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Transcript of The Crucible
Definition of Feminist Criticism
Points of Criticism/ Textual Evidence
Focuses on which literature reinforce the ways in which women are oppressed by patriarchy, both physically and emotionally, as well as economically, politically, socially, and psychologically.
Different sex from gender into socially and culturally construed categories.
Gender learned/ performed
Sex Biological category
Seek and question viewpoints from the viewpoint of women.
Critic bias, examine beliefs and practices from the perspective of the "other", treat women as subjects, not pretty objects.
1) Pg. 95 - Abigail and Mary confronting each other to gain more power.
Abigail says Mary is lying.
Mary says she still goes on with this case.
2) Pg. 100 - Abigail saying she is doing her "job" gain power
" I have been hurt, Mr. Danforth; I have seen my blood runnin' out! I have been near to murdered every day because I done my duty pointing out the Devil's people - and this is my reward? To be mistrusted, denied, questioned like a ..."
3) Pg. 111 - Being mislead because Abigail has more power now.
" You are pulling Heaven down and raising up a whore."
4) Pg. 103 - Abigail is afraid she will lose her innocent image and power. She has power over Danforth and Hathorne.
" If i must answer that, I will leave and I will not come back!"
5) Pg. 59 - Mary has new power and wants to test it by defying Proctor's orders.
" I will not be ordered to bed no more, Mr. Proctor!"
Brizee, Allen, and Case J. Tompkins. "Feminist Criticism." Purdue OWL. N.p., 21 Mar. 2012. Web. 21 Aug. 2013.
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, NY: Penguin, 1996. Print.
Explication of Evidence
1) In this quote, it tells of how Abigail's need for power is very strong, as she keeps wanting to turn all attention on her. Because Abigail lives in a patriarchy society (Brizze 2), women are not entitled to any power, or a voice. However, Abigail's power is being threatened when Mary starts to confront her. To try and secure her power, she denies any truth that Mary states during her hearing.
Schissel,Wendy. Modern Drama. Toronto: Fall 1994. Vol. 37, Iss. 3.
2) In this passage, Abigail has the threat of her power being overruled yet again. However, this time the threat is opposed by a man. This makes Abigail more responsive to her approach on how to retain her power. By responding with a sense of being offended, Abigail feels betrayed and feels entitled to answer no questions from a man. Because this time period is set when men mainly dominated, or a Patriarchy (Brizze 2), this can lead us to the conclusion that women in this time period are patriarchal women, whom assume the traditional gender role (Brizze 2). This leads to women as being weak. This gives Abigail a chance to use this "weakness'' as a strength, and to try and cleanse herself by telling her truth, give her power over the men who blindly run this trial.
3) This quote tells how John Proctor exclaims to what he knows as the truth by telling that Salem is being mislead by a "whore" a whom will rot in Hell. In Schissel's article 'Modern Drama', she tells that "the wickedness of a woman is all evil..." and that "there is no anger above the anger of a woman." This anger inputs fear in the men, which allows women to control the men with there fear. And this is how Abigail is able to direct the city in any way that she wishes, up holding her power.
4)Abigail is being questioned by John Proctor and the jury, and is presented with a question that she can't answer or she'll have "her name blackened" and lose her innocent image that she's tried very hard to maintain. Not only will she shed her innocent image, but she will lose her credibility to the people of Salem, and she will no longer uphold and power or voice in the patriarchy that she is stuck to live in.
5) Through Mary, we are able to see the equality that lacks in this play. Because women are viewed as "sinners" because girls inherited the body of Eve (Schissel), women are looked down upon as sinners, and are not treated equally. Mary Warren stands up for herself, demanding that she will no longer be treated like a child, because she is 18, and "of her own woman" (Miller 59).This is the beginning stages of women finally standing up for their rights, and themselves as a gender.
Thesis: In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, the symbol
of power is used throughout the play in order to show how
it affects society. This is seen through symbolism, imagery, and
other literary devices. This is significant because throughout
the playwright, it is illustrated how power can negatively
affect women in the assumption that women cannot handle it, through the eyes of men in the play.