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ELECTIONS

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by

Nicholas Antonucci

on 3 November 2016

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Transcript of ELECTIONS

Direct forms of political participation include volunteering on a campaign, running for office, and voting.
Get-Out-The-Vote activities represents the BEST example of grassroots organizing.
A Party-Column ballot is the precise type of ballot that generally leads to the coattail effect, where down-ballot candidates benefit from the popularity of those listed above them.
A Recall Election is the specific type of election allows voters to cut short an officeholder's term.
ELECTIONS
Campaigns & Voting
Know the chronological of presidential elections: primary election, candidate nomination, general election

It varies from state to state as to who can vote in primary elections.
In an open primary election any registered voter of any party, and independents can cast ballots.
In an closed primary election only registered voters of members of that party can cast ballots.
States control the timing of primary elections.
In many states, 50 percent of votes must be cast for a candidate in a general election to avoid a runoff election.
In a referendum, voters in a state can vote for or against a measure proposed by state legislatures.
Initiatives
Interest groups and citizens' are the groups who typically sponsor initiatives, or initiative petitions.
Voters are more likely to split their ticket using the
office-block ballot
.
Due to the popularity of voting by mail, Oregon, has recently abandoned voting in polling places on Election Day.
Today, most political campaigns are conducted and managed by
paid campaign consultants.
Pollsters regularly conduct focus groups to determine candidate strengths and weaknesses.
Media consultants are primarily responsible for creating ads for television, radio, print, and the Internet.

Efforts to limit the influence of money on political campaigns started after the Teapot Dome scandal during Warren Harding's presidency.

The Hatch Act of 1939 is anticorruption reform is also known as the Political Activities Act.
The major significance of the Supreme Court's ruling in Buckley v. Valeo was that independent expenditures are protected by law against limitations.
For most of the last 40 years, the MOST common type of PAC was corporate.
Contributions to political parties designated for so-called party-building activities are known as soft money.
Nonprofit groups operated exclusively for the promotion of social welfare, which can include lobbying and engaging in political campaigning, are known as 501c4s
Tax-exempt groups that raise money for political activities are known as 527s
The growth of the Super PACs is a major result of the Supreme Court's ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission? .
There are 538 electors in the Electoral College.
270 is the minimum number of votes required to win the Electoral College and be declared President.
Iowa and New Hampshire are the two states that traditionally hold the first contests in the presidential nominee selection process.
Among all other factors education level is the MOST important when determining voter participation. Higher the Level more likely to vote.
A voter who evaluates candidates based on the candidates' positions and votes for the candidate that best represent his or her views is a prospective voter.
A voter who evaluates an incumbent candidate based on the candidate's past decisions and actions is a retrospective voter.
Voters are MOST willing to base their vote on
Salient Issues
.
Full transcript