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Lenin's Consolidation of the Soviet State
Transcript of Lenin's Consolidation of the Soviet State
Founder of the Bolsheviks
Inspiration and leader of Bolshevik Revolution (1917) It's a mountain Lenin founded the Soviet State in October 1917 and was the governmental force - Congress of Soviets
Nov. 1917 - March 1918 -- Left Socialist-Revolutionaries occupied secondary positions in Lenin's government
"Soviet Power" was a condition of a political party's legality revolution
problems & Lenin reaction
consolidation - politics, economics, work force
One Russia? The Bolshevik Revolution Causes political/cultural vs. economical/social Though he shut out lower class from govt, czar promoted high education to maintain status of nation This plus the population increase amongst the
peasants revolutionary ideas "Vladimir Ilich Lenin." Encyclopædia Britannica. Academic ed. 2013. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 6 Feb. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/335881/Vladimir-Ilich-Lenin>. Once czarism was weakened by WWI, Lenin took the opportunity to advocate for a separate peace treaty, encouraged excessively by Germany Because of a misstep in his putsch, his endeavor failed. The government found out and leaked information on his dealings with Germans during WWI Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets His followers felt betrayed for his dappling with their enemy And then they left him. Bolsheviks took power, Left Socialist-Revolutionaries stayed.
Bolsheviks banned all rival parties
October 1917 --
Lenin created an all Bolshevik government (The council of People's Commissars OR Savnarkom) The Kornilov affair lost Kerensky necessary support against the Bolsheviks
Bolsheviks reorganized and planned their proper revolution
Oct 24-25th, Red Guards occupied strategic points in Petrograd and Lenin issued a delcaration in the name of the MRC Bolsheviks in Gov't Had a majority in the Soviet Central Executive Committee
Were the Central Committee of the Comunist Party
Governmental structure was to last until the Constituent Assembly (Jan. 1918) -- Lenin demobilized the assembly. This declaration stated that the government was overthrown and all power resided in the Soviets
Kerensky could not oppose as he had lost all support over Kornilov The New Soviet State Works Cited 1 1 Encyclopedia Britannica; "Vladimir Ilich Lenin" 2 2 Encyclopedia Britannica; "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" "Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (historical State, Eurasia) : Lenin and the Bolsheviks." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/614785/Union-of-Soviet-Socialist-Republics/42040/Lenin-and-the-Bolsheviks About Lenin Hello! :) "Russia : The October (November) Revolution." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/513251/Russia/38556/The-October-November-Revolution 3 3 Encyclopedia Britannica; "The October (November) Revolt" Brooks, Jeffrey, and G. I. Cherniavskii. Lenin and the Making of the Soviet State: A Brief History with Documents. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Print. 4 4 Brooks, Chernyavskiy; "Lenin and the Making of the Soviet State: A Brief History with Documents" In doing so, he created the new Soviet State Lenin's NEP After Octoboer Revolution Lenin wanted some free market despite his communist ideas
Usually communism wants govt control of everything Bolsheviks refused to share power with others, besides L.S.R.
Name Change --
March 1918 Russian Communist Party of Deep Meaningful Question:
For what reasons and to what extent did Lenin allow free market despite his communistic ideas? Lenin wanted a temporary free market in order to get to where he wanted to be: an expansion of the state economic power More Deep Meaningful Questions: For what reasons were the tax issues of the NEP political and social rather than economic? To what extent did the fate of the Bolshevik Revolution depend upon relationships between classes? 6 6 Brooks, Jeffrey, and Cherniavskii; "Lenin and the Making of the Soviet State: A Brief History with Documents" Answerable with Brooks, Jeffrey, and Cherniavskii; "Lenin and the Making of the Soviet State: A Brief History with Documents" The New Economic Policy Replace War Communism (1918-1921) which was leading toward a breakdown of the whole economy
Kronshtadt Rebellion 1921 (Petrichenko) demonstrated need to reasses New Measures:
Return of agriculture
Money reintroduced (abolished under War Communism)
Peasantry allowed to own/culivate land The NEP allowed the country to regain some stability and to recover from war, civil war and poor govt "New Economic Policy (NEP) (Soviet History)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. 5 5 Encyclopedia Britannica; "New Economic Policy (NEP) (Soviet history)" Bolshevik 3 "Russia: Government and society." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/513251/Russia/38618/Government-and-society 6 6 Encyclopedia Britannica; "Bolshevik" "Bolshevik." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/72272/Bolshevik Page 1 Page 2 After this failed Bolshevik attempt, Kerensky took over the provisional govt