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The path to Irish freedom

Irish Republican Army

ross davis

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of The path to Irish freedom

The Journey to Irish Freedom
Principles of the proclamation:

that the Rising marked another wave of attempts to achieve independence through force of arms;
that the Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army were central to the Rising;
"the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland"
that the form of government was to be a republic;
a guarantee of "religious and civil liberty, equal rights and equal opportunities to all its citizens", the first mention of gender equality, given that Irish women under British law were not allowed to vote;
a commitment to universal suffrage, a phenomenon limited at the time to only a handful of countries, not including Britain;
a promise to cherish "all the children of the nation equally"
The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB)
Politics and The Land
After the famine:
The Land War!

From Mayo
Entered a workhouse
after being evicted
1870 - Gladstone First Land Act: No 3 F's

Irish Republican Brotherhood member

The 3 F's

Fair Rent
Fixity of Tenure
Fair Sale
The Irish Land League - founded in 1879
Die-hard Irish
Protestant Irish landowner
After the 'Great Hunger'
More land because less people
A lot of vacated farms because of emigration
Ulster's success
The 3 F's
Landowner, farmer and labourer
Rise of Fenianism (Being a Fenian)
Home Rule
Home Rule?
Easter Rising
War of Independence
Irish Tenant League
1858 - First meeting.
Originally just called the 'Organisation.'
It's first members come from the failed uprising during the 'Great Hunger.'
Only had one policy Irish freedom
Michael Davitt
Stewart Parnell
Isaac Butt
1867 Fenian Uprising includes dynamiting mainland England.
JODY: What do you believe in?
FERGUS: That you guys shouldn't be here.
JODY: It's that simple?
Home Rule Bills
Michael Collins and James Connelly
Film's Themes
"From my earliest youth I have regarded the connection between Ireland and England as the curse of the Irish nation, and felt while it lasted that this country could neither be free nor happy"
Fenians and Violence
Theobold Wolfetone
Leader of the Irish Home Rule
Party convinced British Prime
Minister William Gladstone to support
Irish motions in the British Parliament
"My mission is to pacify Ireland."
1881 - 2nd Irish Land Act: 3 F's
- Forced through Home Rule land objectives
- Especially focused on stopping evictions.
- led to the 'Land War 1879-1882'
- coined the term 'boycott'
- Had their own courts.
Suspended operations in favour of supporting the Home Rule Party in the 1870's
In conclusion

The Land Question.
Famine - American support
Irish Republican Brotherhood
15 leaders were executed by firing squad
Growth in Republicanism - Sinn Fein became the lead government
1917 Thomas Ashe death on hunger strike
Anti British sentiment returns + 1918 conscription crisis.
Ascendency of Michael Collins and Eamon De Valera
Anglo-Irish War/War of Independence
Irish Civil War
The Republican of Ireland Act
Land Acts
1882 - Kilmainham Treaty***
- 2,000,000 pounds of debt written off.
Anglo-Irish War by numbers
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr


British Army
Military strength

Free State

(9,700 Royal Irish Constabulary)
(7,000 Black and tans)
(Only 3,000 served at one time)
Civil War by numbers
Military strength
First Irish Home Rule Bill defeated in the House of Commons and never introduced in the House of Lords.

Second Irish Home Rule Bill passed the House of Commons, but defeated in the House of Lords.

Third Irish Home Rule Bill passed under the Parliament Act after House of Lords defeats, with Royal Assent as the Government of Ireland Act 1914 but never came into force, due to the intervention of World War I (1914–18)

Full transcript