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The Black Death

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Jason Roth

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of The Black Death

The Bubonic Plague
The Black Death
The Black Plague
The bubonic plague mainly affects rodents, but fleas can transmit the disease to people. Once people are infected, they infect others very rapidly
Plague causes fever and a painful swelling of the lymph glands called buboes, which is how it gets its name.
The disease also causes spots on the skin that are red at first and then turn black.
Around 12oo, the 1st outbreaks of a
new disease began appearing in China
and at sea ports throughout Europe
What led to the outbreak?

-Overfarming
-Poor Hygeine/sanitation
-Overcrowded cities
-Lack of medical knowledge
Caused by Yersinia Pestis ( a bacteria in the stomach of fleas)
Plague spreads through body and nervous system of host, often killing it
3 Types of Plague:

-Pneumonic (lungs)
-Septicaemic (blood stream)
-Bubonic (lymph nodes)
What did people in the Middle Ages think caused the plague?

-God’s will
-Europe: punishment
-Some people in Middle East: Blessing
-Bad air
-Planets/stars aligned
-Four humors of body unbalanced
-Sun dried up ocean, causing toxic air
Ways to treat the plague?

-Drink melted gold
-Place blood from pigeons or puppies on buboes
-Punish yourself for your sins (Flagellants)
-Magic was popular
-Amulets and charms
-Various potions or drinks
-Place a frog on a bubo. If it bursts, you will live!
-ABRACADABRA!
By 1348, the plague had spread as
far north as England
Each spring, the plague attacked again, killing new victims. After five years 25 million people were dead--one-third of Europe's people
So many people had died that there were serious labor shortages all over Europe.
Result? The Feudal system broke down...
The disease took its toll on the church as well. People throughout Christendom had prayed devoutly for deliverance from the plague. Despite their prayers, people still died
25 million people died in just under five years between 1347 and 1352. Estimated population of Europe from 1000 to 1352.

-1000 38 million
-1100 48 million
-1200 59 million
-1300 70 million
-1347 75 million
-1352 50 million
Major effects of the Black Plague?

-Church lost power and influence
-Feudal System and manor economy broke down
-Less farm workers limit food production
-Population dropped by 1/3
-Some advances in medical knowledge developed
At the end of your notes, please answer the following questions and be ready to share your answers...

1. What stands out as the most interesting thing that you learned about the Black Plague today?

2. If you lived during this time, what would you have done to protect you and your family?

3. Do you think it is possible for something like this to happen today? Could 2 billion people be killed by one disease? Explain your answer.
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