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Night: Judaism

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by

Ben Landis

on 29 March 2011

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Transcript of Night: Judaism

JUDAISM Born in 1800 BC in the city of Ur in Babylon
Made a b'rit (covenant) with god
God promised to bless Abraham and his children if he left Babylon to create a new nation (Israel)
He was the father of the three Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Islam, and Christianity Abraham (Abram) Origins Traditions Holidays Shabbat The seventh day in the Jewish week
Rest day: work is not permited from sundown on friday to sundown on saturday
Candles are lit and 3 special meals are eaten containing challah bread, meat, and fish
Rosh Hashanah Yom Kippur Rosh Hashanah marks the start of a new year in the Jewish calendar. On this holiday the Jewish people eat special foods that represent this holiday. For example Honey cake represents the start of a sweet new year, round challah represents the circle of life, and fish represent god’s creation. Yom Kippur is the Jewish day of atonement, in which Jews fast for 25 hours (Not eat). Jewish people also use this day to pray extensively, usually pay a visit to their synagogue. Many Jews who might not regularly attend prayer at the synagogue pay a visit on Yom Kippur. Chanukah Chanukah is an eight day holiday in which each night a candle is lit on a menorah. A menorah has 8 branches and a single raised branch in the middle called the Shamash, which is used to light the other candles on the menorah. The holiday marks the rededication of the holy temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt in 2nd century BCE. The holiday usually occurs from late November to late December in the Gregorian calendar. Children usually get a small gift each night and the families play games with a dreidel. Passover Passover is a Jewish holiday which commemorates the Exodus where the Jewish people were liberated from their slavery in Egypt. The name Passover itself is derived from the ten plagues that god inflicted upon Egypt to free the Israelites, God had Moses warn the pharaoh that if his people were not freed then the Pharaohs people would suffer. The tenth and worst plague involved the spirit of god coming into homes and killing the first born children. The Jewish people were told to place marks above their doors which god’s spirit recognized and passed over hence the name Passover.
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