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The Historical Significance of Julius Caesar

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Sydney Johnson

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of The Historical Significance of Julius Caesar

The Historical Significance of Julius Caesar
By Sydney Johnson
Gaius Julius Caesar was born around July 12th or 13th, 100 B.C. in Rome to a family closely related to Roman Politics
He Was a well-educated child and was good at sports and was born into a wealthy family
Caesar joined the Roman army in 81 B.C.
Humble Beginnings
Julius Caesar joined the army in 81 B.C.
He became the first Roman General to invade England in 55 B.C., and again in 54 B.C.
After his stint in the army, he progressed in Rome's political system
In 61 and 60 B.C. Caesar became the governor of the Roman providence of Spain
He returned to Rome in 60 B.C. and made a political pact with Pompey and Crassus, two important political officers in Rome
That pact helped Caesar to be elected to Roman Consul in 59 B.C.
Life in the Army
Caesar invaded and successfully drove off German inhabitants and gained the providence of Gaul (present day France)
In 49 B.C. Caesar began a civil war with past pact member Pompey the Great to drive him out of Roman office, in which Caesar was successful
By the near end of his career as Dictator, Julius Caesar had expanded the empire to Spain, Macedonia, Gaul, England, and Northern Africa.
Caesar was best described as "bold, decisive, and reckless to gain importance for himself".
Political Achievements
Upon his numerous conquests, Caesar declared himself dictator and absolute ruler.
In 44 B.C. Julius went to the Roman Senate and ordered them to make him Dictator for Life
A group of conspirators, led by Cassius and Brutus, feared that Caesar was getting too powerful and stabbed him to death on the steps of the Roman Senate building
Caesar's last words were quoted by Shakespeare as being, "Et tu, Brute?", but historians have actually figured out that his real last words were, "Kai su, teknon?" which translates to "You too, child?" when Caesar realized that Brutus has killed him
After Caesar's death, many civil wars broke out among the empire, which ended the Republic
Caesar's nephew, Octavian Augustus, would become Rome's first emperor
Final Days and Aftermath
Citations

"Julius Caesar." BBC News. BBC, n.d.
Web. 15 Mar. 2015
"Julius Caesar". HistoryLearningSite.co.uk. 2014.
Web. 15 Mar. 2015
"Julius Caesar." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, 2015.
Web. 05 Mar. 2015.
Ferrill, Arthur. "Julius Caesar." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d.
Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
O'Rene, Ashley. "Et Tu Brute? Not Caesar's Last Words." Today I Found Out RSS. N.p., 30 Apr. 2013.
Web. 15 Mar. 2015.


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