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Home Life During The Civil War

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Kayla Doyle

on 10 May 2011

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Transcript of Home Life During The Civil War

Home Life During The Civil War By: Kayla Barden, Miryam Miller, Sally Dickey, and Megan Doyle The battles and food shortages that states experienced during the Civil War made home life almost as dangerous as fighting. Dangers at Home Many families were divided because of the Civil War. Often, sons would find themselves fighting against their fathers at war. Families Divided A farmer's wife knew how to keep her family together and sustainable in her husband's absence, but city women had it harder. Many women found themselves running farms, plantations and businesses while their husbands were away. Thousands of women on both sides worked as nurses or aided the troops through organizations such as the United States Sanitary Commission. City vs. Rural Homelife The Union army recruited about 2,500,000 men, while the Confederate army recruited only half of that. Many families were left with only mothers and daughters to earn money to feed and clothe the family. One amazing fact is that women were able to keep the farms healthy throughout the war. Without them, agricultural production could have stopped. Southern Home Life The typical family farm in the South has only the family members and slaves working on the land. Each member had jobs for which they were responsible, even the children. Take one or two people out of the family, to go fight in the war, and what was difficult at first becomes almost impossible. As men left for the war, women had to step in to fill their places in society. Women took up roles as factory workers, clerks, and school teachers. As the number of sick and wounded increased, women also took on the role of nurses. Women's Jobs Familes Left Behind The women of the North were experiencing hard times, but they still found time to raise money for the war. Fundraisers included raffles, bake sales, and fairs. The money earned was for medical supplies, food, ammunition, clothes, and shelter. These fundraisers were very helpful to the war. Frequently, boys at the age of 13 or 14 would enlist in the army, saying they were 17. Many times, even boys at the age of 9 or 10 would either have to work in the fields or take over the house while their mother was working in the factories. Young Boys Enlisting Fundraisers for War Women's Help on Farms Start of Women's Rights When the soldiers came back from war, the women had been working in the factories for so long now that they basically had a job there. This was when women started to realize that they were just as capable as men to work, but they were never given the chance. Northern Home Life In a typical Northern family during the Civil War, the father would be off at war. Women would often work in factories in order for them to stay open and running. Many boys, even at the age of 12, became the men of the house while their mothers were at work. Families were lucky if they survived through the Civil War. Bibliography http://www.kidport.com/reflib/usahistory/civilwar/Family.htm http://www.hsp.org/node/2028 http://www.ket.org/civilwar/primary.html http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/tp-024/ http://library.duke.edu/specialcollections/bingham/guides/civilwar.html
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