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Argumentative Essay

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by

Martha Isabel Restrepo Velez

on 22 February 2017

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Transcript of Argumentative Essay

Katherine Soto
Yuri Infante
Camila Bejarano
Martha Restrepo
ARGUMENTATIVE
ESSAY

This kind of essay not only give information, it also presents an argument with:

The objective:

To persuade people to change beliefs that they do not want to change.
Definition
PROS
Supporting ideas
CONS
Opposing ideas
We should:

Take our position

Write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior.
It should contain an argument
It should be a topic that can be adequately supported
It should be narrowed down
The topic must be such that
Marijuana should be considered illegal.
√Selling and using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal.
Considering its geological position, Turkey has an important geopolitical role in the EU.

Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey.
We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car.

If we are under the age of 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car.

Are you one of those who thinks cheating is not good for students?


Cheating helps students learn.
I feel that writing an argumentative essay is definitely a challenging task
Organization
A method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach
1) an introductory paragraph
2) Three evidentiary body paragraphs that may include discussion of opposing views
3) a conclusion.
All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs
Is necessary to make a list of these ideas and choose the most suitable ones among them for supporting and refuting.
Supporting our ideas
This is the most important part when persuading others
We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities
Here are some faulty supports we should avoid:

Unreliable, even false outside sources
Feelings, emotional arguments
Irrelevant examples
Oversimplification
Hasty generalizations
Refuting opposing arguments
Be prepared to defend your side by knowing the strongest arguments for the other side.

You might be challenged by the teacher or by another student.
Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and psychologically mature enough to cope with the problems of the real world. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age.
Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong.
Example...
Language
When pointing out opposing arguments (CONs)
Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that …

Those who disagree / are against these ideas may say / assert that …

Some people may disagree with this idea.
When stating specifically why they think like that:
The put forward this idea because …

They claim that … since …
Say that their argument is irrelevant to the topic:

What we are discussing here is not what they are trying to prove.

Their argument is irrelevant.
Reaching the turning point
However
but
On the other hand
When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies
Compromise but prove that their argument is not powerful enough:

They have a point in thinking like that.ç
To a certain extent they are right.
Completely disagree:

After seeing this evidence, there is no way we can agree with what they say.
Sources...


http://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/ARGUMENTATIVE%20ESSAY.htm

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/685/05/

http://spot.pcc.edu/~dramirez/GreatEssays/argumentessay.html
Thank you
Example...
Full transcript