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Transcript of Global
(Tanganyika) This image portrays some of the negative aspects of imperialism. Germany needed to find cheap labor after slavery and child labor was outlawed or restricted. It was apparent to them that the citizens of German East Africa would supply them with the cheap labor they required to fuel their economic development. This political cartoon displays how the Europeans were racing for the colonization of various African countries. In fact, the Europeans met at the conference of Berlin to divide up the land in Africa. Coincidentally, no Africans were invited to represent their views on the issue. Bismarck, the Chancellor of Germany, officially endorses the establishment of a protectorate in East Africa. Bismarck sends five warships into East Africa. The Sultan is forced to agree to the division of the mainland.
German officially adds the mainland to its vast growing empire. The Abushiri Rebellion occurs. It began under Abushiri ibn Salim al-Harthi. It was initially successful, the rebels were able to take over many keep trading sites. However, the German government sent troops under Wissmann, whom crushed the revolt. The Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty is introduced, giving Germany regions in Heligoland . The Hehe tribe tries to stop Germany from conquering more lands. They were eventually defeated by rival tribes supporting Germany. Maji Maji Rebellion took place. Larger than both the Hehe war and the Abushiri Rebellion. Began under the Kibata tribe. Approximately 75,000 natives died.
Germany loses World War II in 1945. Years later, Germany gives up some of its colonies in Africa. Tanganyika became an independent republic and is known from then on as Tanzania. March 3,1885 August 7,1885 August 14, 1885 1888-1890 1890 1891-1898 1905 December 9, 1961 Timeline of German East Africa The Imperialism Era 1700s Imperialism has its roots in the Age of Discovery. During this time, the Europeans began to send out explorers to colonize land in the New World. European nations are in conflict over lands in South America. Large numbers of natives in South America are killed. European nations undergo the Industrial Revolution. Develop military technology such as the maxim gun that enables expansion. Europeans divide up Africa in the Berlin Conference to avoid excessive warfare. The Europeans conquer much of Africa except Liberia and Ethiopia. Europe expands into Asia, forcing unequal treaties with China and invading smaller South Asian countries. The United States join Europe in its imperialistic activities after it successfully defeats Spain in the Spanish-American war. Britain adds India to its massive, growing empire. India becomes Britain's most valuable colony. It added India after the Sepoy Rebellion. World War I begins, imperialistic activities come to a halt. 1700s-1800s 1898 1914 1710 - 1850 1858 1884 1910 1860s The Toll of
Imperialism Culture: Society Impact Imperialism allowed the Europeans to benefit at the expense of the natives. Many Africans were forced to work-- almost as slaves for the Europeans. Imperialism aided the expansion of Christianity. Missionaries urged the people in the colonies to reject their traditional values and to accept more modern beliefs. Colony Impact One of the primary reasons why Europe expanded into Africa was because of the desire for more resources. Resources fuel economic growth. The Impact on German East Africa The Robbing of Resources: German East Africa contained abundant resources that made it a favorable region to conquer. German East Africa was rich with coffee, tin, iron, diamonds, gold, nickel, coal and cotton. Impact on Culture: Before Imperialism: Present: Africa was very diverse, mixed with traditional African culture, Muslim and Christianity. Christianity was spreading rapidly in Africa, as African merchants came into contact with European merchants. Based of a census by the Pew Research center. The Death Toll: After slavery was outlawed, and restrictions were placed on child labor, Europe needed to search for cheaper means of labor. Their answer was Africa which was being more thoroughly explored by adventures. The Europeans ordered Africans to accumulate its natural resources such as rubber. Many Africans were treated poorly, and many more were killed during rebellions and uprisings. Population of Africa prior to Imperialism:
(Europeans are participating in slave trade during this time)
Millions were killed as a result of imperialism. 75,000 Africans were killed during the Maji-maji Rebellion alone. Current Demographics (Tanzania): German East Africa is known as United Republic of Tanzania today.
Population = 46,218,486
Gross Domestic Product: $23.71 Billion
Capital City: Dodoma
Official Languages: Swahili and English
Currency: Tanzanian shilling
Government: Democratic Republic with 13 political parties
Economy Type: Socialism, geared towards rapid industrial development. Its economy is based off of agriculture which accounts for one-fourth of its gross domestic product.
Head of State: Jakaya Kikwete Sources: Beck, Paul. THE COLONIAL WARS OF IMPERIAL
GERMANY. Savage and Solider Online. 21 December 2012.
<http://www.savageandsoldier.com/articles/africa/GermanWars.html> The World at War. Schudak. 23 December 2012.
<http://www.schudak.de/timelines/germaneastafrica1884-1922.html> Bismarck also known as the Iron Chancellor Wissmann Imperialism is the policy in which a country takes over another country politically, economically and socially. Current Demographics (Germany) Population: 81,726,000
Gross Domestic Product: $3.57 Trillion (5th Largest)
Capital City: Berlin
Official Language: German
Government: Multi-party system, Democracy, Constitutional republic, Parliamentary republic, Federal republic
Economy Type: Germany has a social market economy which is a free market but with some intervention by the state.
Head of State: Joachim Wilhelm Gauck