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Multifaceted Merlin

As a malleable character and archetype, Merlin is complex and always changing. This Prezi shows some of the roles Merlin has cropped up in over time.
by

Holly Harrison

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Multifaceted Merlin

by Holly Harrison Professor L. Farber
EngL 3960W
27 April 2010 Ambrosius Aurelianus from Nennius’s "The History of the Britons," written c. 830 The Celtic figure, Myrddin Detail from 14th-century Robert de Barron manuscrcript Myrddin being converted to Christianity by Saint Kentigern at Stobo Kirk, Borders, Scotland Ambrosius Merlin
From 14th-century French manuscript by Robert de Barron Merlin's Origins: Geoffrey of Monmouth, History of the Kings of Britain The standard depiction of Merlin first appears in Geoffrey's "History of the Kings of Britain," written c. 1136. Ambrosius was a boy-prophet with no father and was, later in his life, a war leader. Several Welsh poems throughout medieval history feature Myrddin primarily as a mad outlaw who spent much of his time speaking and prophesying to a piglet—his sole companion in the woods.

Analogues of the tale exist in Irish and Scottish tradition. half-human, half-demon
prophet
wizard
adviser
engineer of Camelot
In "The History of the Kings of Britain" In "Life of Merlin" warrior
madman
nature-dweller
prophet
lover
murderer c. 1150, lesser-known Merlin is multiple and complex from his literary birth, fundamentally built for reinvention and/or adaptation. Naturally, that is exactly what happened. Prophet Non-human Adviser Engineer of
Athur/Camelot Warrior Madman Nature-dweller Lover Murderer Wizard Who is Merlin? An illustration by Dan Beard from Mark Twain's "A Connecticut Yankee at King Arthur's Court," 1889. Non-wizard "Harry Potter" series A wizard from antiquity, a curse word, a Muggle-lover, a face on Chocolate Frog cards. Juvenile fiction by J.K. Rowling, 1997-2007 "Prophécies de Merlin" 1270s, Richart d'Irlande Commented on political/religious matters. "The Speeches at Prince Henries Barriers" Ben Jonson, 1609 Merlin reads a shield from the Lady of the Lake, essentially predicting the glories of Arthurian and English history, including the accomplishments of the Tudor and Stewart monarchs and a final prophecy about James and his line. Used purported prophecies of Merlin as the basis for a history of England up to the beginning of the reign of Charles I. "Life of Merlin" Thomas Heywood, 1641 Author Merlin Anglicus (Junior), Almanacs William Lilly, 1644- Merlin's name was frequently used by astrologers and writers of almanacs in the seventeenth century. Merlinus Liberatus / Merlinus Redivivus, Almanac John Partridge, late 17th / early 18th century Merlin's name was frequently used by astrologers and writers of almanacs in the seventeenth century. "A Famous Prediction of Merlin, the British Wizard, Written above a Thousand Years Ago and Relating to the Present Year 1709" Jonathan Swift, 1709 Mocking the abuse of prophecies attributed to Merlin, Swift created a prophecy with the obscure language and animal imagery typical of the genre. He twisted its language so any meaning could be wrung from it, proclaiming that such obscurity is "after the usual manner of old astrological predictions." "Illustrations of the Fulfilment of the Prediction of Merlin: Occasioned by the Late Outrageous Attack of the British Ship of War the Leopard on the American Frigate Chesapeake, and the Measures Taken by the President, Supported by the Citizens Thereon" Joseph Leigh, 1807 Merlin supposedly foresaw the attack of the British ship Leopard on the American vessel Chesapeake (a significant event leading to the War of 1812) and dire consequences for Britain unless reparations were made. "Merlin's Last Prophecy" George Darley, 1838 Predicted the glories of Victoria (who had ascended to the throne a year earlier) and the British Empire. "The Prophecy of Merlin" John Reade, 1870 Merlin foretells to Bedivere that Victoria and Albert will restore the values that Arthur represented. Makes reference to specific details of their reign, including the construction of the Crystal Palace and birth of a son named Arthur, etc. Lancelot-Grail Cycle Robert de Boron, 1215-35 "Estoire de Merlin" begins with a council of devils complaining about Christ's redemption of sinners and plotting to bring into the world a man sired by one of their kind in order to win back those who had turned to Christ. Their (failed) antichrist is Merlin. Lancelot-Grail Cycle Robert de Boron, 1215-35 Like in Geoffrey, Merlin is summoned for sacrifice by Vortigern when he proves himself a prophet. Lancelot-Grail Cycle Robert de Boron, 1215-35 Merlin assists uther in satisfying his lust for Ygraine and in return is promised custody of Arthur, the child fo that union. Lancelot-Grail Cycle Robert de Boron, 1215-35 Adviser to King Arthur. Lancelot-Grail Cycle Robert de Boron, 1215-35 The climax of the Vulgate Merlin is the story of his love for Viviane (or Niniane), to whom he teaches magic. Viviane traps him in what he perceives as a beautiful tower and actually cares for him, visiting the tower often. "Suite du Merlin" Viviane wants to learn magic from Merlin but does not love him (because he is the son of the devil). She seals him in a tomb, upside down.

Since this account of Merlin's entombment was the one Malory knew, the tradition that is primarily passed on to English and American readers is that of the Viviane who does not love Merlin and entombs him because she tires of his advances. "Suite du Merlin" Viviane wants to learn magic from Merlin but does not love him (because he is the son of the devil). "Silence" Heldris de Cornualle, late 13th century Merlin laughs at peasant buying new pair of shoes who will die before he wears them, a leper begging with treasure buried beneath him, at a priest who had fathered a child, at a nun who was really a man... Lancelot-Grail Cycle Robert de Boron, 1215-35 "Suite du Merlin" "Silence" Heldris de Cornualle, late 13th century Laughs at peasant buying new pair of shoes who will die before he wears them, a leper begging with treasure buried beneath him, at a priest who had fathered a child, at a nun who was really a man... "Arthour and Merlin" 13th-century English romance Adaptation of French sources. Tells role of the devil in Merlin's birth. "Arthour and Merlin" 13th-century English romance Adaptation of French sources. Tells story of Merlin's revelation of dragons fighting beneath castle foundation. "Arthour and Merlin" 13th-century English romance Assists Uther in satisfying his lust for Igerne by smearing him with herbs so he takes on the appearance of her husband, the Duke of Cornwall. Merlin receives the baby born of that union and entrusts his upbringing to Antor. "Arthour and Merlin" 13th-century English romance "Arthour and Merlin" 13th-century English romance Adviser to kings and to Arthur. Vulgate "Merlin" English translation by Henry Lovelich The manuscript ends before Merlin's entrapment, which presumably would have followed the Vulgate version in which Nimiane loves him and returns to visit him. "Prose Merlin" Anonymous translation of the Vulgate "Merlin" into Middle English As in the French source, Nimiane requites Merlin's love and visits him often in the tower she has constructed magically. "Prose Merlin" Anonymous translation of the Vulgate "Merlin" into Middle English Vulgate "Merlin" English translation by Henry Lovelich "Tom Thumb" Henry Fielding, 1730
Tom Thumb is "by Merlin's Art begot." "The Tragedy of Tragedies" Play by Henry Fielding, 1731 An expansion of "Tom Thumb." In it, Merlin quotes from the ballad "The Life and Death of Tom Thumb" to explain his role in Tom's birth. Merlin predicts Tom will be swallowed by a cow, but Tom is content because, as Merlin tells him, this 'heroic Act' will be memorialized in a 'tunefull Opera.' "The Opera of the Operas; or, Tom Thumb the Great" Eliza Haywood and William Hatchett, 18th century "The Opera of the Operas; or, Tom Thumb the Great" Eliza Haywood and William Hatchett, 18th century "The Birth of Merlin" William Rowley, c.1620 The comic action involves a search by Merlin's mother for the father of her child. "The Birth of Merlin" William Rowley, c.1620 Through the familiar device of Vortiger's red and white dragons, Merlin predicts the downfall of Vortiger and the victory of Uter, as well as the birth of Uter's two children. "The Birth of Merlin" Comedic play by William Rowley, c.1620 The devil returns to take advantage of his mother, and Merlin seals him in a rock where he will never touch a woman again. "Merlin or The Devil of Stone-Henge" Lewis Theobald, music and dance by John Galliard It declares Merlin to be demon-born and therefore an agent of the devil in beguiling humans, including Faust. Merlin, "Merlin or The Devil of Stone-Henge" Lewis Theobald, music and dance by John Galliard It declares Merlin to be demon-born and therefore an agent of the devil in beguiling humans, including Faust. Villain "Merlin or The Devil of Stone-Henge" Lewis Theobald, music and dance by John Galliard, 18th century The play is perhaps most interesting for the suggestion in its introduction that Merlin erected Stonehenge as a monument to his mother. "Merlin in Love or Youth against Magic" Aaron Hill, 18th century The play presents Merlin "dress'd like a conjurere, with his wand, long beard, and trailing robe." "Merlin in Love or Youth against Magic" Aaron Hill, 18th century play Merlin becomes enamoured of a young woman named Columbine. She accepts his love in order to save her lover Harlequin from Furies that Merlin has called upon to torment him. Later, Columbine uses a magic wand to change the wizard into an ass. "Merlin: Eine Mythe" Karl Leberecht Immermann, 1832 The play enacts Satan's attempt to beget a child who will win back mankind from Christ. "Merlin: A Drama in Three Acts" Lambert A. Wilmer, 1827 Merlin is a Cupid-playing Prospero figure who commands both the spirits and the elements and in whom the play's Arthurian, Shakespearian, and classical influences blend. "Merlin and Vivian" Play Ethel Watts Mumford with music by Henry Hadley Teaches Vivian his magic. "Merlin and Vivian" Ethel Watts Mumford, music by Henry Hadley Morgan-le-Fay sends Vivian to deceive Merlin, who can be overcome only by love. Merlin teaches Vivian his magic, and she reciprocates by enshrouding him in a "spiderweb of Hate" made of her own hair, then seals him in a tomb. With his final words, Merlin, still enamoured, forgives her. (Play) (Comedic play) (Comedic play) (Burlesque) (Play written for his friend, Edgar Allan Poe) (Musical) "Thor, with Angels" A play by Christopher Fry, 1948 ". . . he is also the seer who has experienced terrible defeat yet who is the harbinger of God's new kingdom in Britain." "Merlin's Youth" Poem by George Bidder, 1899 A woman named Yberha tells Merlin she can only marry a man who learns all the spells she knows; otherwise she would have to give up her magic, and her husband would "wed me as a powerless maid." "Merlin's Youth" Poem by George Bidder, 1899 Tells of the young Merlin's love for a woman named Yberha. "Merlin's Youth" Poem by George Bidder, 1899 When Yberha's father is killed in battle, she blames Merlin, even though he fought bravely in the vanguard and caused the enemy to flee. Later, Merlin becomes a powerful figure who controls kings and directs armies. "Merlin's Youth" Poem by George Bidder, 1899 Merlin grows up to control kings and councils and direct armies. Bard "Merlin I," "Merlin II," "Merlin's Song" Poems by Ralph Waldo Emerson, 19th century Rather than a character in a story, Merlin becomes, in effect, a symbol for the visionary, self-reliant individual that Emerson sees as an ideal. Wise Old Man "The Wisdom of Merlin" Poem by Wilfred Scawen Blunt, 1914 He proclaims that wisdom is learning "the proportion of things" and that "the knowledge of women the beginning of wisdom is." "To Nimue" Poem by Wilfred Scawen Blunt, 1914 Describes Nimue's mature beauty, which makes Merlin "a prophet no more, but a desolate, voiceless man." "The Riddles of Merlin" Poem by Alfred Noyes, 1920 Merlin's "miracles" are a metaphor for the beauties of nature which cannot be explained by science. "Merlin" Poem by Edwin Muir, 1937 Looks to Merlin for the answer to life's mysteries. "Merlin and the Gleam" A poem by Lord Alfred Tennyson, 1889 The best known of the poems that make Merlin into the embodiment of wisdom, in which Merlin represents Tennyson himself, and the Gleam he follows is the artist's imagination. "Merlin and the Gleam" A poem by Lord Alfred Tennyson, 1889 The best known of the poems that make Merlin into the embodiment of wisdom, in which Merlin represents Tennyson himself, and the Gleam he follows is the artist's imagination. "Merlin" Blank verse poem by Clyde B. Furst, 1930 Depicts a Merlin whom the devil tries "to make a son in deed, as well as might," but who rises above the conflict between "the saint and fiend within his veins." "The Throne of Merlin" Poem by Robert Clark Schaller, 1937 "Merlin" Poem by Edwin Arlington Robinson, 1917 Merlin is not the mystical figure, not the prophet or magician or shape-shifter that he is in earlier versions of the story. Even Merlin's confinement in Broceliande is divested of its magical element. Of his own free will, Merlin remains with Vivian. "The Voice of Merlin" Poem by Alec Craig, 1946 Merlin's magic causes Uther and Ulfius to sleep and dream that Uther has intercourse with Igraine. In realty, it is Merlin who fathers Arthur. "The Voice of Merlin" Poem by Alec Craig, 1946 Merlin's magic causes Uther and Ulfius to sleep and dream that Uther has intercourse with Igraine. In realty, it is Merlin who fathers Arthur. "The Voice of Merlin" Poem by Alec Craig, 1946 Merlin becomes enamoured of Nimue and teaches her his lore. But Nimue loves Pelleas more than Merlin, whom she rejects and from whom she flees to a mountain retreat. Shapeshifter "The Voice of Merlin" Poem by Alec Craig, 1946 Hearing of the trouble at Arthur's court, Merlin returns to Camelot in disguise to witness Mordred's plotting, the condemnation and rescue of Guinevere, and Arthur's final battle. "Merlin Is Wise" Poem by Margaret Widdemer, 1925 The poem describes a Merlin who "ruled demons and great kigns" but whose wisdom had little room for his heart. "Merlin" Poem by L. Sprague de Camp, 1981 Merlin speaks from an ancient oak tree to a modern tourist. He admits that he allowed that "baggage Vivian" to imprison him because her "never-ending speech" made it impossible from him to think. "Merlin" Poem by L. Sprague de Camp, 1981 Trapped by Vivian in an oak tree, Merlin has spent "fourteen centuries" in "ecstasy of thought." "Merlin in the Cave: He Speculates without a Book" Poem by Thom Gunn, 1955 Once he is sealed away without a book, Merlin sees that there is a real world of change, the world of the bee and the rook. In short, he realizes that meaning must be found in each event, and in each individual thing in the world, and not in some static theory of the absolute. "The Naming of the Lost" Blank verse poem by Valerie Nieman, 1989 A lost and nameless wanderer discovers her identity as Nimue and is reconciled with Merlin. "Merlin l'enchanteur" French romantic novel by Edgar Quinet, 1860 Depicts a Merlin who represents France in opposition to German intellectualism and English industrialization. "Merlin l'enchanteur" French romantic novel by Edgar Quinet, 1860 Depicts a Merlin who represents France in opposition to German intellectualism and English industrialization. "Billy Budd" Fiction by Herman Melville, written c.1891 and published 1924 The Old Dansker who advises Billy is compared to Merlin; like the adviser of Arthurian legend he is unable to prevent the tragic death of the protagonist. "Billy Budd" Fiction by Herman Melville, written c.1891 and published 1924 The Old Dansker who advises Billy is compared to Merlin; like the adviser of Arthurian legend he is unable to prevent the tragic death of the protagonist. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" Novel by Mark Twain, 1889 Merlin is a representative of superstition and undemocratic values, and thus a villain. "Billy Budd" Fiction by Herman Melville, written c.1891 and published 1924 The Old Dansker who advises Billy is compared to Merlin; like the adviser of Arthurian legend he is unable to prevent the tragic death of the protagonist. "Something about Eve" Episodic satiric novel, James Branch Cabell On his journey, the protagonist encounters Merlin, who explains the notion of chivalry that he gave Arthur and his knights "to play with." While it was beautiful, he explains that it was "a rather outrageous notion upon which all was founded." "Something about Eve" Episodic satiric novel, James Branch Cabell Merlin has left Camelot behind so that he could dwell with Nimue. He finds a certain amont of domestic bliss with her, but no variety, so he leaves her to seek Antan with the protagonist. "Something about Eve" Episodic satiric novel, James Branch Cabell On his journey, the protagonist encounters Merlin, who explains the notion of chivalry that he gave Arthur and his knights "to play with." While it was beautiful, he explains that it was "a rather outrageous notion upon which all was founded." "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" Novel by Mark Twain, 1889 Before Hank Morgan's arrival, Merlin was Arthur's right hand man. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" Novel by Mark Twain, 1889 He appears to be a hack magician until the very last chapter, when he puts Hank Morgan in an enchanted sleep that will carry him back to the 19th century. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" Novel by Mark Twain, 1889 He appears to be a hack magician until the very last chapter, when he puts Hank Morgan in an enchanted sleep that will carry him back to the 19th century. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" Novel by Mark Twain, 1889 When he comes to put Hank Morgan in an enchanted sleep that will carry him back to the 19th century, Merlin is disguised as a goodwife. "Merlin e familia" Series of tales by Alvaro Cunqueiro, 1955 Merlin is a figure of legend who interacts with Hamlet and studies lightning with Benjamin Franklin. Naturally, he knows magic. "Porius" Novel by John Copwer Powys, written before 1963, edited and published in 1994 Myrddin Wyllt (Merlin) is the counsellor both of the Emporer Arthur and of Uthyr Pendragon before him. "Porius" Novel by John Copwer Powys, written before 1963, edited and published in 1994 His mother was a "proud, pure nun, loved by that celestial visitor." "Porius" Novel by John Copwer Powys, written before 1963, edited and published in 1994 Porius considers Myrddin (Merlin) a "deus mortuus or corpse-god" who is "roused to any natural life at all by his weird mania for Nineue's satiny skin." Myrddin allows Nineue to think that he cannot break the spell she uses on him, and he lies "for days without moving" but he is "pretending all the time." "Porius" Novel by John Copwer Powys, written before 1963, edited and published in 1994 Myrddin's (Merlin's) philosophy epitomizes the theme of the novel. He claims "the Devil is every god that extracts obedience" and that the world needs "more common-sense, more kindness, more indulgence, more leaving people alone." "Porius" Novel by John Copwer Powys, written before 1963, edited and published in 1994 Myrddin (Merlin) believes that the hope of the world is that the "earth lasts and man lasts, and the animals and birds and fishes last, but gods and governments perish." In the end, Myrddin wants "to go under a stone for two thousand years" to await "a second Golden Age wherein men and animals and birds and fishes will live in peace. "The Crystal Cave" Novel by Mary Stewart, 1970 In the recesses of the cave of Galapas, a wise man, there is a crystal cave wherein Merlin sees visions of future events. "The Crystal Cave" Novel by Mary Stewart, 1970 Merlin's raising of the stones at Stonehenge is the result of engineering, not magic. Merlin is, nevertheless, gifted with special sight and prophecy. There is a 1992 BBC movie adaptation called "Merlin of the Crystal Cave." There is a 1992 BBC movie adaptation called "Merlin of the Crystal Cave." "The Crystal Cave" Novel by Mary Stewart, 1970 There is a 1992 BBC movie adaptation called "Merlin of the Crystal Cave." The novel culminates with Merlin assisting Uther to reach Ygraine and the conception of Arthur, an act accomplished with Ygraine's collusion. "The Last Enchantment" Novel by Mary Stewart, 1979 Morguase poisons Merlin. He survives, but is maddened by the poison. When his sense return he is chronically ill and ultimately lapses into a coma. "The Last Enchantment" Novel by Mary Stewart, 1979 Nimue, who Merlin has been teaching and with whom he has developed a loving relationship, takes over Merlin's role as prophet and adviser to Arthur when Merlin appears to be dead. "The Last Enchantment" Novel by Mary Stewart, 1979 Merlin wakes from a poison-induced coma in the cave they laid him to rest in. He keeps himself alive until he is released by a former servant named Stilicho. Soon he retires to his cave to live in seclusion. "The Coming of the King" Novel by Nikolai Tolstoy, 1989 Merlin advises a different king, Maelgwn Gwynedd, in a relationship comparable to that which Merlin traditionally enjoys with Arthur. "The Coming of the King" Novel by Nikolai Tolstoy, 1989 Merlin the shaman mediates between this world and the otherworld. "Merlin" Novel by Robert Nye, 1978 This retelling of Merlin's story is based on the Vulgate, Tennyson, and Geoffrey, but it is decidedly original in some details and in the sexual nature of many of the events described, such as Blaise's lengthy questioning of Merlin's mother about the salacious details of her coupling with the devil. "That Hideous Strength" Novel by C. S. Lewis, 1945 Merlin is brought back by the protagonists to destroy the evil Institute, which is trying to make a new type of man through "sterilization of the unfit, liquidation of backward races, selective breeding" and ultimately do away with all vegetation and animal life. "The Last Defender of Camelot" Novel by Roger Zelazny, 1980 Merlin plans to use Launcelot to start rebuilding a world like Camelot, but his morality is dangerous and misguided. "In a more primitive time and place and with a willing tool like Arthur, he was able to create a legend. Today, in an age of monstrous weapons . . . he could unleash something totally devastating." "The Last Defender of Camelot" Novel by Roger Zelazny, 1980 Keeps Launcelot alive until the twentieth century with a spell, then sets to reinvent civilization according to his chivalric ideal. "Merlin and the Dragons of Atlantis" Novel by Rita Hildebrandt, 1983 Merlin is a scientist in Atlantis who must kill a tyrannical ruler who has used his dragons, engineered for war, to take over. He has developed serums that will sink him into centuries-long sleep, and at the end he awakes in the time of Arthur and Camelot. "Merlin" Second novel in Stephen R. Lawhead's "Pendragon Cycle, 1988 Depicts Merlin as a warrior-king, a seer, and a wise man who prepares the way for Arthur. "Merlin" Second novel in Stephen R. Lawhead's "Pendragon Cycle, 1988 Depicts Merlin as a warrior-king, a seer, and a wise man who prepares the way for Arthur. "Merlin" Second novel in Stephen R. Lawhead's "Pendragon Cycle, 1988 Depicts Merlin as a warrior-king, a seer, and a wise man who prepares the way for Arthur. "Merlin" Second novel in Stephen R. Lawhead's "Pendragon Cycle, 1988 Depicts Merlin as a warrior-king, a seer, and a wise man who prepares the way for Arthur. "Merlin" Second novel in Stephen R. Lawhead's "Pendragon Cycle, 1988 Depicts Merlin as a warrior-king, a seer, and a wise man who prepares the way for Arthur. "Merlin's Godson" Novel by H. Warner Munn, 1976 Merlin reaches the new world after the fall of Arthur's realm and becomes a military leader of the Aztecs. "Merlin's Mirror" Novel by Andre Norton, 1975 The product of an advanced civilization from outer space, Merlin is fatherless because he is conceived not by the devil but by means of artificial insemination when a metal container traveling through space detects a beacon left by former alien visitors to earth, descends, and impregnates a British woman. "Merlin's Mirror" Novel by Andre Norton, 1975 Merlin tries to help Arthur establish a new world order based on the superior knowledge to which Merlin has access, as a descendent of aliens. Nimue seals him in a cave with a force field, but he uses a suspended animation machine to survive until the field's power weakens. "Merlin's Mirror" Novel by Andre Norton, 1975 Merlin tries to help Arthur establish a new world order based on the superior knowledge to which Merlin has access, as a descendent of aliens. "Merlin's Mirror" Novel by Andre Norton, 1975 Merlin tries to help Arthur establish a new world order based on the superior knowledge to which Merlin has access, as a descendent of aliens. "Merlin's Gift" Novel by Ian McDowell, 1997 Merlin, who assisted Morgawse in seducing Arthur, has been exiled. The king considers the sorcerer an irredeemable man. After being let back into Camelot, Merlin mentions the affair of Mordred and Guinevere, and Arthur beheads him. "Merlin's Gift" Novel by Ian McDowell, 1997 Merlin is called back from exile to help Nimue, who was born a girl but grows a penis when she approaches puberty. Only his power to transform the nature of things can restore her feminine form. "The Elixir" Novel by Robert Nathan, 1971 The narrator meets Merlin, who is a bookseller and apothecary in Cornwall. "Triad" Horror novel by Mary Leader, 1973 Dr. Ambrose, Merlin in a modern guise, is a psychologist helping a woman who accidentally killd her wicked cousin Rhiannon as a child. "The Lost Years of Merlin" series Juvenile fiction by T. A. Barron, 1996-1999 Recounts adventures in which the young Merlin is blinded but develops second sight and other powers. "The Young Merlin Trilogy" Juvenile fiction by Jane Yolen, 1996-1997 In "Passager," Merlin reclaims his magical identity after being abandoned in the woods and adopted by a falconer. "The Young Merlin Trilogy" Juvenile fiction by Jane Yolen, 1996-1997 In "Hobby" (1996), Merlin assumes new identities as "Hawk" and "Hobby," the birds that recur in his dreams, and explores his new powers, especially the dreams that come true "on the slant." "The Dragon's Boy" Juvenile fiction by Jane Yolen, 1990 Merlin is reveald to be the dragon whom Artos (Arthur) encuonters in a dark cave and who imparts the knowledge Artos needs to become a man and warrior. "Epitaph" from Merlin's Brooke collection Juvenile fiction by Jane Yolen, 1986 Merlin's grave is discovered, and when a casket containing his heart is opened, it gives different observers visions of the past, the present, and an apocalyptic future. "The Weathermonger" Juvenile fiction by Peter Dickinson, 1968 Technology has become so feared in Britain that anyone who is at all itnerested in machinery is put to death. Geoffrey Tinker and his sister, Sally, discover Merlin. His resting place was uncovered by a man named Furbelow, who attempted to conrol Merlin by giving him morphine but who instead became a servent to Merlin, whose drug-clouded mind imposed the medieval mentality on England. "The Sword in the Stone" T. H. White ...you know the story. :) "Mr. Merlin" Television series, 1981-1982 Banard Hughes stars as Merlin in the modern world. He is a garage owner and mechanic in San Francisco who takes on a teenaged apprentice after he pulls a crowbar from a block of concrete. Sources (in no particular order): "The Oxford Guide to Arthurian Literature and Legend" --Alan Lupack, 2005 "The Arthurian Handbook" --Norris J. Lacy, Geoffrey Ashe, Debra N. Mancoff; 1997, 2nd ed. "Merlin: A Casebook" --Peter H. Goodrich, Raymond H. Thompson; 2003 "The Book of Merlin: Insights from the First Merlin Conference" --R. J. Stewart, 1986 "Merlin Versus Faust: Contending Archetypes in Western Culture" --Charlotte Spivack, 1992 Multifaceted Merlin If you are feeling exploratory, zoom out (scroll down) and click around! The presentation path will show you only a few examples of the many, many Merlins on this Prezi. To go back to the path, just press the forward arrow key!
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