo-worda = "instead of - what - word")
me -
I, me
nu -
we, us
yu -
you
lu -
he, him
ela -
she, her
it -
it
li -
they, them
They can be placed:
before a verb (as a subject)
Me lubi. - I love.
after a verb (as an object)
Me lubi yu. - I love you.
after a preposition
Me shwo om yu. - I talk about you.
Personal pronouns don't change their form.
Additional pronouns
ta - he or she (about a person or any living creature)
Doga? Ta es hir. - The dog? It is here.
oni - they, one (indefinite pronoun)
Oni shwo ke ... - They say (one says) that...
swa - oneself
Lu shwo sol om swa. - He talks only about himself.
(a) book (-s)
Nouns
(kwo-worda = "what - word")
Nouns convey a general meaning. When denoting an object, the word itself doesn't involve the idea of number. It's usually quite clear from the context, but if you need to specify, you are welcome to use words like "un" (one), "pluri" (some), "mucho" (many) and also plural ("pluri-forma").
Some Lidepla nouns
jen [jen] - (a) person(-s)
munda [mUnda] - world
surya [sUrya] - sun
dom [dom] - house, home
kitaba [kitAba] - (a) book (-s)
one
Numerals
(kwanto-worda = "how much - word")
un -
one
dwa -
two
tri -
three
char -
four
pet -
five
sit -
six
sem -
seven
ot -
eight
nin -
nine
shi -
ten
shi-un -
eleven
shi-dwa -
twelve

dwashi -
twenty
trishi-pet -
thirty five

sto -
hundred
dwasto -
two hundred

mil -
thousand
nul -
zero
un kitaba -
one book
dwa kitaba -
two books

tri jen -
three people

mucho jen -
many people
shao kitaba -
few books
Nouns don't change their form when used with numerals
(continuous
marker)
lekti -
(to) read
zai lekti -
be reading
ve lekti
- will read
kitaba -
book (in general)
un kitaba -
one book
mucho kitaba -
many books
kitabas -
books
Words indicating time
yeri -
yesterday
sedey -
today
manya -
tomorrow
pa aksham -
in the evening
pa sabah -
in the morning
pa dey -
during the day
Some conjunctions
(unisi-worda = "unite - word")
e -
and
o -
or
bat -
but
si -
if
obwol -
though
yesterday
evening
in
(preposition
of general meaning)
(to) find
in
it
interest
(a) tale
greatly
(makes
adjectives)
gro-interes-ney rakonta
one
small
but
about
one
greatly
interest
(makes
adjectives)
person
Prepositions
(konekti-worda = "connect - word")
in -
in
on -
on
om -
about
por
- because of
bay
- by
fo
- for
kun -
with
bifoo
- before
afte
- after
Adjectives
kwel-worda
(= "what (about quality) - word")
Adjectives are usually placed before the noun.
Adjectives never change their form.
Special particles are used to make comparisons.
syao kitaba - (a) small book
pyu syao - smaller
zuy syao - the smallest
Some adjectives
syao -
small
gran -
big
jamile -
beautiful
karim -
kind
hao -
good
buhao -
bad
"-ney" particle
The special particle "-ney" is used to make adjectives out of nouns, verbs and pronouns.
interes
(interest)
- interes-ney
(interesting)
findi
(find)
- findi-ney
(found)
me
(I)
- me-ney
(my)

However, as possessive pronouns are used very frequently, it is more convenient to use short forms:
me-ney = may, yu-ney = yur, nu-ney = nuy
lu-ney = luy, ela-ney = elay, ta-ney = suy, li-ney = ley
Intensifiers
muy -
very
gro -
greatly
tro -
too
idyen -
a little
Some pronouns
kwel-inplas-worda
koy - some
eni - any
kada - every
oli - all
ambi - both
I
and
Full transcript