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The French and Indian War
Transcript of The French and Indian War
Britain Wins the War Leading to the Treaty of Paris 1763
Britain sent more troops and supplies to the colonies and eventually won the war. The war endened with The Treaty of Paris which said Britain now owned most of Canada. All land east of the Mississippi River, and Florida
The Townshend Acts were passed in 1767, they taxed imported goods such as glass, tea, paint, and paper. Parliament also repealed the Stamp Act, the Townshend Act showed the Parliament still believed in laws on the colonists.
Conflicting Claims 1750
Both Great Britain and France laid claim to the Ohio Valley. A piece of land, that streched from Ohio River to the Appalachains to the Mississippi River. The French sent troops to drive out the British declaring war.
The French and Indian War
The war was fought between between Britain and France and witnessed the Americans joining forces with the British against the French and Indians.
The Proclamation of 1763
King George III made a proclamation saying that all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains belonged to the Native Americans. Most colonists ignored the proclamation. Britain passed taxes that made the colonies pay for the war in the Ohio Valley. And the colonies saifine we won't buy any sugar.
Boston Tea Party 1773
Parliament passed the Tea Act. This act gave Britain's East India Company complete control of all tea in the colonies. Only the East India Company was allowed to sell tea to the american colonies. Since there was also the Townshend Acts there was a tax on tea, so you had to pay for the tea and the tax or not drink tea at all. Many colonists boycotted the tea. Some even made tea out of local trees. Ships carrying tea reached Boston and against the wishes of many colonists, the governor of Massachusetts let the ships dock. On the night of December, 16 1773 about 150 men dressed as members of the Mohawk tribe marched to the Boston Harbor. At the docks many people gathered to watch as the Sons of Liberty destroyed more than 300 chests of tea. This protest became known as The Boston Tea Party.
The Stamp Act
In 1765, parliament passed another tax law. It taxed almost anything paper. The Americans were mad because they thought it was taxation without representation. In October 1765, representatives from 9 colonies met in New York City and became known as the Stamp Act Congress.
The Intolerable Acts 1774
The Intolerable Acts were a series of acts that punished the Massachusetts colony for The Boston Tea Party. One of these acts named the Boston Port Act closed the Boston harbor until the colonists paid for the tea lost in the Boston Tea Party. Another was called the Quartering Act, this act let British troops to stay in any house they wanted and the colonists to feed them too. These acts also united the colonists against the British soldiers even more.
In 1774, colonial leaders met in Philadelphia. It was the first time they had met in the Americas, and later called the First Continental Congress. This Congress signed a petition to the king reminding him of the basic rights of British citizens. Congress made May 10, 1775 the deadline for Parliament to answer. Congress then voted to stop almost all trade with Britain, it also asked the colonies to militias.
Continental Congress 1774
Lexington and Concord 1775
Colonists in Massachusetts quickly formed militia units. they were called Minutemen because they could be ready to fight in a minute. In April, 1775 a general for the British heard that John Adams and John Hancock were meeting in Lexington. He also heard that there were over 700 weapons in Concord. The British wanted their plan to be secret, but Paul Revere found out about the plan. And warned the townspeople. When the British got to Lexington the Minutemen were already waiting.
No one knows which side fired first, but after the battle the British got to Lexington and no one was there and neither were the guns. The battle was called The Shot Heard Round the World.