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Constructivism Concept Map

Piaget's Cognitive Theory vs Vygotsky's Social Learning Theory.

Ruben Espinoza

on 7 October 2011

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Transcript of Constructivism Concept Map

Constructivisim Theory of Cognitive Development Theory of Social Learning Jean Piaget Lev Vygotsky How do people learn? people learn individually, by constructing upon new and previous knowledge. Associates learning to four stages of development: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, and Formal Operational. Sensorimotor Concrete Operations Formal Operations Interaction with the surroundings is guided by the senses. Adolecents learn to use logic and the common sense. Stage at which an individual starts thinking abstractly The current knowledge of a person is called a schema... Which requires Accomodation and Assimilation in order to grow. Accomodation Assimilation When a person changes his current schema to fit their newly adquire information When a person uses previous knowledge in order to learn something related but new. Follows that... ...learnings depends on social interaction. Consists of Cognitive dialogue, ZPD, Social interaction, culture and inner speech. Zone of Proximal Development (ZDP): Cognitive Dialogue: Interaction among a group of people, usally revolving around the interest of solving problems and answering questions. The quality of a student to grow academically with minimum help from others. Social Interaction Groups together to Social interaction is the key component of this theory. In order to obtain maximum learning, the interaction has to be with a "more knowledgeble other" (MKO). A cognitive dialogue becomes more efficient if it is with a MKO. The ZDP becomes even greater if the MKO is adequate. Culture The background of an individual is important because it may determine their current knowledge. The experiences someone has may differ from someone's else’s. Inner Speech Process in which one speaks to himself, also known as metacognition. The "AHA!" moment. It relates to scraffolding a student learns by himself, and the MKO intervenes when necessary. How do they relate? Both theories admit that each individual learn at different rates.
Both theories involve individual thinking, but Vygotsky thinks is not the only way to learn so he incorporated social interaction. (Egocentrism vs Metacognition)

This theory says that once the current knowledge of an individual is detected, you can build upon it with new information Includes Cognitive Constructivism
Social Constructivism
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