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Astronomy & Physics

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Isaac Lien

on 30 November 2016

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Transcript of Astronomy & Physics

Scientific Revolution
Philosophy
Francis Bacon
- developed a scientific method that was based on inductive principles.
Decartes
- Developed a scientific method that was based on inductive principles
Spinoza
- Believed everything had a rational explanation, and that God was not simply the creator of the universe, but was the universe himself.
Pascal
- sought to keep religion and science united, developed a calculating machine, and did work with probability
Instruments
Zacharias Janssen
- Dutch spectacle maker who is credited with inventing the first compound microscope.
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
- invented the mercury-in-glass thermometer and the measurement of Fahrenheit.
Anders Celsius
- First to publish experiments with a universal temperature scale (Celsius)
Astronomy & Physics Continued
Galileo
- Improved the telescope and made many discoveries about the solar system which made Europeans aware of the new picture of the universe.
Isaac Newton
- Inventor of the calculus, developed scientific method, and
Tycho Brahe
- his works and studies helped overturn the geocentric model of the universe in favor of heliocentric.
Chemistry
Robert Boyle
- was one of the first scientists the conduct controlled experiments. Believed that all matter was composed of atoms.
Joseph Priestley
- Inventor of soda water and usually is credited with the discovery oxygen.
Antoine Lavoisier
- invented a system of naming the chemical elements. Also considered the father of modern chemistry.
Anatomy
Vesalius
- published
On the Fabric of the Human Body
, which detailed the human anatomy more accurately than the works of Galen.
William Harvey
- demonstrated that the heart and not the liver was the beginning point of circulation of the blood.
Robert Hooke
- discovered plant cells when he was examining a cork underneath a microscope, and the elasticity law (now known as Hooke's Law).
Edward Jenner
- Created the vaccine for the smallpox virus.
Astronomy & Physics
Nicolaus Copernicus
- published
On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres
(Heliocentric)

Johannes Keplar
- his laws said that the orbits of the planets were elliptical, not circular

Isaac & Braden
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Anders Celsius
Full transcript