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Language Acquisition vs Language Learning

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Ayelén Godoy

on 31 October 2014

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Transcript of Language Acquisition vs Language Learning

Language Acquisition vs Language Learning
Second Language Learning
Active and conscious process.
Conscious knowledge of the new language.
It is not advisable to teach grammar out of context. It does not work with students of any age.
older children and adults past the critical period need explicit teaching in order to learn a second language.
Innate capability.

Language acquisition in children just seems to happen
The roles of language learning programs
Although second language learners cannot acquire languages through these programs, they can learn a second language through such programs.
Second Language acquisition
Language learning

Language acquisition can not normally occur after the critical period because the brain becomes "hardwired" to the first language.
Language Immersion
Students immerse in the target language.

The objective is to create a linguistic environment.
First Language Acquisition
Linguistic input
Critical period
The environment plays an important role.
Passive & unconscious process.
explicit instruction
English Incoming
Outgoing communication in English
English Environment
claim to teach second languages through language immersion.
people learn second languages differently from the acquisition of first language.
Older children and adults can successfully learn second languages through language immersion.
First language acquisition differs from language learning in that children acquire first languages innately and passively while adults learn second languages actively through explicit education and instruction.
Many language programs that promise language acquisition through immersion fail to take into account the differences between fist language acquisition and second language learning as well as the necessary linguistic environment for authentic language immersion.
Nevertheless, language immersion programs can reinforce the learning that language learners gained through explicit second language education and instruction.
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