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Lupus

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Jessica Beckwith

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of Lupus

Lupus
Causes of Lupus
Determinants that may play a
role in the occurrence?
Body systems that are affected.
Kidneys:
Causes inflammation and impairs ability to wash toxins from the body.Usually requires strong drugs to stop permanent damage.
Lungs:
Some people get pleuritis, an inflammation of the lining of the chest cavity that causes chest pain, while breathing. Patients with lupus also may get pneumonia.
Nervous System:
Can cause headaches, dizziness, depression, memory disturbances, vision problems, seizures, stroke, or changes in behavior.
Blood/Blood Vessels:
Blood vessels may become inflamed (vasculitis), affecting the way blood flows through the body. Also may be at risk for atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). Have risk for blood clots.
Heart:
Heart can become inflamed (myocarditis), causing chest pains. Also have risk of growths on heart valves with can cause heart murmurs, but doesn't affect valve
Treatments
Lupus is treated by doctors who are specialists in rheumatology. Treatments include:
-People with the mild disease can take anti- inflammotory, such as aspirin and Advil for joint pain.
-Rashes and severe joint pain may be reduced by taking hydroxychloroquine. It also reduce the number of Lupus flare ups.
-Corticosteroids reduces inflammation and also is recommended for flare up.
-People with active, autoantibody-positive lupus can take Benlysta. The drug targets a protein in B cell developement and reduces the number of abnormal B cells thought to be the cause of Lupus.
- Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications can help with sleeping problems.
-Cyclophosphamide are used in severe cases were the kidney and brain are damaged, it is adrug that slowsand stops cell growth.

Know one what actually causes lupus,they do know that it is a autoimmune disease that causes a persons body to attack its own tissues. That being said some factors in contracting lupus may be,

Genetics:
If people in your family have lupus that means that you are more susceptible to getting Lupus. IT does not mean that you are going to get it though.
Environment:
Some environmental factors connected to lupus are,exposure to ultraviolet light , smoking and exposure to smoking, stress, and exposure to toxins in well water and silica dust.
Hormones and Illness:
Researchers believe that hormones are connected to autoimmune diseases,and increased risks of lupus are found in those with high levels of estrogen. Those with Hepatitis C may develop lupus, and the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is linked to childhood lupus.
Medication:
Some medications have been linked to lupus., and drug induced lupus is based on this notion.Using some medications for long periods of time can increase chances of getting lupus, and stopping medicine can help lower the risk of getting Lupus.

Doctors believe that it is a mixture of all of these that can cause someone to get lupus, but they don't know for sure.

Lupus is not contagious and know one truly knows why people get lupus, because of this we don't know how it is transferred or how to contain it.
There are some factors that make you more susceptible to getting it though, these include.

If someone in your family has or had lupus you have a higher risk of contracting it. Also if you smoke or are around people who smoke, your chance of getting lupus may be raised. Diet and medication can also be linked to lupus.

While all of these factors elevate your risk, they don't mean you are going to get lupus.
Is the disease transferable?
How can it be contained?
Prevention
No one really knows what causes lupus so there is no way to really prevent lupus. Although you can not prevent it, there are things you can do to lower your chance of getting it. Avoid smoking, keep a healthy diet, be careful with medications, and try to avoid stressful situations.
Does healthy lifestyle choices play a role in preventing or treating the disease?
Who pays for treatment? What levels of healthcare are involved?
What are the rates of occurrence in Alberta or Canada?
A disease with a thousand faces
http://lupus.about.com/od/causesriskfactors/p/LupusCauses.htm
http://www.lupusresearch.org/lupus/what-is.html#.UlWtadLD-Sp
Bibliography
Alternative Treatments
-Chiropractor, special diets, and fish oils
- Relaxation Therapy: Yoga, Massage, and guided imagery.
-Experimental Therapies: Stem cell transplants and biologic treatment.

Biologic Treatment; Blocks specific steps in the autoimmune process without suppressing the entire immune system.

Stem Cell Transplant: The infusion, or injection, of healthy stem cells into your body to replace damaged or diseased stem cell.

Who pays for treatment?
The medical expenses tax credit is administered under the income tax act and helps people offset medical costs associated through an annual tax credit. In order to have your medical costs cover you must submit relevant proof, such as receipts, of purchase with supporting medical information and how it relates to treatment for your disease. Some treatments are covered by Alberta healthcare, such as the steroids, others you can be reimbursed through your own privately paid health insurance, and some you can claim on your personal income tax for a portion.
www.webmd.com
http://www.lupuscanada.org/english/resources/medex_taxcred.html
Prognosis
Its hard to say what the prognosis will be for lupus because its varies from person to person.Its a general rule that half of all lupus patients will have milder skin related issues, but the other half will have more severe organ related issues. Symptoms may continue to appear years after the initial diagnosis, and different symptoms can occur at different times.

Some symptoms are chest pain, hair loss, anemia (a decrease in red blood cells), mouth ulcers, and pale or purple fingers and toes from cold and stress. Some people also experience headaches, dizziness, depression, confusion, or seizures.People with lupus are sensitive to sunlight (called photo sensitivity), skin rashes often first develop or worsen after sun exposure.

In some people with lupus, only one system of the body is affected. Other people have symptoms in many parts of their body. How seriously a body system is affected changes from person to person. Drug treatments may be used depending on what is affected and how severe the condition is. Some systems that are affected that may require drugs are Kidneys, lungs,nervous system, blood vessels, blood, and the heart.


Healthy lifestyle choices do make an difference for people diagnosed with lupus. Exercise, specifically low impact ones, help to reduce stress, fight depression, promote heart wealth, relieve stiffness, increase muscle strength and range of motion, and strengthen muscles and bones . Although exercise is great low impact ones, such as swimming and walking, are key to remember to much exercise can cause fatigue. Eating a healthy diet can also combat symptoms of Lupus. Fruits, veggies, grains, and a moderate amount of meat have been found to reduce inflammation. Calcium rich foods fight osteoporosis and promotes bone healthy. Lastly reducing salt can also help to reduce swelling.
http://www.healthline.com/health/lupus-support/lupus-lifestyle-changes#2
It is estimated that the extrapolated prevalence is 167,319 the estimated population being used was 32,507,874 people.
Gender plays a role in getting the disease. Females are more likely to contract Lupus, this is speculated to be caused by estrogen in the female body. Biology and genetic endowment is another one that can play a role. About 10% of people who get lupus have a family member who have lupus and African, Asian, Latin, and Native American women have a higher rate of occurrence.
http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/bones/lupus.html#
http://www.lupusresearch.org/lupus/symptoms.html#.UlyEtcznbL8
www.googleimages.com
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