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Cross Cultural Comparison: A-CZ

Comparison of Austria and the Czech Republic concerning: Politics, Religion, History, Economy

Adnan Cosic

on 9 December 2012

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Transcript of Cross Cultural Comparison: A-CZ

Jan Amos Komensky Chancellor/Prime Minister suppression of a peaceful student demonstration in Prague the number of peaceful protesters assembled in Prague had grown from 200,000 to an estimated 500,000
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announced on November 28 that it would relinquish power and dismantle the single-party state
President Gustáv Husák appointed the first largely non-communist government in Czechoslovakia Cross Cultural Comparison Austria Czech Republic Executive Judiciary Legislative 2 Chamber elected by the Czech People
Chamber of Deputies (Upper Chamber)
Senate (Lower Chamber) Prague University Enlightenment Neohumanism T.G. Masaryk Reformed society
Promoted science and intellectual interchange Theologian, Philosopher, Pedagogue
Claimed for unforced lessons
Teaching all to everybody The ones who are gifted in craftmansship - Do an apprenticeship
The others - Go to university and study Philosophy Orientates itself on interests, values, dignity
Principles: Tolerance, freedom of conscience 1348: Founding of the university of Prague (1st in Central Europe) First President of Czechoslovakia
Motto: "Jesus, not Caesar" President

Prime Minster (Head of Government)
Vice of Prime Minister
Ministers Regular courts:
headed Supreme court
regional courts
district courts
superior courts

Administrative courts
Constitutional court Politics Prague Spring Details about the Velvet Revolution Details about the Velvet Revolution Details about the Velvet Revolution Foundation myths 1st Myth - arrival of the Czechs in Bohemia

2nd Myth - the mythical ancestor of the Pemyslid dynasty Hussite Wars 1414 Jan Hus started rebelling against the Catholic Church
1420 – 1434 Hussite Wars Second Defenestration of Prague and
Battle of White Mountain 1526 Ferdinand I of Habsburg took up the Czech throne
1618 Second Defenestration of Prague Battle of White Mountain in 1620 30 Years’ War
1621-1771 Dark age of Czech citizens National Revival and the Beginning of
World War 1 Czechoslovakia 1918 - Czechoslovakia was founded
Very strong economy, 70% of the industry of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire
1938 - Munich Pact “O nás bez nás (about us, without us)” 1948 Elections - communist party strongest force
1968 “socialism with human face”
Soviet army invaded into the Czechoslovakia and get things back to state as it was in 1948 Velvet Revolution and
Current Situation 1989 the Velvet Revolution
1993 Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two independent countries
1st of January 1995 Austria joined the EU
1999 Czech Republic joined the NATO
2004 Czech Republic joined the EU Society World War II March 15, 1939 - Czechoslovakia was invaded by Hitler's army
May 9, 1945 - liberation of Prague by the Soviet Red Army and the end of war
Communist party lead power in Czechoslovakia
Munich Agreement: Separation of Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia Dealing with Laws Go AROUND the law! Taxes? Police? Crime Issues CZ: AT: Pick-pocketing Credit card fraud Smuggeling (legal drugs) Prostitution Insurance fraud Illicit work Traffic offences ATTENTION: Willingness to report crimes! Population Maria Theresia 1781 Edict of Tolerance
Reestablishing of Czech language
1867 Austria-Hungary was founded
1914 murder of Franz Ferdinand, Beginning of World War 1 Franz Ferdinand Franz Ferdinand Migration Church in
Power Open Catholics - Secret Protestants
Religion of war - Religion as power November 17 - December 29, 1989 Migration:
10.5 Mio. inhabitants
8,2 Mio. inhabitants Czech Republic:
Immigration rate: 10 %
12 officially recognized minorities
5 % of population has a migration background Austria:
Immigration rate: 10,7 %
8 recognized minorities
19 % of population has a migration background Practicing the Religion Modern Times Religion Church against state - State along Church
Education vs. Church - Church & Education strong middle class The Wall Street journal:
2007 – 40% of the new jobs created (immigrants)
3 Mio € programme by the Czech gov.
500€ - legal immigrant
250€ - children >15
Cost of the ticket home
Ca. 1350 applied for the programme Edict of Tolerance Gender Equality Values Class System granted political and religious rights to religious minorities ( Lutherans, Calvinists, and Greek Orthodox)
was initially put into effect in lower Austria Do's and Don't s Hofstede - Dimensions Rights and Regulations 79.4% Non-religious (agnostic or atheist)
30% believe in some kind of god

10.3% Roman Catholic
0.8% Protestant
9.4% other Why? War Control Religion Organization Ruler Federal States The Ruler was enabled by God to rule

Rebellion against „false“ ruler Effect of Religion at the SocietyWhat changes if relligion changes? Districts New Religion
loss of influence Ruler fights new Religion
or the other direction Religion meant Power Roma in CZ Tension between
different groups More than 60%
of Czech prisoners About one third live by
illegal means Corruption Driving Similarities Executive Judicial Legislative generally: stricter laws 2 chambers But: less considerate driving Religion = suppression
Religion = war The Hapsburg has been Catholic
While lots of Czechs become members of the protestant reformation
Tensions Difficult times and its consequences Communist movement vs. Church
Modern life style without religion Significant amount of the inhabitants are atheists or agnostics.

They connect religion with war and suppression negative experiences in the past President - formal power Ministers Constitutional Court Supreme Court Regional Courts = Transition

Men earn 20 % more than women
In Austria there are women in leading positions than in C. R.

1918 - women got right to vote

Women make up 34 % of the Parliament Old Regime New Regime Legitimacy of the CPC in the constitution Censorship Free market economy Democratic political system Separation between executive | legislative | judicial Privatization Voucher System Idea: Czech Republic Every citizen received vouchers to buy state owned company shares Majority could not afford to transform their vouchers Managers/Aparatchies bought the companies (no change in the Power-structure) Private Property Restitution Austria Idea: Gini Index Income difference is becoming more balanced Czech Republic-25,8% Austria- 29,1% Return property to their rightful owners Which time frame should be chosen? Which method should be chosen? direct
financial restitution Corruption LGBT = lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender

Legal since 1962

Registered same sex partnerships since 2006 Rank 15. Rank 56. Czech Republic: Austria Czech Republic Austria Czech Republic Austria: Family as a a key element

Difference in experiences between generations:

- the youth- free capitalist country,
progressive society;

- elders-war and hard times

"Respect the elders"-type country Family dinners -very common Patriotism – "I am from Austria"
Religion Dirndl and Lederhosen („back to the roots“) Czech Republic Austria Don’t refer to the Czech Republic as being in Eastern Europe Don’t call Austrians as Germans – separate it

Austria is not only lederhosen, beer & mountains

“You are what you wear” find a "compromise" tourist related / drugs When invited to somebody´s home its customary to take a small gift with you

Take off shoes at entrance

Politely refuse when being offered a gift (insist – accept it) issues with minorities mistrust in the government "status symbol" LAW Cheating school: yes sports: NO! be economical with your effort be fair / effort must be worth it Privatization Fraud! Reformation of Slavs and revived nationalism of the Czech , before they were German dominated. Now they feel like Czechs! Dark age for Czech Citizens. All the religions, except Catholic, and Czech language are forbidden. "Better German is spoken in Prague" Beginning of national revival. Reborn of Czech language, literature and art. Corruption is a major problem in our country Czechs (Czechoslovakians) had their own state
New state also included non-Czech/Slovakian nationalities
Still they haven't got the stability of a "home" Outer pie: EU - Inner pie: CZ/AT Elected government takes over and installs a communistic regime Attempt to get people's basic rights and reduce the amount of political persecution in the country Bloodless liberation of the Czech People
Democratization Marxism
structuralism Corruption in national institutions? Corruption Perception of Czech politicians and managers Politicians Managers Czech Large companies bribe the most
Corruption is most widespread in construction and state-awarded contracts
claim that corruption does not affect quality of work Czech Large companies bribe the most
Corruption is most widespread in construction and state-awarded contracts
claim that a company that bribes delivers worse products or services than a company that does not. Communist regime in Czech Republic Doubting the government, sarcastic;
The laws are not being considered strict Hapsburg influence on Austria Individualistic societies Equality of genders is priority Creation and implementation of anti-discriminational laws Enlightenment
Individualism General roots of the Czechs Agnostic, progressive thinking Czech society Similarities to Austria People love to complain a lot about things Main difference CZ- Austria Austria: Philosophers as thinkers
Czech Republic: Philosopher as thinkers AND actors One of the first countries to accept the LGBT rights and gay marriages Nationalization of economy (property) Ban on private business 5-year plans driven economy Censorship Jan Hus as an Philosopher
Protestantism as an Philosophy
Questions Things
Change Things The bigger entity is more important than the individual
(More and more changing) Time of birth
of philosophical streams Democracy can only exist when everybody contributes something to the society After the companies have fallen in the
hands of: ex-Managers and people with
political ties to the old regime, the population
lost trust in the political system Czech Republic Valuing traditions, obedience to laws with a tendency to deviate them Notorious Example:
Viktor Kozeny - "The Pirate from Prague"
Harvard Capital and Consulting
1000% ROI
disappeared in the Bahamas
wanted in the US and Czech Republic Austria Czech Republic 2011 Male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Austria since 1971

Registered partnerships were introduced in 2010 Austria Austria under influence of Roman Catholicism Acceptance of the LGBT rights much later than in Czech Republic Jan Hus Total Agree
Total Disagree
Don't know yes no ? yes no ? source: www.statistik.at - The richest 20%
earn & consume 36 % of available wealth;

- The poorest 20%
earn & consume 10% of available wealth; - The richest 20% earn & consume 30% of wealth;

- The poorest 20% earn & consume 15% of wealth source: OECD Gave answers to questions like:
What is human?
How can you be human? Austria: Handle Things as quick as possible
Czech Republic: Thoughtfulness and leisure are cornerstones in life What is your opinion on Church Restitution? What is the true picture of religion in the Czech Republic Hide your beliefs - Always a believer Would this way of thinking be possible in Austria? How did the philosophers influence the growth of C.Z.? How does the corruption level influence government Where does the corruption start in your opinion? What is the most important time in both countries history? Would you act differently in the question of Sudeten? Which country cares moreabout keeping the laws? In which country do you feel more safe? Which values are the most important for you? Temelin
Yes or No? EU & NATO

Men earn 30 % more than women
10% of women who earn more than men
1920 - women got right to vote

Women make up 15 % of seats in Chamber of Deputies, 14 % in Senate Czech Republic Austria Member since 2004 The Czech Republic has the highest divorce rate among Europe - 54 %
Austria has 46 % in 2006, the positive attitude towards EU dropped from 52% to 42% among the Czechs 2/3 of the population thinks that Czech Republic
benefited from being an EU-Member EU is undemocratic
satisfaction level of the population is the lowest since 2004 History
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