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LIR100-05

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by

Jamin Pelkey

on 1 October 2018

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Transcript of LIR100-05

LIR 100
GLOBAL MODELS
IN INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS

The Dimensions of Culture
WEEK 5
A Survey of Cultural Models
Hall's High vs. Low Context
Trompenaars' Seven Dimensions
Douglas' Grid-Group Theory
Hofstede's Six Dimensions
Mary Douglas
Fons Trompenaars
Geert Hofstede
Edward T. Hall
Individual choices depend on position in society
Society members share little solidarity
Society members share much solidarity
Individual choices not dependent on position in society
LOW CONTEXT
Time is highly organized
Commitment is low
Interpersonal bonds are fragile
Ingroups vs. Outgroups can flex
Reactions allowed to surface
More details verbalized
Plainly coded messages
Overt and explicit
HIGH CONTEXT
Time is loosely organized
Commitment is high
Interpersonal bonds are strong
Ingroups vs. Outgroups are rigid
Reactions are reserved
More nonverbal coding
Internalized messages
Covert and implicit
Hofstede's Six Dimensions of Culture
Individualism vs. Collectivism
Uncertainty Avoidance vs.
Tolerance of Ambiguity
High vs. Low
Power Distance
Masculinity vs. Femininity
Long vs. Short-Term
Time Orientation
Indulgence vs. Restraint
Should personal allegience be oriented more toward
self or group?
Should institutional power be distributed more equally or more unequally?
Is the immediate future or the distant past more important when facing issues of life and work?
Should natural human desires be more regulated or more liberated?
Which is more important--assertiveness and wealth acquisition or caring for others and quality of life?
Should we be more tolerant or more wary of ambiguity and change?
?? / !!
Somewhat Masculine
Masculine
Very Masculine
Full transcript