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Similes, metaphors and personification

Adapted from a presentation by Jenna Hall
by

Kristyn Clark

on 21 May 2015

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Transcript of Similes, metaphors and personification

IMAGERY
Personification
Similes
CREATE A PICTURE IN YOUR READER'S MIND
Metaphors
What is Katy's message?
Who is her audience?
What similes and metaphors does she use?
Things to consider …
Content Objective (What I'll learn)
I CAN understand the difference between similes and metaphors.

Language Objective (How I'll prove it)
I CAN explain how I found similes and metaphors and how writers use them to get their point across more clearly.
A metaphor compares two things by saying the first thing IS the second thing.
Metaphor
A simile compares two DIFFERENT things using the words ‘LIKE’ or ‘AS’.
"Her eyes were as blue as the sea."
"The storm was as wild as a raging monster."
Simile
A tree is a green umbrella.

She’s as delicate as a butterfly.

The sun is a yellow beach ball kicked high in the summer sky.

My feet are like blocks of ice.

She is as proud as a peacock.

My brother is a greedy pig.
Simile or metaphor?
SAME
DIFFERENT
DIFFERENT
What is the comparison?
WEAK; HELPLESS; READY TO FALL APART
The Writer of This Poem
by Roger McGough

The writer of this poem
Is taller than a tree
As keen as the North wind
As handsome as can be

As bold as a boxing-glove
As sharp as a nib
As strong as scaffolding
As tricky as a fib

As smooth as a lolly-ice
As quick as a lick
As clean as a chemist-shop
As clever as a tick

The writer of this poem
Never ceases to amaze
He’s one in a million billion
(or so the poem says!)
SAME
DIFFERENT
DIFFERENT
What is the comparison?
YOU

a shiny blue sheet hugging the shore
blue nothingness
a deadly suffocating machine
water alive
death when oil tankers spill
white horses riding on a blue carpet
another world waiting to be discovered
a giant puddle
a blue blanket in the distance

a background

a lion’s roar
a shark’s restaurant
a quilt of blue
a surfer’s paradise
a leaking ink cartridge
the eyes of a fair haired child
the sound of the crashing waves
a blue lagoon
God’s tears
a mermaid’s kingdom
a flooded land
a fish’s home
a bowl of salty water
liquid against a velvet sky

a place beyond the horizon
The sea is …

an icy blanket of shadow covering the world
a creeping black monster
a sea of shadows seeping into every corner
a sleeping potion carried around the world
a bottle of Coke
a mysterious cave
the retreat of the sun
an oily sea
the edge of the universe
cold, black silence



a swallowed night
a blanket of black
a place where nightmares live
a deep dark hole
a place where light can’t show
a place where horror draws you in
black tights over your head
the final sleep
a black cape
a black cat at night
a place where nobody goes
a dark cupboard
a witch’s cauldron
death
loneliness
the night sky
a question
The dark is …
floats
white
SNOW
Now brainstorm …
Something that can be described with the same words

Sugar, flour, blanket
Freezer, icicles, ice cream
Flour, feathers
Butter, ice cream
Chocolate, cornflakes

White
Cold
Floats down
Melts
Flakes
Then ...
Snow
Litany
by Billy Collins

You are the bread and the knife
The crystal goblet and the wine.
You are the dew on the morning grass
and the burning wheel of the sun.
You are the white apron of the baker
and the marsh birds suddenly in flight.
However, you are not the wind in the orchard,
the plums on the counter,
or the house of cards.
And you are certainly not the pine-scented air.
There is just no way you are the pine-scented air.





It is possible that you are the fish under the bridge,
maybe even the pigeon on the general's head,
but you are not even close
to being the field of cornflowers at dusk.

And a quick look in the mirror will show
that you are neither the boots in the corner
nor the boat asleep in its boathouse.




Create your own metaphor poems.
You might like to start with:
the autumn
the winter
the summer
the spring
the sun
the moon
a thunderstorm
And now write your poem ...
The snow is ...
flour being shaken by a giant in the sky
feathers floating down from heaven
a blanket over my garden
sugar making the world a sweeter place
icicles
ice cream
cold
The wind stood up and gave a shout;
He whistled on his fingers, and
Kicked the withered leaves about,
And thumped the branches with his hand,
And said he’d kill, and kill, and kill;
And so he will! And so he will.

By James Stephens
THINK:
Can the wind stand up?
Can the wind shout?
Can the wind whistle?
Can the wind kick?

Personification
is a type of metaphor that makes a THING sound like a PERSON.

The thing is PERSONified.
The VERB shows HOW the thing is personified.
Personification
The sun
SMILED
on the cornfield.
The old church
GROANED
in the wind.
The
ANGRY
sea smashed up the boat.
Write your own personification poem with a partner.
Here are some ideas:
Your turn
mountain
rain
cloud
skyscraper
Scotland
river
clock
train
told
whispered
listened
danced
said
murmured
awoke
slept
took
crept
CHOOSE A VERB
The wind
The wind whispered to the trees as it grabbed the leaves and dropped them on the ground.

Let's review simile, metaphor, and personification in this last video:



...
Winter

Winter crept through the whispering wood, hushing fir and oak; crushed each leaf and froze each web but never a word he spoke.

Winter prowled by the shivering sea, lifting sand and stone; nipped each limpet silently and then moved on.

Winter raced down the frozen stream, catching at his breath; on his lips were icicles, at his back was death.
Content Objective (What I'll learn)
I CAN understand the difference between similes, metaphors, and personification.

Language Objective (How I'll prove it)
I CAN explain how I found personification, similes, and metaphors and why I think the writers used them.
Her eyes ARE oceans of blue.
The storm IS a raging monster.
Note: A metaphor says
one THING is another. So, you usually need two NOUNs to make a metaphor.

NOT "Her
eyes
are
pretty
."
BUT "Her
eyes
are
diamonds
."



NOT "Her
eyes
are
happy
."
BUT "Her
eyes
are
stars
."
Find the metaphors in "I'm Already There" by Lonestar
Similes and metaphors for the Grinch
It might interest you to know,
speaking of the plentiful imagery of the world,
that I am the sound of rain on the roof.
I also happen to be a shooting star,
the evening paper blowing down an alley,
and the basket of chestnuts on the kitchen table.

I am also the moon in the trees
and the blind woman's tea cup.
But don't worry, I am not the bread and the knife.
You are still the bread and the knife.
You will always be the bread and the knife,
not to mention the crystal goblet and--somehow--the wine.
"Cowboy Casanova"
by Carrie Underwood
Find the personification in "The Wind Cries Mary" by Jimi Hendrix
Full transcript