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Emily Vratarich

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of iPhone

iPhones: Commodity Chain
Emily Vratarich, Kruti Patel, Cadijah Walcott, Laura Moser
The first Apple computer was invented on April 1, 1976
Apple has since created computers, laptops, iPods, iPads, and iPhones
Worldwide, from 2007-2015, Apple has sold over 700 million iPhones
So far, there has been 8 generations of iPhone models
The average lifetime of an iPhone is 3 years
Worldwide, it's the fastest growing component of the municipal waste stream
In the United States, an estimated 70% of heavy metals in landfills comes from discarded electronics
China imports e-waste from Hong Kong and the United States
Electronics are stripped for their computer chips and metals
In 2011, 3.62 million tons of e-waste was discarded in China
Americans produce 50 million tons of e-waste each year

What happens to an iPhone at the end of its life?

Greenhouse Gases
Most of Apple's greenhouse gas emissions come from the production, transportation, use and recycling of their products
Carbon emissions have dropped over 3% each year
Apple Recycling Program
Apple offers a free recycling services
Receive Apple Gift Card for final value of equipment
All e-waste is processed in region where it was collected
Set up recycling programs in cities and college campuses in 95% of the countries where they sell products
This diverted more than 421 million pounds of equipment from landfills since 1994
90% of the products collected and recycled aren't their own
By 2011, the United States was only recycling 29% of its electronics
According to the EPA 141 million mobile phones were discarded in 2009 and only 12 million of those were collected for recycling
Recycling 1 million cell phones yields approximately 35,000 pounds of copper and 750 pounds of silver, 70 pounds of gold and 30 pounds of palladium
A thinner, lighter and more material efficient product has reduced greenhouse gases
Reduction of packaging mass by 26% in six years
Apple can now pack 60% more iPhone 5s boxes
A company that Apple uses to recycle their products
iPhones in working conditions are sold to secondary markets in the United States
BUT, for iPhones that can not be economically restored they recycle it in a "environmentally responsible way"
They do not give more information

Guiyu, China
The "Chernobyl of electronic waste"
The primitive recycling of electronic waste in China is devastating to the local environment
Guiyu suffered an environmental distress due to e-waste disposal in the area










E-Waste Pollution in Guiyu
Most of the toxic pollution comes from burning circuit boards, plastic and copper wires, or washing them with hydrochloric acid to recover valuable metals like copper and steel
The environment is poisoned with toxic heavy metals like lead, beryllium and cadmium, while also releasing hydrocarbon ashes into the air, water and soil
The air leaves a burning sensation in eyes and nostrils to first time visitors
"Releases of mercury can occur during the dismantling of equipment such as flat screen displays," wrote Greenpeace, in a report titled "Toxic Tech."
Mercury can bioaccumulate and biomagnify to high levels in food chains, particularly in fish
Suppliers Per Country
Full transcript