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The CIC Times
Transcript of The CIC Times
Other Examples of Phrasal Verbs
Ask (someone) out: invite on a date
Ex.: Tonight he will ask her out to the party.
Drop in/by/over: come without an appointment
Ex:. I might drop in/by/over a grocery store before going back home.
Get away with (something): do something without being noticed or punished
Ex:. The murderer thought he could get away with his crimes.
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The phrasal verbs structure is composed of verb + a preposition or adverb (particle) that will modify the meaning.
Keep on doing: continue doing
Ex:. Keep on training and soon you’ll enter the team.
The CIC Times
Break up: end a relationship or start laughing (informal)
Ex:. They broke up two weeks ago.
End up: eventually reach/do/decide
Ex:. I wanted to have a party for my birthday, but I ended up traveling instead.
Fall apart: break into pieces
Ex:. That plate fell apart when it hit the ground.
Hang in: stay positive (informal, common at North America)
Ex:. Hang in there, I’m sure they will find your purse.
Look out: be careful, vigilant, and take notice
Ex:. Look out! You must be careful when crossing the streets, otherwise a car can hit you.
Make up: forgive each other
Ex:. My parents always fight, but they also make up as well.
Check in: arrive and register at a hotel or airport
Check out: leave a hotel
Give (something) up: quit a habit
Give up: stop trying
Go after (someone): follow someone
Go after (something): try to achieve something
Look after (someone/something): take care of
Look for (someone/something): try to find
Take (someone) out: pay for someone to go somewhere with you
Take (something) out: remove from a place or thing
There is no real date when the phrasal verbs began to be used. They were not common in the Old English era and their use was much rare. It use was very different.
For example the phrasal verb ''to burn'' was ''bærnan'' and the other phrasal verb ''to burn up'' was ''forbærnan''.
The prefix for- was used as well in ''forlorn'' which could made both ''understand'' and ''to stand underneath'' as well as ''to comprehend''. It was very confusing as one phrasal verb could mean more than one thing as seen in ''forlorn'' above. Other example was ''berædan'' that meant ''to dispossess'' while it's root verb ''rædan'' meant ''to advice''.
The phrasal verbs began to be used more effectively in modern England. It grew to be very popular because of its use by Shakespeare in his plays. From here on in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, it much more usable and less confounding than in the Old English era.
The four types of phrasal verbs are:
1. Intransitive - phrasal verbs that cannot or do not take objects. The prepositional functioning as a particle must directly follow the verb
2. Nonseparable transitive - phrasal verbs that require direct objects and may also take indirect objects. The preposition functioning as a particle must also directly follow the verb in nonseparable transitive phrasal verbs.
3. Optionally separable transitive - are phrasal verbs which also require objects, but the preposition functioning as a particle can follow either the verb or the direct object
4. Obligatorily separable transitive - phrasal verbs become obligatorily separable phrasal verbs when the direct object is in the form of a pronoun meaning the preposition functioning as a particle must follow the pronoun functioning as the direct object.