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Northern Swift Fox

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Simran Gill

on 26 October 2013

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Transcript of Northern Swift Fox

Classification Map
If the Northern Swift Fox was to be extinct completely, then it would cause environmental issues. First things first, the population of so called 'pests' would increase. Seeing as mice and insects are a part of the fox's energy source; if the fox was instinct, then in those areas where the fox once was would be over populated with pests. Also, without the fox there, predators would not have an 'energy source'. Yes there are many other food sources, but in the one particular area where the Swift fox once was the food sources would be lacking for predators such as the Golden Eagle. It would cause a negative impact in the eco-system (food web). Not only would the fox be extinct, BUT food sources would be disrupted as well.
Personal Response
Biodiversity is HIGHLY important because it helps humans. As humans, we receive many benefits of having a diverse ecosystem. These benefits include; plants, oxygen, provide clean water, provides clean air, and controlling erosion. But if we get into specifics, a diverse ecosystem has many major benefits such as; plants- absorbing greenhouse gases, assist in 'stopping' global warming, medicinal drugs; recreational areas are beautiful tourist places with the help of a healthy/diverse ecosystem. It is easy for a bio-diverse ecosystem to restore itself after a natural disaster, and a diverse ecosystem can provide us with a variety of foods such as fruits, meats, and produce. If we did not have a diverse ecosystem then we could not enjoy the beauty of life we can today. When we step outside, we don't just see black and white, we don't just see the same trees or plants everywhere we go, and we definitely don't see the same animals everywhere we go. If we did not have a diverse ecosystem, then we could be facing many problems. For example, if we did not have plants, then we would not have oxygen; which would result in our death. Also, if we did not live in a bio-diverse system, we would not be eating many of the foods we have today. Also, considering the shortage of clean water there is already, imagine how fat the rate of clean water would go down if there were no biodiversity. Now the problem we face with biodiversity currently is that the biodiversity rate is declining- meaning life, as we know it will not be stable.
Major Threats
Habitat Loss:
as stated before, the Swift Fox enjoys an open and unobstructed area. With the development of the world, it will be harder for the Swift Fox. For example:
grasslands are now being turned into croplands/fields
change in area, causes a change in prey- the Swift Fox may lose it's 'energy source'. But not only will the fox lose it's energy source, the new area can invite new predators that prey upon the Swift Fox.
The US Conservation Reserve Program is planning to plant tall, dense vegetation- this is a problem since the Swift Fox tends to avoid dense vegetated areas.
In CANADA - oil + gas industry is expanding
previous isolated prairie areas are being explored for potential oil/gas opportunities

Species Profile
Scientific Name:
Vulpes Velox
Common Names:
Swift Fox, Renard Véloce
Native to the US; found in Montana, South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico & Texas. The Swift Fox was also found in North-Central Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, before it was extinct in Canada. Although, recently in Canada, a small population was discovered.

Animalia, Chordata, Mammalia, Carnivore, Canidae, Vulpes, Vulpes Velox
mostly found in short grass or mixed grass prairies. In areas such as Kansas, the Swift Fox scavenges in uncultivated crop land fields. The swift fox prefers a open, and unobstructed area. Dens that the Swift fox(es) may habitat within can be abandoned badger holes.
The Northern Swift Fox is found in less than 40% of their historic range. Although, even though the Swift Fox was stated "extinct" in Canada, there has been sightings recently in Canada. There are approx. 96 Swift foxes in Alberta , although most are offspring of released foxes.
Interesting Facts:
12-16 in tall
length = 31 in + tail
weigh 5-7 lbs
lifespan = 3-4 years
The Northern Swift Fo. although no longer listed as "endangered", was once at the rate where no one would have thought we'd be seeing the swift fox any longer. Now, there have been more sighting of the Seift fox especially in areas where it was once 'extinct'.
Climate Change:
according to statistics, grassland habitats that are suitable for the Northern Swift Fox in Colorado and New Mexico could reduce by 27-60%
Food Web
The extinction of the Northern Swift Fox can cause a positive and negative affect on humans. How so you ask? Basically, if there is no Swift Fox then there would be an abundant source of Lark for us to eat. BUT, like stated before, if the pest population increases then it can cause a huge problem for humans because; a)many of us are afraid of insects/pests, or get annoyed easily, b) the pests would be 'pests'.
Northern Swift Fox
Yellow Sponge
Action Plan
Works Cited
Basic Facts About Swift Foxes. (n.d.). Swift Fox. Retrieved October 20, 2013, from http://www.defenders.org/swift-fox/basic-facts

Biodiversity. (n.d.). - Our Future Planet. Retrieved October 20, 2013, from http://www.ourfutureplanet.org/topic-biodiversity

Vulpes velox. (n.d.). (Swift Fox). Retrieved October 20, 2013, from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/23059/0

Introduction to Porifera. (n.d.). Introduction to Porifera. Retrieved October 20, 2013, from http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/porifera/porifera.html

Swift Fox. (n.d.). Swift Fo Recovery and Translocations. Retrieved October 20, 2013, from http://wildlifepreservation.ca/species-in-need/canadian-species/swift-fox/
Full transcript