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Social Revolution

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by

ANA NEVAREZ

on 19 January 2016

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Transcript of Social Revolution

19th Century:
background

Nationalism
was at its best, everyone respect and believed its country needed to be loved and defend.
Liberalism
: society was no longer devoted to respect its leaders (mostly kings or aristocratic families), they should be as free as possible.
"
Independences
" were held up all over the world
USA, Mexico, India, etc.
Consolidations of states
: because society believed in Nationalism (cultures should be together) and in Liberalism (society should adopt their own form of government) states were created
Italy, Germany, Poland, etc.
Crisis of Liberalism
"Independences" didn't have a
positive outcome
Leaders who fought for liberalism,
took advantage of power
Society was now informed and educated and
willing to have their own perspetive
Ideologies
became from all the world became available
Industrial Revolution
= labor conditions unacceptable
Social Revolutions
A way of passing from a
socioeconomic formation

that has become
historically obsolete
to a more
progressive one
; a radical
qualitative change
in the
entire
socioeconomic structure of society
.

-Karl Marx
Social Revolution
Russian Revolution: Background
"The Romanovs"
The Romanov Dynasty
(1613 to 1917)
was the last imperial dynasty to rule Russia
. During the Romanov reign Russia became and remained a major European power
Tsars & Tsarinas
Mikhail Romanov
: First Tsar, 16-year-old
Ivan vs Peter
: Ivan 16 year-old (seriously ill & mental disease), Peter 10 year-old. First time during the dinasty, Russia was divided. Both of them ruled Russia.
Peter The Great: Russia became an Empire, brought modernization and union to Russia
Catherine the Great: Golden Age,
longest ruling of a female leader in Russia
The Last Romanovs
Tsar Nicholas II
Last Tsar of Russia
Married to Alexandra of Hesse
Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia & Alexis
Alexis had Hemophilia (big secret in the royal family),
Rasputin
was hired to take care of the child, and became a part of the Royal entourage
In 1914 Tsar Nicholas II decided he & Russia will participate in the Great War (WW1)
leaving the Tsarina in charge of its reign and domestic affairs.
Between 1914 & 1916 Russia lost more than 2 million soldiers and 3 million were wounded.
The reign if Tsar Nicholas II was one of the worst reigns of the Romanov's dynasty
Was a dictator
Society lived in deplorable conditions
Women had to work since men were in war
Rasputin and the Tsarina
Since the
Tsarina
was left alone,
in charge of the empire, she continued the same practices as his husband, and relied in Rasputin for any decision making.
Rasputin became the real man in power behind the empire
Beginning of
March 1917
, women started to have a series of strikes
HELPING TO CHANGE RUSSIAN HISTORY (This is know as the beginning of the Russian Revolution)
Women demanded "Peace and Bread"; "Down with autocracy"
Rasputin was seen as a figure of hatred by the Russian society, they believed in eliminating him as an act of revenge
Rasputin was killed 3 times, by the Tsars nephew Yusopov (royal member) December 30 1916
World War I
End of the Romanovs
Tsar Nicholas IIwas forced to abdicate the throne and send to Ekaterinburg under house arrest with all his family and 5 servants
July 17th 1918 the royal family was shooted in the basement of the house
Bodies were buried in the woods and tried to be destroyed with acid
Anastasia Legend began.
1998, 5 bodies were found and DNA tested, all Romanov positive
Buried in Peter & Pauls Cathedral
2008 Anastasia and Alexi's remains were found
The Revolution started!
Tsar Nicholas IIwas forced to abdicate the throne
and send to Ekaterinburg under house arrest with all his family and 5 servants
After the abdication, the
Duma
(legislative body created by the rebels)
named a
provisional government lead by
Aleksandr Kerensky
Kerensky's government was not so different from the Tsar, and he still supported WWI
Soviets were born
. Soviets are councils composed of representatives from workers and soldiers.
Kerensky's government failed
Soviets were divided into two: Bolsheviks & Mensheviks
Bolsheviks:
Believed in Karl Marx:
NEW IDEOLOGY COMMUNISM
Leader: Vladimir Lenin
Mensheviks:
Advocated gradual development of full socialism through parliamentary government and cooperation with bourgeois parties
Lenin disguised himself and flee to Finland
OCTOBER REVOLUTION 1917
Karl Marx: Communism
A philosopher and economist famous for his ideas about capitalism and communism.
Book EL CAPITAL
COMMUNISM: Is a socioeconomic system structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and characterized by the absence of social classes
COMMUNISM CAN ONLY WORK IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
NEW IDEOLOGY
Proletariat: is a term used to describe the class of wage-earners (especially industrial workers) in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labor-power (their ability to work)
Capitalism is an economic system in which trade, industries, and the means of production are largely or entirely privately owned and operated for profit
Vladimir Lenin
End of
October 1917
, Bolsheviks attacked the Winter Palace in aims to find Kerensky and end its ruling.
Kerensky got away THIS MARKS THE END OF REVOLUTION
Bolsheviks were in control now
Leon Trotsky also leader of the Bolsheviks
Soviets were the people ruling themselves
The real power eventually was with Vladimir Lenin.
Why Lenin??
Charismatic
Incredible oratory skills
Bolsheviks were later known as Communists
Lenin was not a good leader, many people opposed him
COMMUNISM WAS A THREAT TO OTHER COUNTRIES
Summary
End of a 300 year dinasty, the Romanovs
Rasputin became the first image of hatred against the autocracy
Conditions during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II were deplorable and society was fed up and in NEED OF A CHANGE
1917 Revolution started with a series of strikes lead by women (first part of the Revolution)
Duma was created
Soviets were established
Bolsheviks and Mensheviks started their conflict (second part of Revolution)
NEW IDEOLOGY established: Communism
Vladimir became the new communist Leader
Characteristics
Massive change in society
Fight within your own
Protests
Riots
It's a process
Reorganization
Fighting for an ideology
Outcome
Land was given to the poor
Soviets were taken into consideration
Education was available for everyone
Communism was the new ideology of the new Russia
Lenin invited Russia for free elections, to VOTE FOR THE BOLSHEVIKS
Bolsheviks lost the elections
Mensheviks vs Bolsheviks
LENIN WAS BY FORCE THE NEW LEADER
Full transcript