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Copy of Somalia: Uneven Development & Gender Inequality
Transcript of Copy of Somalia: Uneven Development & Gender Inequality
Somalia: Fact file
99% Muslim - Shari’a law
Somali Democratic Republic 1969 - 1991
1991 - ongoing - Somali Civil War
Somaliland, Putland and Galmudug
2000 - Interim TNG
2006 - TFG with Ethiopian Army regained control from ICU
Formation of Al-Shabaab
Federal Government of Somalia - August 2012
Rostow's Model Stage 1
Introduction to Women in Somalia
"A mother's purpose is to be a cook, laundrywoman, nurturer and wife to her husband," - traditional role of women
50% of population
600,000 women IDP of reproductive age
Maternal mortality rate - 1,400 per 100,000 live births
Women in Society
2011 FGM legalised in Puntland
Conflicting national constitution drafts - corruption?
5% female literacy rate
12% female teachers
2004 UNICEF report - 22% primary school enrollment, 9% girls, 6% at secondary school
Unprotected IPD settlements
Perpetrators live in impunity
Gender Inequality within Somalia 2013
Guiding Frameworks for Gender Equality
The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment, 1995
UNSCRs 1325, 1820, 1888 and 1889
"One of the poorest, most violent and lawless countries, Somalia ranked fifth due to a catalog of dangers including high maternal mortality, rape, female genital mutilation (FGM) and child marriage"