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Transcript of Lewis Carroll
Carroll’s particular mix of creativity, fantasy, word play, satire, nonsense, and dry wit have gained him iconic status in popular culture with such memorable characters as Alice herself, the March Hare, the wise Dodo, the mad Hatter, the hookah smoking Blue Caterpillar, and the Cheshire Cat.
He is the source of such oft-quoted witticisms, puns and nonsense phrases like “Everything’s got a moral, if only you can find it”, “We called him Tortoise because he taught us”, “No good fish goes anywhere without a porpoise”, “She generally gave herself very good advice, (though she very seldom followed it)”, “I can't explain myself, I’m afraid, because I’m not myself, you see”, “The rule is, jam tomorrow and jam yesterday—but never jam today”, “Sentence first, verdict afterwards”, and “Curiouser and curiouser! http://www.online-literature.com/carroll/ http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/78
*Born 27 January 1832
*Daresbury, Halton, Cheshire, England
*Died 14 January 1898 (aged 65)
*Guildford, Surrey, England
*Pen name Lewis Carroll
*Occupation Novelist Author, mathematician, Anglican clergyman, photographer, Artist
*Genres Children's literature, fantasy literature, poetry, literary nonsense
*Notable work(s) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Through the Looking-Glass, "The Hunting of the Snark" http://helotsoftware.co.uk/lewis-carroll-bio.htm http://www.lewiscarroll.org/
Definition: The expression of truths or generalizations about human conduct and experience by means of symbolic figures and actions.
Context: Alice's adventures may be considered an allegory for the journey from childhood to adulthood.
Definition: A game in which players drive wooden balls with mallets through a series of wickets set out on a lawn.
Context: Alice played croquet using a hedgehog for a ball.
Definition: Deviating from established patterns of behavior.
Context: Lewis Carroll was considered eccentric by many adults who knew him well.
Definition: Someone who makes, sells, or cleans and repairs hats.
Context: The mad hatter's tea party was a shocking experience for Alice.
Definition: A mirror.
Context: For her further adventures in Wonderland, Alice went through the looking glass.
Definition: A literary work in which the style of the author or work is closely imitated for comic effect or ridicule.
Context: Alice's adventures are sometimes seen as a parody of the formal style and rigid manners of Victorian England.
Definition: A light, humorous parody.
Context: The Red Queen is sometimes considered a spoof of Queen Victoria.
Definition: A movement in art and literature that tries to express subconscious mental activities through fantastic or incongruous images and the unnatural joining of unrelated ideas.
Context: Time running backward is a surreal element in Alice's trip. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was born on 27 January 1832 at the parsonage in Daresbury, Cheshire County, England, the third child and eldest son born to Frances Jane Lutwidge (1804-1851) and Anglican Archdeacon Charles Dodgson (1800-1868). Charles had two older sisters and eight other siblings.They were a large family and very close, strictly adhering to High Church values and morals. Dodgson was determined to succeed and approached his education avidly: he earned his B.A. in 1854 with First Class Honours in mathematics, Second in Classics, and in 1857 graduated with an M.A.
Following in his father’s footsteps, Dodgson was appointed Mathematical Lecturer at Oxford, a position he held from 1856 to 1881. In 1867 Carroll travelled through Europe and Russia. In 1871 Carroll’s sequel to Alice, Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There appeared, including another famous poem “Jabberwocky”. Carroll’s humorous play Euclid and his modern rivals was published in 1879.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson died on 14 January 1898 at his sisters' home . Charles Lutwigde Dodgson Alice Liddell http://images.yandex.ru/yandsearch Lewis Carroll memorial window, Daresbury Church, Cheshire Daresbury, Cheshire Alice's Adventures in Wonderland At the time Charles was born his father was curate at All Saints’ Church in Daresbury but in 1843 the family moved to the Croft Rectory in Richmondshire, North Yorkshire. The children’s education started at home and young Charles, who wanted to be like his father, was enrolled at the Richmond public school as a boarder. Starting at the age of fourteen he attended Rugby School in Warwickshire until 1849. He was exceptionally gifted and, like his father, excelled in mathematics and won many prizes. He also loved literature and studied such authors as John Bunyan, William Shakespeare and John Ruskin and went on to appreciate many others like Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Elizabeth Gaskell, and Lord Alfred Tennyson, who also became a friend. He expressed his creativity in writing poetry and short stories for his own magazines . Alice Liddell and her sisters From a young age, Dodgson wrote poetry and short stories to the family magazine Mischmasch and later sending them to various magazines. Between 1854 and 1856, his work appeared in the national publications The Comic Times and The Train. Sometime after 1850, he did write puppet plays for his siblings' entertainment.
In 1856 he published his first piece of work under the name that would make him famous. A romantic poem called "Solitude" appeared in The Train under the authorship of "Lewis Carroll." This pseudonym was a play on his real name; Lewis was the anglicised form of Ludovicus, which was the Latin for Lutwidge, and Carroll an Irish surname similar to the Latin name Carolus, from which the name Charles comes. Around the time of his appointment a new Dean came to Christ Church, Henry Liddell and his wife Lorina and their children Harry, Lorina, Edith and Alice. They all became great friends to Dodgson and were often subjects for his photography as well as his own family and Tennyson’s, Scottish author George MacDonald’s, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti and his family. They went on outings together, including rowing on the rivers Thames and Isis near Oxford. Dodgson, who loved to tease and joke, entertained the children by drawing pictures and telling them stories including the beginnings of his Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Dodgson clearly had a love and respect for the young sharp minds who laughed at his stories and shared his sense of humour.
So he composed his Alice stories.
They were published in 1865 to much success,
with illustrations by John Tenniel. Lorina Liddell, her children and Lewis Carroll Chestnuts -home of Lewis Carroll and his sisters in Guildford http://www.youtube.com/watch Lewis Carroll Societies have formed in many countries including the United Kingdom, New Zealand, North America, and Japan.