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Forestry

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s mcv

on 22 May 2015

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Transcript of Forestry

Causing:
Increased evaporation from rising summer temperatures, this leads to decreased soil moisture which is why there is more drought-resistant tress

Pros
:-Certain trees and plants rely on fire
-Some animals thrive on the vegetation that grows on burned sites
Neg
:-kills animals
-Destroys trees and plants
-Causes soil erosion

Solution:
-Overgrown forests must be thinned, they are dangerous firetraps



Forestry
Deforestation
Contamination of Trees
no more paper, everyone would have to rely on technology
Tree's are an important role in the carbon cycle
The air would be unsuitable for breathing and people would have to wear gas masks to breathe if we cut down all the tree's
Soil would become full of dangerous chemicals and pollutants that would usually be filtered with tree's
Soil erosion is prevented by tree's because they protect land
Soil erosion would eventually become more widespread, and the oil would lose its arability (capable of producing crops) and agriculture will fall, leaving people to die
Economic Issues
If you deforest an area the lumberman gets all the trees, so it depends on what that company will do to that area. They would either replant the trees, or get a local business to reinstall all the trees. You are giving a company work to cut all the trees down, then giving another or the same company to replant them back. Its a whole economy based on tree management. Otherwise, they take all the trees down and turn it into a farmer's field or into a business. They won't just tear down trees and leave the area, there's a whole economy based on the tear of trees in an area. Some businesses would purposely put fires to clear off the trees because it's a cheaper method.

Political Issues
Government destroys forestry to make more land to build homes, so the government can get more money out of chopping down trees. Also they can make more money for using the trees they cut down to make fuel or using it for paper.
Social Issues
Environmental Issues
Economic Issues
Forest fires causes damage to structures and homes. The economy needs to figure out the repairs, and suppression costs and homes lost. Their rebuilding houses and buildings, insurance, and health care. They also need to evacuate people out of the area which is adding more costs. It also includes costs for staff, equipment, supplies, transportation, and those fighting the fire.

Positive:
Generates the community by post-fire rebuilding. Including forestry support work (e.g. building fire lines, providing firefighting teams)
Social Issues
Its a business in itself because if the trees gets diseased someone has to go in and cut the trees down or treat those diseases so it doesn't spread to other trees. Every time someone cuts a tree down someones getting paid. The contamination can wipe out forests which means they cant be harvested. This would be a problem because trees are our purpose of life providing us timber, lumber and pulp.
By: Bailey, Tiffany, Preet, Sydnie
Political Issues
Forest Fires
Social Issues
Environmental Issues
Loss of habitat for million of species
Seventy percent of land, animals and plants live in forest
Drives climate change
Forest lands can become barren deserts
Fewer tress means larger amounts of greenhouse gases that fuel global warning
Environmental Issues
Economic Issues
Solutions
: -Stop clear-cutting to make sure that forest environments remain intact
-Simply stop cutting down trees
Political Issues
Pros:
-Help re new forests by removing old, weakened trees
-Help in soil formation by breaking down dead trees and plant material and recycling the nutrients

Neg:
-Height growth loss
-Kills trees or entire forests

Solution:
-Call a tree disease treatment company , they help you get rid of the disease
200 diseases found in Canada's forests
Harvest Options
Clear cutting:
Removing all tress
Seed tree System:
Removal of mature tress
Shelter wood System:
Remove certain tress and new growth under the protection of an over story


Group Selection System:
Harvest of mature tress and thinning of intermediate tress
Single Tree Selection System:
Removal of single tress
Destroys valuable tree's and plants
releases biomass smoke which has pollutant in it
The smoke could affect peoples bodies like small eye, nose, and throat irritation, and could cause persistent cardio-pulmonary conditions that could reach to premature death in rare cases
Smoke rises and could cause accidents on nearby roads or highways because the visibility conditions for the drivers are difficult
Disturb the eco system of rural areas and affects the climate
Harms animals, buildings, plantation and crops that are either in or near by the forest.
Harms bodies of water, affecting the taste and increasing the growth of bacteria and pathogens (viruses) in the water
In 2002, a beetle entered the U.S.A through Detroit, and quickly spread throughout New York, Virginia, and nearly every state in between. The bug attacked all 22 species in North America and kills nearly every tree it infests. In 15 states, an additional 15,000 people died from cardiovascular disease, and 6,000 more from lower respiratory disease compared with uninfected areas of the country. That is very bad for both tree's and people. We bugs keep invading our tree's, then maybe this situation could happen again in Canada.
Forests are an important part of our states environment and economy because they provide clean air, water, homes for wildlife, beautiful scenery, places for recreation and provides products we use everyday.
Key Forestry Issues in Canada
British Columbia has many forestry issues:
Highly unsustainable rates of logging (we need about an 80% drop in the amount of tree's we cut)
Lack of native and non native community control over forests
Lack of government oversight and enforcement
In sufficient protection for species habitat
Continuing mill closures and job losses due to commodity (goods) export policy, raw log exports, and lack of real open log market to enable a diversified value added job producing wood sector
Regional monopolies and concentration control over 70% of the forest by a handful of companies across the province
Shortfalls in reforestation
Forests are also vital for watersheds because of the loose soil, thick humus layer which are vitally important for preserving water supplies.

Approximately 8,000 wildfires occur each year in Canada. With forest fires we may not have enough firefighters to take the fire out. For the government that can be a problem later in the future.
What is Forestry?
The Canadian Forestry industry is a major contributor to the Canadian economy. About 38% of Canada's land area is forested. Slightly more than half of this area is classified as commercial forest capable of producing merchantable trees (height) in a reasonable length of time, and has not been reserved for constructing parks. Canada's forests purify water, stabilize soil and cycle nutrients. They moderate climate and store carbon. They create habitat for wildlife, and provide foods for the wildlife, such as berries, mushrooms, roots, fruits and more.
When trees are contaminated the government loses loads of money. If they are trying to sell things that came from a contaminated tree, odds are nobody will want to buy it. So the government loses money from contamination in forestry.
Products and Exports
Exports:
Northern bleached softwood Kraft pulp (NBSK)-
Canada has one of the largest NBSk market.
Newsprint-
World production of newsprint is approximately 32 million tonnes, and Canada is the single largest producer.
Softwood lumber- Canada is one of the worlds largest producers and exporters for softwood lumber
Products:
Domestic- t
he recent recession affected demand for solid wood products within Canada.
United States-
The U.S. remains the most important market for Canada's forest sector .

China-
Lumber exports to China have grown in recent years and are beginning to expand beyond low-grade timber to higher value products
Japan-
Japan is an important market for Canada. Significant to the consumers of high value wood and of structural lumber for use in housing
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