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Consequential Ethical Theories

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Tammy Cappleman

on 15 September 2016

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Transcript of Consequential Ethical Theories

Consequential Ethical Theories
Applying Act Utilitarianism
Identify the ethical decision to be made.
Consider all possible optional actions.
Consider all people affected by these options.
Determine the net utility of each option.
Choose and follow the option that produces the highest net utility.
Applying Rule Utilitarianism
List moral rules that would be relevant to situations.
Determine the net utility of each rule, if everyone followed it.
Choose the moral rule with the highest net utility.
Apply this rule to the ethical problem under consideration.
Who are the Stakeholders
What are the Options
Happiness Units
Conclusion
Utilitarianism
"Create all the happiness you can create, remove all the misery you can remove."
Ethical Decision
Case 4 - Time and Money on page 721
History - Great Philosophers
Moral or ethical theories are groups of systematically related ethical principles.
Jeremy Bentham
Origins of Ethical Beliefs
Authority
Culture
Emotion
Intuition
Reason
But how do we know which moral principles are best to follow or live by?
Consequential
- ethical judgments and decisions based on the outcomes
Non-Consequential
- ethical judgments and decisions based on factors other than outcomes.
Consequential theories base morality on the results or outcomes of behaviors.

Actions with good consequences are morally right; actions with bad consequences are morally wrong.
Act Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
Rule Utilitarianism
John Stuart Mill
John Stuart Mill
Apply Act Utilitarianism
Identify the ethical decision to be made.
Consider all possible optional actions.
Consider all people affected by these options.
Determine the net utility of each option.
Choose and follow the option that produces the highest net utility.
Apply Rule Utilitarianism
List moral rules that would be relevant to situations.
Determine the net utility of each rule, if everyone followed it.
Choose the moral rule with the highest net utility.
Apply this rule to the ethical problem under consideration.
All ethical theories do not fit every situation. There are strengths and weaknesses in all moral theories. They are simply a tool to help us choose the best decision for the ethical issue.
Who has something at stake?
Customers
Employees
Communities
Agencies
Environment
etc.
List all options that could exist with the ethical dilemma.
Thinking of the stakeholders, and the options for the person who has the dilemma, assign a number of happiness level.
unhappiness
-10
happiness
10
Full transcript