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Orientation 1 [Introduction to IELTS]
Transcript of Orientation 1 [Introduction to IELTS]
International English Language Testing System
Study or Work
Provides a fair, accurate and relevant assessment of language skills.
Covers the full range of ability, from the beginner through to a very high level of English proficiency.
IELTS tests come in two versions: Academic or General Training.
Both versions of the test assess the four language skills: Listening, reading, writing and speaking.
Over 1,000 centers and locations around the world.
This global test has the highest levels of quality control.
Owned by British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language.
Assessment and delivered through more than 1,000 test centers and locations in over 140 countries.
British Council connects people worldwide with the learning opportunities and creative ideas from the UK.
British Council is the UK's international organization for educational opportunity and cultural relations and is represented in 109 countries worldwide.
IDP: IELTS Australia is a world leader in assisting international students find the right overseas study option for them.
IDP Education offers student placement in Australia, the USA, Canada, the UK and New Zealand.
Over the past 40 years IDP Education has helped more than 300,000 international students realize their international education goals.
IDP Education, through its subsidiary IELTS Australia, manages a network of IELTS test centers in more than 45 countries.
Cambridge English Language Assessment is the world's leading provider of exams for learners of English.
Cambridge exams are recognized by over 13,500 organizations worldwide and taken by over 4 million people each year in 135 countries.
IELTS is the world’s proven test.
Accepted by thousands of organizations in over 145 countries.
Recognized by over 9,000 organizations worldwide
IELTS help you gain entrance to universities, schools, training colleges,...
A growing number of government departments and agencies are using IELTS results for immigration and student visa applications.
Professional associations in a range of countries use IELTS to assess the English language ability of people wishing to work in the field in their country.
Multinational companies and employers are also using IELTS to assess language ability for their workplaces.
To summarize, you may take IELTS Academic if you want to:
• Study or train at a university or college as an undergraduate
• Study or train at a university or college as a postgraduate
• Join a professional association
• Gain registration in a professional organization such as medical, nursing, accounting, or engineering
IELTS General Training measures English language proficiency in a practical, everyday context. It focuses on general survival skills in broad social and workplace contexts. You may take this test if you want to:
• Study or train in secondary education
• Study or train at a college or training center below degree level
• Migrate to an English speaking country
Everybody takes the same Listening and Speaking tests. It is the Reading and Writing tests that differ depending on the version of IELTS test you want to take. You have a choice of two versions: Academic or General Training. They are always taken in this order : (diagram)
You will take the Listening, Reading and Writing tests all on the same day one after the other, with no breaks in between them.
Your Speaking test will either be after a break on the same day as the other three tests, or up to seven days before or after that. This will depend on your test center.
LISTENING – 30 min
Section 1 is a conversation between two people set in an everyday social context
Section 2 is a monologue set in a topic of general interest
Section 3 is a conversation of 3 to 4 speakers in an Academic context
Section 4 is a monologue on an academic subject like a university lecture.
READING – 60min
The Reading test is for 60 min. and consists of 40 questions. A variety of question types is used in order to test a wide range of reading skills. These include reading for gist, reading for main ideas, reading or skimming for detail; understanding logical argument, recognizing writers' opinions, attitudes and purpose.
IELTS Academic Reading
Academic reading consists of three or sometimes four reading passages of increasing difficulty. The texts range from descriptive and factual to discursive and analytical. The texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers.
You can mark and write on the Question Paper but you must enter your answers on the Reading Answer Sheet. Be aware that NO EXTRA TIME is given for transferring your answers from the test booklet to the Reading Answer Sheet.
IELTS General Training Reading
The General Training version has three reading passages. It requires candidates to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks, official documents, and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English speaking environment.
IELTS Academic Writing
WRITING – 60min
The Writing test is of Academic is for 60 min. Topics are of general interest to, and suitable for candidates entering undergraduate and postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration.
In Task 1, you will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to interpret, describe, summarize or explain the information in your own words. You may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event. You are required to write at least 150 words.
In Task 2, you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view. This can be an argumentative, discussion or explanatory essay of at least 250 words. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style.
IELTS General Training Writing
The Writing component of IELTS General Training also has two tasks which are based on topics of general interest.
In task 1, you will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter of at least 150 words, requesting information, complaint, appreciation and assistance. You will be asked to narrate an event or describe an object. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.
In Task 2, you will be asked to write an essay of at least 250 words in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be slightly more personal in style than the Academic Writing Task 2 essay.
SPEAKING 11 – 14 minutes
The Speaking component is a face to face interview. It assesses your use of spoken English, and takes between 11 and 14 minutes to complete. Every test is recorded. The Speaking component is delivered in such a way that it does not allow candidates to rehearse set responses beforehand
Part 1 of the Speaking test will be the Examiner asking you general questions about yourself and a range of familiar topics, such as home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts between four and five minutes.
In part 2, you will be given a task card which asks you to talk about a particular topic. You will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes. The examiner will then ask one or two questions on the same topic to finish this part of the test.
Part 3 will be further questions connected to the topic in Part 2. These questions will give you the opportunity to discuss more abstract ideas and issue. The part of the test lasts between four and five minutes.
BAND SCORES EXPLAINED
There is no pass or fail in IELTS. Candidates are graded on the 9-band system. Normally to enter University in Australia, New Zealand and Britain, a minimum total score of 6.5 is needed with no band score less than 6.0 to do a Masters degree or Postgraduate degree / diploma. Some courses require a higher IELTS score.
Each educational institution or organization sets its own level of IELTS scores to meet its individual requirement. Therefore you need to check with your chosen institution or organization on their required band score.
Candidates are graded on their performance, using scores from 1 to 9 for each part of the test – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. The results from the four parts then produce an Overall Band Score.
This 9-band system measures scores in a consistent manner – wherever and whenever the test is taken. It is internationally recognized and understood, giving you a reliable international currency. IELTS scores have a recommended validity period of two years.
The nine bands and their descriptive statements are as follows:
IELTS Academic is designed for people planning to study in higher education or those seeking professional registration.
It assesses whether you are ready to begin studying or training in an environment where English is the language used.
In the listening section, you will listen to four recorded texts, monologues and conversations by a range of native speakers, and write your answers to a series of questions. The test is for 30min. plus 10 min. extra to transfer your answers to your answer sheet. Each recording is heard only once.
The questions will test your ability to understand main ideas and detailed factual information, ability to understand the opinions and attitudes of speakers, ability to understand the purpose of an utterance and the ability to follow the development of ideas.
The Academic and General Training Reading Tests are graded to the same level. However, because the texts in the Academic Reading Test are more challenging overall than those in the General Training Test, more questions need to be answered correctly on a General Training Test to receive the same guide.