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Transcript of Global Warming
"What are some more effects of global warming?"Asked Polo?
"Some possible effects of global warming are that other areas will be affected by having more droughts and economy would suffer and people would risk starvation. As the water levels rise, it will also cause the temperature of the oceans to rise which wil cause more frequent and stronger hurricanes. Also the spread of disease would rise as northern countries warm up as disease carrying insects (malaria) would migrate north bringing disease to humans and agriculture." Replied Fladimir. “ What is the Kyoto Protocol is about?”Asked Hatshepsut.
“The Kyoto Protocol is basically an agreement to reduce GHG emissions. It was adopted in Kyoto, Japan on December 11, 1997 and entered into force on February 16, 2005. The industrialized countries have committed to cut their combined emission to 5% below 1990 levels by 2008 – 2012, and this was successful, since many countries managed to cut their emissions by more than they had promised.” Answered Fladimir. “Wait, since its 2013 now, does that mean that the countries will start to emit more GHGs?” Asked Polo, scared that the protection is now gone. “No, the Kyoto Protocol was renewed in November, 2012 in the UN Climate Change Conference that was held in Doha, Qatar. Nearly 200 countries agreed to extend the Kyoto Protocol from 2013-2020, but I am worried that it won’t be efficient since the world’s biggest emitters, China and the United states are not involved in the second period.” said Fladimir. One day, Marco and his son Polo were strolling back to their igloo after they were hunting for fish. Along the way back home, they heard wining, sobbing, and shrieking from other arctic creatures that live in this area called Polarithia. “Ahhh, my house is melting!” shrieked a moose. Marco and Polo dashed immediately to their igloo to see if anything happened to it. When they finally arrived, Polo found his mother Hatshepsut crying for their dear house that melted down and was destroyed. “Where do we live now?” said Hatshepsut embracing Polo. The Towdaina family decided to ask the great and most intelligent walrus in Polarithia, Fladimir about what's happening in Polarithia. Once they arrived, Fladimir began to calm down the Towdaina family. “Our igloo has melted! What do you think has happened and has caused this?” asked Marco. “This process is called global warming. Global warming is formed when the earth heats up (temperature rises). Global warming is developed by the increases of the greenhouse gases. The greenhouse gases trap heat and causes a heating-up called the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is the process in which certain gases in a planet’s atmosphere absorb and emit infrared radiation, resulting an increase in surface temperature. The greenhouse effect got its name because it reminded scientists of the way glass traps warmth inside a greenhouse. The four greenhouse gases are water vapor, nitrous oxide, methane, and carbon dioxide. The greenhouse gases are located in the troposphere which is the first level above ground level. In a greenhouse, the sun’s radiation goes through the greenhouse and heats up the air inside. Global warming is called the greenhouse effect because the gases that are gathering above the earth, make the planet earth comparable to a greenhouse. On earth, the sun's radiation travels through the atmosphere and heats up the earth's surface." said Fladimir. "Global Warming is caused by many things. The causes are split up into two groups, man-made or anthropogenic causes, and natural causes. Man-made causes probably do the most damage. There are many man-made causes. Pollution is one of the biggest man-made problems. Pollution comes in many shapes and sizes. Burning fossil fuels is one thing that causes pollution. Fossil fuels are fuels made of organic matter such as coal, or oil. When fossil fuels are burned they give off a green house gas called carbon dioxide (CO2). Also mining coal and oil allows methane to escape."said Fladimir.
"How does it escape?" questioned Marco.
" Methane is naturally in the ground. When coal or oil is mined you have to dig up the earth a little. When you dig up the fossil fuels you dig up the methane as well. Some more problems that cause global warming include overpopulation, deforestation, ozone depletion, garbage dumping, and many others. The pollution that causes global warming is linked to acid rain. Acid rain gradually destroys almost everything it touches. Global warming is causing many more fires that wipe out whole forests. This effect happens because global warming can make the earth very hot. In forests, some plants and trees leaves can be so dry, that they catch on fire.'' said Fladimir. Fladimir looked worried after saying this. “Is there anything we can do?” Asked Polo.
“We can grow our own food, buy energy-efficient appliances with the "Energy Star" label, reduce the electricity use, and use public transportation rather than our own cars.”Replied Fladimir.
"Also, to prevent greenhouse gases, to stop global warming, you can plant trees and clear fewer forests. Raising fossil fuels prices, taxing emissions, and encouraging people to take environmentally friendly activities such as planting trees will help to reduce global warming." said Fladimir. "What if there wasn't any global warming?" Polo asked.
" If there is a little amount of global warming, it would cause the earth to freeze or be very cold," replied Fladimir," If there is too much global warming in the earth, it would cause sea levels to rise, melts ice, and would affect the habitats of plants, animals, and people. Models have been predicting that maybe over the next century, the global temperature will rise by several degrees." replied Fladimir. BIBLIOGRAPHY Tala:-What is global warming?
Kareem:-What causes global warming?
Dain:-How we can reduce global warming?
http://gulfnews.com/news/region/egypt/reviving-the-kyoto-protocol-1.1125029b , http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/2830.php
Fouad:-What are the effects of global warming?
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/gw-effects/ After global warming ended, it was cold enough to build igloos. Everyone who was living in Polarithia, built their own igloos and refurnished them with newer and better furniture. Everyone was joyful that the crisis ended and they got to live a stupendous life again. The Towdaina family got a new baby called Pika. Since Polarithia has a population of 45 arctic creatures, the Towdaina family decided to invite every single one in Polarithia to celebrate that global warming ended. Everyone lived happily ever after.