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Comparison of Medieval Europe and Feudal Japan
Transcript of Comparison of Medieval Europe and Feudal Japan
Use this to revise what we've been learning this year. It will also help you with your upcoming assignment!
Structure of Society
Health and Hygiene
The organisation of people and land
Japan's feudal system started in 1185 when Minamoto no Yoritomo defeated his enemies and declared himself shogun.
The emperor became a symbolic position.
Shogun: Great barbarian-conquering general
Europe's feudal period started peacefully. The French king, Charlemagne introduced the system in France in the 8th century to help organise society.
Other European countries followed his idea because it worked so well.
Shogunate Japan had many levels of peasants depending on how much you contribute to society.
The more you did for people, the more important you were.
In Europe, if you were a peasant, you were a peasant!
Hinin and eta were considered 'non-human' because they did jobs that were against the laws of Buddhism, such as work with BLOOD.
Merchants may have been among the richest people in Japanese society, but they were considered the lowest of the low because they did not contribute anything to society.
Even the most basic of Japanese houses had some form of decoration - fancy roof structure, rice paper windows, etc.
Japanese streets were kept nice and clean. Hygiene was very important.
In Medieval Europe, the streets were covered in rubbish and sewerage that was thrown out the window!
The rivers were filthy too.
Cleanliness and appearance was important in Japan. Their bodies and clothes were neat and clean and their hair done intricately.
According to Shinto, cleanliness was very important
Medieval Europeans bathed about twice a year. They didn't understand the link between death and disease.
Japanese people bathed daily and thought the dirty Europeans were barbarians.
Medieval Europeans used medical procedures such as leaching and bleeding.
The Shogunate Japanese used medicine based on traditional Chinese medicine.
Europe's Renaissance began around the 14th Century. It was a period of learning, science, art, discovery and exploration. They began re-learning skills that had been lost when the Roman Empire collapsed and the Dark Ages began.
Japan never had a 'Dark Ages', but it did have periods with the same qualities as the European Renaissance.
The Heian Period (794-1185) was a
time of art and culture
The Tokugawa Period (1603-1869) was a period of peace and learning.
In Medieval Europe, the only acceptable religion was Christianity.
EVERYONE had to go to Church, say their prayers and listen to sermons. If you didn't, you could be accused of being a WITCH!
Church services and the Bible were all in Latin; a language not many people could understand. Sometimes, the priests couldn't even understand it!
In Japan, there were three main religions that worked together.
Shinto focusses on family values, cleanliness and the environment.
Confucianism focusses on respect andthe relationship between leaders and underlings.
Buddhism is about treating others well, not hurting living things, and achieving peace.
Both societies had a warrior class: knights and samurai
Both sets of warriors had a code to follow: Chivalry and Bushido
European Castles were defending by 1 or 2 curtain walls, towers and battlements, a moat and drawbridge, loopholes to fire out of.
Japanese castles had a maze of walls, passages and moats, many gates (with traps) to pass through, and paths lined with loopholes through which to fire.
Women could be Samurai too! Their job was to defend the home from attack.
Made by Mrs Dobson