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SDC 2013 Cross-Cultural Communication & Motivation

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Lanlan Jin

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of SDC 2013 Cross-Cultural Communication & Motivation

High Context
Vs.
Low Context
The Iceberg Concept of Culture
Super Communication More Motivation Mission!
Warming up
Cross-Culture Communi... What?
Hot Pumpkin

Express Thy World:
Cross-cultural Communication and Motivation

Juntaro Sumitani and Lanlan Jin
November 8th, 2013

"❝The limits of my language are the limits of my world."

Ludwig Wittgenstein
Step 1: What is a stereotype?
n. a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
Step 2:
Stereotypes...Are they real?
Re-thinking
Stereotypes
Discussion:
Why do we have stereotypes??
Please think about you and your partner's impressions as we consider how individuals, language, and culture are connected.
Are we on the same page?
Language
is culture
Juntaro and Lanlan:
What are they really thinking?
Language = Code?

learn grammar and vocabulary...
and you are set to go.
Super Communication
More Motivation Mission!
Onto Motivation!
Your challenges
The crying Ichi-nensei
The Unique Haiku Pronunciations of English
Why Cut Katakana English?
Questions?
Thank you !!
http://www.edweek.org/tm/section/first-person/2009/06/24/tm_sjordan_web.h20.html
Who are you?
What is English teaching to you?
Which is the most important aspect of
English Teaching?
Listening
Reading
Writing
Speaking
Culture
Think about you and your partner's answers
as we go through the workshop together.
Pass the Pumpkin!!



Don't be shy ;)

Stereotypes
Culture
Language
Communication
: the act or process of using words, sounds, signs, or behaviors to exchange information or to express your ideas, thoughts, feelings, etc., to someone else. blah blah blah.....

In other words:
Getting your meaning across!
Culture:
the overarching identity of a nation or a tribe.



Cross-Cultural Communication:

the ability to successfully form, foster, and improve relationships with members of a culture different from one's own.

In other words:
Not getting lost in translation
(What we do everyday!)
Do English speakers
look and sound the same?
culture:
the dynamic of a social group--in our case, a classroom, a grade, a school.
“One who speaks only one language is one person, but
one who speaks two languages is two people.


‒- Turkish Proverb
Language = a social practice!

it is "open, dynamic, energetic, constantly evolving and personal."
*Not us
Brown: Whenever teachers teach a language, they also teach a complex system of cultural customs, values, & ways of thinking, feeling, & acting of the speakers of the target language.
Question for the ALTs!

were you given a new name when you learned a new language in school?
Culture is
Language
Question for Everyone!

Who has heard of high-context and low-context cultures?
High-context
most information is in the context, while very little is in the transmitted part of the language.

aka: indirect communication
Low-context
meanings are explicitly expressed with little dependency on context.


aka: direct communication
Characteristics of
High-context communication
vertical society
reading the atmosphere ("kuki wo yomu")
avoiding confrontation
Low context communication may seem aggressive
Silence means "no objections"
Characteristics of
Low-context communication
horizontal society
actively engage in confrontation
accurately express meaning
value efficiency over harmony
May view indirect communication as "dishonest"
Question for Everyone!

Who is from a high-context culture? Who is from a low-context culture? Who is from both?
* Language is optimized by its communication style.*

How does this influence English teaching?
WORKSHEET TIME!: look at the "Iceberg concept of culture" sheet and circle the ones that are relevant JTE-ALT communication and teaching.

Exchange your paper with partner and discuss.
STAGE 1
Q: Will you feel embarrassed to start a conversation with a new ALT?
Icchu Sensei Data 1
"I want to but I can't express myself."
"I don't know what to say."
"I'm shy."
"We can communicate with just a few words."
"ALTs can already speak Japanese."
No: 4
Other: 1
Super Communication More Motivation Mission!
STAGE 2
Are you embarrassed?
Discuss how you can improve!
Yes: 9
Q: What makes a student motivated?
What makes them unmotivated?
Icchu Sensei Data 2
the task is easy
students are doing an hands-on activity
teachers are passionate
teachers talk about students' interests
students are chatting with each other
Unmotivated
Motivated

the material is difficult
teacher is talking and talking...
repeating the same task
unclear instructions
You played "rows and columns" in class, and thought it went well... until you see Yuna crying in front of your JTE.

Why? Because the Yuna's friend chose another friend's column over Yuna's row.
Friendships are at stake! Can you change the game to make it usable?
Group Discussion:
What problem scenarios do you have? How can you make it work?
STAGE 3
WHAT ARE YOUR STRENGTHS?
WHAT ARE YOUR PARTNER'S STRENGTHS?
In other words:

It is a social practice of
meaning-making

Decide on your shared goal!!
“Why do we have noses that run and feet that smell?”

Do you feel more confident after this workshop?
References
Brown's Teaching by principles
http://www.seattlecentral.edu/faculty/jgeorg/TESLSCCC/12PrincHTM.htm

Language, Culture, and learning
http://www.tllg.unisa.edu.au/lib_guide/gllt_ch2.pdf

Teaching cross-cultural communication to Japanese college students
http://www.lib.kitami-it.ac.jp/book/humanscience/vol_6_3.pdf

English Education in Japan -from Kindergarten to University
http://web.iess.ehime-u.ac.jp/raineruto1/02RD2.pdf

Japanese communication in intercultural encounters: the barrier of status-related behavior
http://east-asia.haifa.ac.il/staff/kovner/(14)Kowner.2002b.pdf

The Iceberg concept of culture
http://www.msdwt.k12.in.us/msd/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/iceburgofculture.pdf

Why is it so hard?
communication style differences (High vs. Low)
social dynamics
expectations
a matter of non-necessity
more interesting things
Golden Bomber vs. New Horizon
FIGHT!
FINAL STAGE
Super Communication
More Motivation Mission!
14 teachers total;
answers independent of abroad experience
Full transcript