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The USA 1919-1941
Transcript of The USA 1919-1941
Empires We are not internationalists, we are American nationalists. Theodore Roosvelt, speaking in 1919.
Some of the Objections to the League of Nations made by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, 1920
2. The United States assumes no obligation to preserve the territorial integrity or political independence of any other country . . . under the provisions of article 10, or to employ the military or naval forces of the United States under any article of the treaty for any purpose… Congress… has the sole power to declare war.
3. No mandate shall be accepted by the United States…
5. The United States will not submit to arbitration or to inquiry by the assembly or by the council of the league of nations...
9. The United States shall not be obligated to contribute to any expenses of the league of nations…
10. If the United States shall at any time adopt any plan for the limitation of armaments proposed by the council of the league . . .
it reserves the right to increase such armaments without the consent of the council whenever the United States is threatened with invasion or engaged in war...
14. The United States assumes no obligation to be bound by any election, decision, report, or finding of the council or assembly… Source 2 Under the US Constitution, peace treaties have to be agreed by the Senate -- one of the elected houses of the US Congress (Parliament). The Senate was isolationist and would not agree to the Treaty of Versailles because it involved joining the League of Nations. The Treaty, into which Wilson had out so much, was rejected. The USA never joined the League of Nations.
Allan Todd, Collins Total Revision (2002) What did isolationism mean in practice? REJECTION OF THE PEACE TREATIES To what extent were Americans prosperous during the 1920s? Booming economy Consumer boom
Innovation in production methods
Upsurge in car ownership
Consumer durables/elctrical goods
Skycrapers, highways and urban development