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Self Tanning Treatments
Transcript of Self Tanning Treatments
The application of chemicals to the skin to produce an effect similar in appearance to a suntan. Self-tanners today use Dihydroxyacetone aka DHA as their active ingredient. DHA is a simple carbohydrate, and is usually derived from plant sources such as sugar cane, sugar beats, natural sugar from Raspberries or from the fermentation of glycerine. DHA is not a dye – rather it causes a chemical reaction with the amino acids on the top, dead layer of your skin.
Provide Self-tanning treatments
Environmental and safety conditions;
If spray tanning, areas must be well ventilated
Floor protected to prevent residue and slippery surface
No trailing wires, hoses or equipment, workspace clean and tidy with floor protection such as towel roll to prevent slippery floor during application of spray tan
All electrical equipment is PAT tested
Ensure correct personal protective equipment is used
Adhere to COSSH regulations
Applied as liquid and rubbed into skin
Applied by fine mist with the use of a machine
With both techniques guide colour allows even distribution in application
Spray tan can be applied quicker than a manual tan
Manual tan may be potentially less messy than spray tan
It is important to correctly position the client and person applying to ensure evenly distributed tan:
When spray tanning not too close to ensure even mist and not excessive product applied
When manual tanning to view even spread of product also
To allow to dry without rubbing
Explain each step thoroughly and check the client understands direction
remain professional at all times
Provide large towels so the client does not feel exposed
Allow privacy where necessary
Do not leave client unattended for a long period without checking they are ok
Ensure the tan is applied in a manner in which the client i comfortable
Skin tone- Light, medium or dark to prevent to light or dark application
Contraindications- Medical or skin conditions preventing the use of self tan
Which technique is best suited for the client
Preparation client and yourself:
Client consultation form completed and check for contra-indications and check any necessary patch tests ( 24 hours before, if required) have been carried out
Ensure client has received pre-care advice and removed deodorant, perfume, moisturiser and makeup and exfoliated prior to appointment
Apply barrier cream to appropriate areas ie nails
Ensure client has appropriate underwear and foot protection
Factors to take into account when tanning:
Benefit of self tan V's UV tan
UV tan will cause harmful damage to skin, ie premature aging, wrinkles and potentially skin cancer
Self tan will not cause damage to skin or body, unless a large amount inhaled during a spray tan, its is always advised to ask client to hold their breath during applications close to the face
Self tan can be applied all year aruond with no health impact
It is important to disinfect or sterilise equipment and work space following each client to prevent cross infection in any way.
The area must be wiped down, any disposables binned.
How does self tan work?
DHA is a colourless sugar that interacts with the dead cells located in the epidermis. As the sugar interacts with the dead skin cells, a color change occurs. This usually lasts between five to seven days from application.
Daily, millions of dead skin cells are shed or worn away from the surface of the skin, this is why tans from self-tanning lotions/spray will gradually fade- as the dead cells are worn away, so is the tan
Contraindications of self tan:
Tan should not be applied or offered to clients with:
During the 1st Trimester of pregnancy die to melanin changes in the skin (patch test required)
AHA cream users
Skin cancer patients
Contra-actions during tanning:
The client could be allergic to the lotion/solution and could cause skin irritation or other complaints i.e. could cause itching, red rash, inflamed rash, blisters. In the event of allergic reaction rinsing the skin and referring for medical attention would be the best course of action.
A patch test in prior to tanning would help prevent such occurances
Leave tan to develop for at least 6-8 hours, longer if possible
Avoid tight clothing or shoes post tan, ie socks, jeans. Opt for loose clothing and open sandals
Avoid moisturisers or deodorant
Avoid swimming and vigorous exercise for 12 hours to prevent sweating
Avoid sitting on light coloured fabric while guide tan in place
Avoid shaving until 12 hours after application
The guide colour will rinse of in the shower, do not worry, this is normal
Structure and function of the skin
The skin is the largest organ of the body.
It has three main layers, the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous layer.
The epidermis is an elastic layer on the outside that is continually being regenerated
Keratinocytes - the main cells of the epidermis formed by cell division at its base. New cells continually move towards the surface. As they move they gradually die and become flattened.
Corneocytes - the flattened dead keratinocytes that together make up the very outer layer of the epidermis is called the stratum corneum or horny layer. This protective layer is continually worn away or shed.
Melanocytes – produce the pigment melanin that protects against UV radiation and gives skin its colour.
The dermis is the inner layer:
Sweat glands – produce sweat that travels via sweat ducts to openings in the epidermis called pores. They play a role in temperature regulation.
Hair follicles – in which hairs grow. Hairs also play a role in temperature regulation.
Sebaceous glands – produce sebum (an oil) to keep hairs free from dust and bacteria.
The subcutaneous layer under the dermis is made up of connective tissue and fat..
Functions of the skin
Provides a protective barrier against mechanical, thermal and physical injury and hazardous substances.
Prevents loss of moisture.
Reduces harmful effects of UV radiation.
Acts as a sensory organ (touch, detects temperature).
Helps regulate temperature.
An immune organ to detect infections etc.
Production of vitamin D.