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Edgar Allan Poe: The Father of The Detective Story

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Shelby Brooks

on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe: The Father of The Detective Story

Edgar Allan Poe:
Writer, and poet during the American Romantic Movement

Edgar Allan Poe was a writer and poet during the American Romantic Era. This Era was known artistically to have themes such as death, horror, fear, and symbolism. Some Poe's poetry, "The Raven," and "Annabel Lee," both have themes of death.

Although Poe is known for his poetry, many do not know that..
Edgar Allan Poe
The Detective Fiction Formula
The Narrator
What made the narrator unique in Poe's stories is that it was not the detective who was narrating, but rather his companion.
The Plot
Instead of previous crime fiction where the plot was based solely on the crime, Poe's was based on solving the crime.
The Attention to Detail
Poe created a unique investigator in which the detective wasn't really a detective at all, just someone who was interested in the investigation.
Poe's detective paid a lot of attention to detail which in most cases helped the police in their investigation in which they missed those details previously.
"The Murders in the Rue Morgue"
Detective: Monsieur C. Auguste Dupin
Narrator: Dupin's unnamed Companion
Case: A woman and her daughter were found brutally murdered. Dupin saw an article in the newspaper and decided to help the investigation. He found item's that the police that led up to the conclusion as to who the murderer was. All clue's led to an Ourang-outang that escaped from the Navy Yard the night of the murder in which they were testing it's intelligence.
The Father of Detective Fiction
Edgar Allan Poe was the father of detective fiction. What he created was unique to any other fiction based on crime. His stories were about solving the case rather than the crime itself. He used a type of "detective fiction formula" that featured many aspects.
By: Shelby Brooks
Edgar Allan Poe: The Father of The Detective Story
Research Questions
1) In what ways did Edgar Allan Poe become the Father of detective fiction?

2) What were some defining qualities of Poe's deteive stories?

3) What other author's borrowed idea's from Poe's stories?

4) And what aspects did they borrow?
How he inspired:
"A Study in Scarlet"
Edgar Allan Poe inspired many other authors. One in particular, and probably the most well known, is Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Doyle borrowed a lot of aspects from Poe in his detective story series.

Detective: Sherlock Holmes- shares similarities with Poe's Dupin with their extreme attention to detail as well as not being actual investigators.
Narrator: Dr. John Watson, Holmes companion
Case: A man is found dead in an abandoned house. The police need help so they contact Holmes in an attempt to solve the case, knowing his expertise in finding the tiniest of details.
So What?
Edgar Allan Poe influenced one of the most popular detectives today. The stories and characters of Doyle's Sherlock Holmes has now been adapted into many Television shows, and box-office hit movies.
Research Methods/Sources
Most Useful: Books- Poe's stories, Doyle's Stories
Least Useful: Internet Sources- mostly critical essays
Doyle, Arthur C. A Study in Scarlet. 1887.
Mansfield-Kelly, Deane, and Lois A. Marchino. The Longman Anthology of Detective Fiction. Person Longman, 2004. Print.
Poe, Edgar A. The Murders in the Rue Morgue. Print.
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