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Honors Thesis


Emy Kapiamba

on 11 April 2011

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Transcript of Honors Thesis

INEQUALITY AND UNDERDEVELOPMENT: The case of the Democratic Republic of Congo Caused by the network of elites within the DRC who sabotage possibilities of economic growth through rent seeking actions. Change the incentives of the elites Rich in minerals Per Capita GDP:$300 Current situation instituionalist theory
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of press
Freedom of association
Land access
Political Participation incidences of Poverty: over 80 Percent 60 percent live below 1.25 dollars a day only 20 percent live
less than 5km from
health care facility underemployment: 81.7 percent 67.2 percent of adults literate .389 hdI:
168 out 169 countries 9 percent use hygienic methods for waste disposal gINI coefficent: 44.44 INEQUALITY "In societies that began with extreme inequlity,
elites were better able to establish a legal framework that ensured disproportionate shares of power" -Engerman & Sokoloff (2000) property rights
macroeconomic stablization
conflict management
social insurance
regulatory -Engerman & Sokoloff (2009) political inequality Economic inequality POLITICAL EXCLUSION no foundation for democracy Mobutu's authoritarian regime Lack of property rights Belgians (less than 1% of population) controlled:

95% of captial assets
70% of market production
50% of money income ZAIRIANIZATION CORRUPTION gender inequality Underrepresented In:
Government (7.2%)
National Assembly (8.6%) Primary School Completion Rate Article 13.3:
"each political party's list is established in consideration of of the equal representation of men and women"
Article 13.4:
"the non-realization of equality between men and women during the upcoming elections does not make the list inadmissable" elite have no incentive to change
the institutions Current underdevelopment in congo is linked to the initial inequaliity established during the early years of state formation
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